Product Cover Image

Adolescence, CourseSmart eTextbook

By Robert S. Feldman

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Feb 6, 2008

More Product Info

Description

Courses in adolescence or adolescent development.

 

Designed to capture the physical, cognitive, social, and personality development as individuals move from childhood into adulthood, Adolescence 1e provides an accurate, broad, and comprehensive introduction to the field of adolescent development.  More importantly, however, it places these theories and research findings in the context of how they can be applied to readers’ lives.  The book is intended to excite readers about the field of adolescence, draw them into its way of looking at the world, and to shape their understanding of the significant developmental issues that characterize this period.  By presenting the useful, practical information that will help readers make life decisions about relationships, education, and careers–the very stuff of adolescence–the book is intended to keep enthusiasm about the discipline alive long after students’ formal introduction to the field has ended. 

 

This book captures the physical, cognitive, social, and personal development of individuals from childhood through adulthood while continuously placing theory and research in the context of how they can be applied to readers' lives.

Table of Contents

Brief Table of Contents

 

Part I.  Introduction

Chapter 1.   Introduction to Adolescence

 

Part II.  Key Developmental Transitions

Chapter 2.   Physical Development

Chapter 3.   Cognitive Development

Chapter 4.   Social Development: Adolescent Roles, Personality and Morality

Chapter 5.   Self and Identity

 

Part III.  Relationships

Chapter 6.   Adolescents and Their Families

Chapter 7.   Peers

Chapter 8.   Intimacy

Chapter 9.   Adolescent Sexuality

 

Part IV.   Society

Chapter 10.  Schooling, Education, and Society

Chapter 11.  Work and Leisure

Chapter 12.  Culture and Diversity

 

Part V.   Challenges of Adolescence

Chapter 13.  Adolescent Problems

Chapter 14.  Stress, Coping, and Well-Being

 


 

Detailed Table of Contents

 Chapter 1

Introduction to Adolescence

 

Prologue:  Adolescent Quartet

Looking Ahead

Defining Adolescence:  The Scope of the Field

                Topical areas of adolescence

                The link between age and topics

Adolescent Diversity  How Culture, Ethnicity, and Race Influence Adolescent Development

                Adolescents today

                Review and Apply

The Study of Adolescence:  Past, Present, and Future

                The roots of the study of adolescence

                Adolescent science emerges in the 20th century

                The scientific method and the study of adolescence

                Measuring change during adolescence

Today’s perspectives on adolescence

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Evaluating the Truths—and Myths—of Adolescence

                Review and Apply

Key Questions:  Major Themes of the Study of Adolescence

                What are the key transitions and tasks of adolescence?

                Transitions  From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood

What are the effects of cohort membership on adolescents?

                How does developmental change occur during adolescence?

                What is the relative influence of nature and nurture on development?

How can sound social policy be developed that can improve the lives of adolescents?

Career Choices  Public Policy Specialist

The future of adolescence

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

 


 

Chapter 2

Physical Development

Prologue:  The Cruelest Cut

Looking Ahead

Beginnings: The Start of Puberty 

                The endocrine system: Chemical couriers

                                The HPG feedback system

                                Hormones and emotions

                Adrenarche and gonadarche: Prelude and start of puberty

The nervous system and brain development 

Neurons: The building blocks of the nervous system and brain

Transitions:  The Immature Brain Argument: Too Young for the Death Penalty?

                Brain lateralization

Adolescent Diversity  Are gender and culture related to the brain’s structure?

                Culture and brain lateralization

                Implications of adolescent brain development

                Review and Apply

The Body Changes: The Physical Transformations of Puberty 

Growth during adolescence: The rapid pace of physical and sexual maturation

                Coming of age: Sexual maturation

                                Sexual maturation in females

                                Sexual maturation in males

                Body image: Reactions to the physical changes of puberty

The timing of puberty: The consequences of early and late maturation

                Early maturation

                Late maturation

                Review and Apply

Health and Wellness

                Nutrition and food: Fueling the growth of adolescence

                                Obesity

                                Exercise and sports

                Career Choices:  Physical Education Teacher

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science:  Reducing Obesity

                Anorexia nervosa and bulimia

Tired teens: The struggle to get enough sleep

Improving adolescent health

                School-based health centers

                Socioeconomic factors and adolescent health care

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue


 

Chapter 3

Cognitive Development

 

Prologue: Satellite Vision

Looking Ahead

Intellectual Development

                Piagetian approaches to cognitive development

                                Using formal operations to solve problems

                                Why are there inconsistencies in the use of formal operations?

                                The consequences of adolescents’ use of formal operations

                                Evaluating Piaget’s approach

                Information-processing perspectives: Gradual transformations in abilities

Encoding, storage, and retrieval: The foundations of information processing

                                Automatization

                                Improvements in information-processing during adolescence

                                Information-Processing Theories in Perspective

                Vygotsky’s view of cognitive development: Taking culture into account

The zone of proximal development and scaffolding: Foundations of cognitive development

Vygotsky and educational practices

Adolescent Diversity  How Culture Influences How We Learn

                Evaluating Vygotsky’s contributions

Review and Apply

Intelligence:  Determining Individual Strengths

                Intelligence benchmarks: Differentiating the intelligent from the unintelligent

                                Binet’s test

                                Measuring IQ: Present-day approaches to intelligence

                What IQ tests don’t tell: Alternative conceptions of intelligence

                                Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence

                                Practical and emotional intelligence

Transitions  Too Smart to Get the Job You Want?

                Group differences in IQ

                                Explaining racial differences in IQ

                                The Bell Curve controversy

                Achievement and aptitude tests

                Career Choices

                Review and Apply

Social Cognition: Thinking in a Social Context

                Egocentrism in thinking: Adolescents’ self-absorption

                Risk-taking

                Creativity: Novel thought

                Decision-making during adolescence

                Thinking critically

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science: Techniques for Effective Problem Solving

                Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue


 

Chapter 4

Social Development:  Adolescent Roles, Personality, and Morality

 

Prologue: Help is on the Way

Looking Ahead

 

The Social Transitions of Adolescence

                The social construction of adolescence: Inventing a phase of life

                                Views of adolescence

Adolescent Diversity The rituals of adolescence: Celebrating the social redefinition of children

                                Contemporary rites of passage

                The social roles of adolescence

                                Key roles

                Review and Apply

 

Personality Development

                Psychodynamic approaches to personality

                                Evaluating psychoanalytic explanations of personality

                Trait approaches to personality

                                The Big Five personality traits: Mapping personality

                                The stability of personality in adolescence and beyond

                                Temperament: Stability in arousal and emotionality

                                Personality and the interaction of genetics and the environment

                Adolescent personality in perspective

                Review and Apply

 

Moral development in adolescence: Treating others fairly

                Piaget’s approach to moral development

                                Evaluating Piaget’s approach to moral development

                Moral reasoning: Kohlberg’s approach

                Gilligan’s account of moral development in girls

                Career Choices

                Social learning perspectives on morality: Focusing on behavior

                Moral behavior and moral reasoning: Why the disconnect?

                Prosocial reasoning and prosocial behavior:  The other side of the coin

                                Empathy and moral behavior

                                Gender and cultural differences in prosocial behavior

                Volunteerism: Sustained helping

Transitions  Mandatory Volunteerism: A Contradiction in Terms?

                Honesty and lies in everyday life:  Is the truth dead?

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science:  Increasing Prosocial Behavior

                Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 5

 Self and Identity

Prologue

Looking Ahead

 

Identity: Asking “Who Am I?”

                Self-concept: What am I like?

                Social comparison: Making judgments of oneself

                Identity formation: Change or crisis?

                Marcia’s approach to identity development: Updating Erikson

                Identity, race, and ethnicity

                The self in a cultural context: Squeaky wheel or pounded nail?

 

Self-Esteem: Evaluating the Self

                Self-esteem: Rating the self

                The consequences of self-esteem

Transitions The Downside of High Self-Esteem

Changes in self-esteem during adolescence

Contingent self-worth:  The costs of the pursuit of self-esteem

Strategies for raising self-esteem: Where feeling good is not the goal

Career Choices Recreational Program Worker

The benefits of illusions: Is it better to be wrong than right?

 

Emotional Development

                The nature and functions of emotions

                The instability of emotions in adolescence

                Emotional self-regulation

                Adolescent Diversity Cultural differences in displays of emotion

                Developing emotional competence

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science  Promoting Emotional Competence

 

Looking Back

Epilogue


 

Chapter 6

Adolescents and Their Families

Prologue

Looking Ahead

 

Conflict, Autonomy, and Attachment: Negotiating Family Life

                The generation gap: Myth or reality?

                The nature of conflict

                The quest for autonomy: The reasons behind conflict

                Attachment: Maintaining connectedness

                Autonomy and attachment: Finding the balance

                Review and Apply

 

Parenting: Raising Adolescents in the 21st Century

                Parenting styles

                Reciprocal socialization: The two-way street of parent–adolescent influence

                Cultural differences in child-rearing practices

                Adolescent Diversity Transcultural Adoptions

                Parental development: Middle adulthood meets adolescence

                Who parents?:  The differing roles of mothers and fathers

                Review and Apply

 

Adolescents and the Diversity of Their Families

                Single-parent families

                Divorce

                Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Coping with Divorce

                Multigenerational families

                Blended families: Living with stepparents and stepsiblings

                Families with gay and lesbian parents

                Race, ethnicity, and family life

Transitions Through Adolescence Adolescents as Culture Brokers for their Families

                Siblings: Adolescents and their brothers and sisters

                Group and foster care: When families fail

                Career Choices Social Worker

Poverty: The toll of being raised poor

                The bottom line: Families matter

                Review and Apply

 

Looking Back

Epilogue

 

  

 

Chapter 7

Peers

Prologue: Web of Friends

Looking Ahead

 

Connections with Peers

                Developmental changes in peer relationships

                Peers, age segregation, and age grading

                The sex cleavage: Gender and peers

                Adolescent Diversity  Race Segregation: The Great Divide of Adolescence

                Do peers matter?  The influence of peers on development

                Transitions  How Adolescents Influence Their Friends to Be Helpful

                Review and Apply

 

Peer Groups

                The characteristics of adolescent peer groups

                Adolescent cliques: Belonging to a group

                Crowds

                Formal groups and organizations

                Career Choices  Community Group Director

                Online social networks: Cyberspace peers

                Review and Apply

 

Popularity

                The roots of popularity

                The downside of popularity

                Unpopularity and rejection

                Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science  Developing Your Social Skills

Review and Apply

 

Looking Back

Epilogue


 

Chapter 8

Intimacy

Prologue

Looking Ahead

 

Intimacy and Adolescents

                Sullivan’s theory of interpersonal development

                Erikson’s approach to intimacy

                Reconciling Erikson’s and Sullivan’s views

                Review and Apply

 

Friends

                Adolescents’ understanding of friendship: What’s a friend?

                The role of friendship in adolescents’ lives

                The benefits (and risks) of friendship

                Self-disclosure and adolescent friendships

                Becoming friends: The qualities that lead to friendship

                Conflict and friendships

                Loneliness: Alone in a social world

                Review and Apply

 

Romance and Dating

                The functions of dating

                Adolescent Diversity Relationship intimacy in African American adolescents

                Developmental patterns in dating

                Dating in sexual minority youth

                Love: It’s different from liking

                Transitions Fall in Love: How Do Adolescent Relationships Blossom?

                The end of romance: Breaking up is hard to do

                Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Coping With a Breakup

                Career Choices Family Counselor

                Long-term development and intimacy

                Review and Apply

 

Looking Back

Epilogue


 

Chapter 9

Adolescent Sexuality

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Becoming Sexual

                The biology of sex                              

                Masturbation

                Sex with a partner

                Sexual orientation: Heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality

                Adolescent Diversity  Disclosing Same-Sex Attraction to Parents

                Sexually active adolescents: Who is having sex, and why?

                Contraceptive use

                Review and Apply

Adolescent Pregnancy

                Who gets pregnant?

                Explaining the decline in adolescent pregnancy

                Transitions Safer Choices: Helping Adolescents to Avoid Unwanted Pregnancy

                Consequences of teenage pregnancy

                Abortion

                Adoption

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science How Adolescents Can Prevent Unwanted Pregnancy

                Review and Apply

Sexual Issues and Difficulties

                Sexual disorders

                Sexually transmitted infection (STI): A risk of sexual activity

                Career Choices Sandra Caron, Sex Educator

                Sexual harassment

                Rape

                Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue


 

Chapter 10

Schooling, Education, and Society

Prologue: Middle School Days 

Looking Ahead

 

The Impact of Schools on Adolescents:  The Structure of Education

                The transition from elementary school

                The middle school movement

                Research on the success of middle schools: A mixed picture

Adolescent Diversity  Multicultural Education

Bilingual education

Home schooling: An alternative to traditional schools

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Smoothing Adolescents’ Transition to Middle School

Review and Apply

 

School Performance

Socioeconomic status and school performance: Individual differences in achievement

                Ethnic and racial differences in school achievement

The special problems of boys

Transitions Achievement Testing: Will No Child Be Left Behind?

Expectation effects: How teachers’ expectancies influence their students

                Dropping out of school

Educating adolescents with special needs

                Career Choices  Special Education Teacher

Review and Apply

 

Beyond High School: The Pursuit of Higher Education

                Who goes to college?

                Gender in the classroom

                Overcoming gender and racial barriers to achievement

                Review and Apply

 

Looking Back

Key Terms and Concepts

Epilogue


 Chapter 11

Work and Leisure

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Time and Leisure

                Spending time

                Shifting attention: This is your brain on multitasking

                Cross-cultural differences in time use

                Media and technology use by adolescents

Transitions  Playing Video Games: Does Virtual Aggression Lead to Actual Aggression?

Review and Apply

Work: Students on the Job

                Work and education: The historical background

                The pros and cons of work

                Adolescent Diversity  Cross-Cultural Adolescent Work Practices

                Job training for adolescents entering the workforce

                The elusive link between work and character

                Review and Apply

Picking an Occupation: Choosing Life’s Work

                Perspectives on career development

                Career Choices Career Counselor

Career choices and socioeconomic status, gender, and race and ethnicity

                Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Choosing a Career

                Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue


 

Chapter 12

Culture and Diversity

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Culture and Adolescence

Adolescent culture

                Acculturation: When cultures collide

                Developing an ethnic identity

                Transitions  When a School Transition Fosters Ethnic Identity Development

                Review and Apply

The Diversity of Adolescence

                Immigration: Building diversity

                Racial and ethnic minority adolescents:  Who are they?

Poor adolescents: The impact of socioeconomic status and poverty on adolescents

                Review and Apply

Prejudice and Discrimination

                Prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination:  The foundations of hate

                The roots of prejudice

                Sexism: Prejudice and gender

                Adolescent Diversity  Sexual Minority Adolescents and Sexual Prejudice

                Racism: Hatred in color

                Career Choices  Diversity Counselor

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science  Taking a Stand Against Prejudice

                Review and Apply

Looking Back

Key Terms and Concepts

Epilogue


 

Chapter 13

Adolescent Problems

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Categorizing Adolescent Difficulties

                Distinguishing problems from experimentation

                The origin of problems

                Review and Apply

Externalizing Difficulties

                Juvenile delinquency

                School violence

                Substance use and abuse in adolescence

                Career Choices Substance Abuse Counselor

                Runaways and throwaways: Leaving home

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Quitting Smoking Before It Becomes a Lifelong Habit

                Review and Apply

Internalizing Problems in Adolescence

                Adolescent depression

                Adolescent suicide

Transitions Preventing Adolescent Suicide:  Dealing with the Crisis in Campus Mental Health

Adolescent abuse: Physical, sexual, and psychological

Adolescent Diversity Are Gay and Lesbian Adolescents at Greater Risk of Committing Suicide?

A final word

                Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue


 

Chapter 14 

Stress, Coping, and Well-Being

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Stress

                Stress: Reactions to threat and challenge

                Stressors:  What’s pleasure for you is stress for me

                Circumstances that produce the greatest stress

                Transitions  Does the Stress of Being Bullied in High School Continue into College?

                The high costs of stress

                Review and Apply

Coping with Stress

                Problem-focused and emotion-focused coping

                Social support: Leaning on others

                Defensive coping

                Opening up: Confronting one’s demons

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science  Reaping the Benefits of Expressive Writing

                Hardiness

                Resilience

                Cognitive approaches to coping: Thinking stress away

                Helping adolescents deal with stress:  Effective coping strategies

                Career Choices  Stress Reduction Therapist

                The benefits of stress

                Review and Apply

Well-Being and Happiness

                Making adolescents happy: The characteristics of happiness

                The course of happiness

                The components of happiness:  Fulfillment of psychological needs

                Adolescent Diversity  Cultural differences in well-being

                Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

 

 

Purchase Info ?

With CourseSmart eTextbooks and eResources, you save up to 60% off the price of new print textbooks, and can switch between studying online or offline to suit your needs.

Once you have purchased your eTextbooks and added them to your CourseSmart bookshelf, you can access them anytime, anywhere.

Buy Access

Adolescence, CourseSmart eTextbook
Format: Safari Book

$74.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-199862-9