(NOTE:

*Each section contains a Summary, Problems, and References*)

** 1. Fluid Properties.**

Concept of a Fluid. Fluid as a Continuum. Fluid Properties. Pressure Variation in a Static Fluid Medium. The Standard Atmosphere.

** 2. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics.**

Introduction to Fluid Dynamics. Conservation of Mass. Conservation of Linear Momentum. Applications to Constant-Property Flows. Reynolds Number and Mach Number as Similarity Parameters. Concept of the Boundary Layer. Conservation of Energy. First Law of Thermodynamics. Derivation of the Energy Equation.

** 3. Dynamics of an Incompressible, Inviscid Flow Field.**

Inviscid Flows. Bernoulli's Equation. Use of Bernoulli's Equation to Determine Airspeed. The Pressure Coefficient. Circulation. Irrotational Flow. Kelvin's Theorem. Incompressible, Irrotational Flow. Stream Function in a Two-Dimensional, Incompressible Flow. Relation Between Streamlines and Equipotential Lines. Superposition of Flows. Elementary Flows. Adding Elementary Flows to Describe Flow Around a Cylinder. Lift and Drag Coefficients as Dimensionless Flow-Field Parameters. Flow Around a Cylinder with Circulation. Source Density Distribution on the Body Surface. Incompressible, Axisymmetric Flow.

** 4. Viscous Boundary Layers.**

Equations Governing the Boundary Layer for a Steady, Two-Dimensional, Incompressible Flow. Boundary Conditions. Incompressible, Laminar Boundary Layer. Boundary-Layer Transition. Incompressible, Turbulent Boundary Layer. Eddy Viscosity and Mixing Length Concepts. Integral Equations for a Flat-Plate Boundary Layer. Thermal Boundary Layer for Constant-Property Flows.

** 5. Characteristic Parameters for Airfoil and Wing Aerodynamics.**

Characterization of Aerodynamic Forces and Moments. Airfoil Geometry Parameters. Wing-Geometry Parameters. Aerodynamic Force and Moment Coefficients. Wings of Finite Span.

** 6. Incompressible Flows around Airfoils of Infinite Span.**

General Comments. Circulation and the Generation of Lift. General Thin-Airfoil Theory. Thin, Flat-Plate Airfoil (Symmetric Airfoil). Thin, Cambered Airfoil. High-Lift Airfoil Sections. Multielement Airfoil Sections for Generating High Lift. High-Lift Military Airfoils.

** 7. Incompressible Flows about Wings of Finite Span.**

General Comments. Vortex System. Lifting-Line Theory for Unswept Wings. Panel Methods. Vortex Lattice Method. Factors Affecting Drag Due-to-Lift at Subsonic Speeds. Delta Wings. Leading-Edge Extensions. Asymmetric Loads on the Fuselage at High Angles of Attack. Flow Fields for Aircraft at High Angles of Attack.

** 8. Dynamics of a Compressible Flow Field.**

Thermodynamic Concepts. Adiabatic Flow in a Variable-Area Streamtube. Isentropic Flow in a Variable-Area. Characteristic Equations and Prandtl-Meyer Flow. Shock Waves. Viscous Boundary Layer.

** 9. Compressible, Subsonic Flows and Transonic Flows.**

Compressible, Subsonic Flow. Transonic Flow Past Unswept Airfoils. Swept Wings at Transonic Speeds. Forward Swept Wing. Transonic Aircraft.

**10. Two-Dimensional Supersonic Flows around Thin Airfoil.**

Linear Theory. Second-Order Theory (Busemann's Theory). Shock-Expansion Technique.

**11. Supersonic Flows Over Wings and Airplane Configurations.**

General Remarks About Lift and Drag. General Remarks About Supersonic Wings. Governing Equation and Boundary Conditions. Consequences of Linearity. Solution Methods. Conical-Flow Method. Singularity-Distribution Method. Design Considerations for Supersonic Aircraft. Some Comments About the Design of the SST and of the HSCT. Aerodynamic Interaction. Aerodynamic Analysis for Complete Configurations in a Supersonic Stream.

**12. Hypersonic Flows.**

Newtonian Flow Model. Stagnation Region Flow-Field Properties. Modified Newtonian Flow. High L/D Hypersonic Configurations-Waveriders. Aerodynamic Heating. A Hypersonic Cruiser for the Twenty-First Century? Importance of Interrelating CFD, Ground-Test Data, and Flight-Test Data.

**13. Aerodynamic Design Considerations.**

High-Lift Configurations. Circulation Control Wing. Design Considerations for Tactical Military Aircraft. Drag Reduction. Development of an Airframe Modification to Improve the Mission Effectiveness of an Existing Airplane. Considerations for Wing/Canard, Wing/Tail, and Tailless Configurations. Comments on the F-15 Design. The Design of the F-22.

**14. Tools for Defining the Aerodynamic Environment.**

CFD Tools. Establishing the Credibility of CFD Simulations. Ground-Based Test Programs. Flight-Test Programs. Integration of Experimental and Computational Tools: The Aerodynamic Design Philosophy.

**Appendix A: The Equations of Motion Written in Conservation Form.** **Appendix B: A Collection of Often Used Tables.** **Index**