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American Military History: A Survey from Colonial Times to the Present, CourseSmart eTextbook

By William T. Allison, Jeffrey G. Grey, Janet G. Valentine

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jun 17, 2009

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Description

For undergraduate courses in American Military History.

 

American Military History is uniquely tailored to American military history courses . It offers a foundation for undergraduate students in courses on American military history, as well as offers the flexibilty to add readings and sources to build a course.

 

It covers from the colonial period through the War on Terror, using a narrative and thematic approach. Key topics include the development of civilian control of the military; the American military at war; the professionalization of the American military; the use of American military power to achieve national strategic objectives; and the non-military uses of the American military throughout American history.

Table of Contents

 

Preface

 

CHAPTER 1 The First American Way of War 1

Chronology 1

Introduction 1

The American Colonies and the British Military Tradition 2

Colonial Militia and Military Organization 3

A Clash of Cultures 7

Virginia and the Powhatan 10

New England’s Pequot War 12

King Philip’s War 14

Conclusion 16

 

CHAPTER 2 The Colonies and Wars for Empire 18

Chronology 18

Introduction 18

The Colonies: Strategic Contours 19

King William’s War 20

Queen Anne’s War 22

King George’s War 25

The Great War for Empire (1756—1763) 28

Conclusion 41

 

CHAPTER 3 Independence and the Birth of a National Military 43

Chronology 43

Introduction 44

Toward a Break with Great Britain 44

The War for Independence 46

The Northern Phase (1775—1777) 48

The Southern Phase 1778—1781 51

The Naval War 54

The Final Campaign 56

The End of the Continental Army 58

A New Constitution 62

The Constitution and Military 63

Conclusion 64

 

CHAPTER 4 The Young Nation and Its Young Military Challenged 66

Chronology 66

Introduction 66

Building an Army 67

Fighting Indians and Insurrection 68

An Academy at West Point 73

Building a Navy 75

The Quasi War 76

Jefferson’s Gunboats 78

The Tripolitan War 79

The Chesapeake-Leopard Affair 84

The Hunger for Expansion 85

Florida and the Creek War 87

Conclusion 88

 

CHAPTER 5 The Second War of Independence 90

Chronology 90

Introduction 90

A Declaration of War 91

First Moves–Western Canada 92

The Niagara Campaign 98

The Campaign of 1814 102

The War Ends 109

The Beginnings of a Professional Military 110

Conclusion 112

 

CHAPTER 6 Agents of Empire 114

Chronology 114

Introduction 114

The Military and a Changing Nation 115

The Army and the West 115

The Naval Expeditions 122

Frontier Constabulary and Indian Affairs 129

Conclusion 134

 

CHAPTER 7 Toward a Professional Military 136

Chronology 136

Introduction 136

Napoleon and a Revolution in Warfare 137

War with Mexico 143

Conclusion 151

 

CHAPTER 8 The Civil War 153

Chronology 153

Introduction 154

Yanks and Rebs 154

Strategic and Technological Contours 155

Civil War Armies 157

The Eastern Theater: 1861—1863 158

The Western Theater–1861—1863 169

The Naval War 172

Grant Takes Command 173

Reconstruction 176

Conclusion 178

 

CHAPTER 9 Becoming a Modern Military 180

Chronology 180

Introduction 180

Indian Wars on the Frontier 181

Strike Duty 189

Growth of Professionalism 190

Building a Modern Navy 192

War with Spain 194

Insurrections and Rebellions 202

Conclusion 204

 

CHAPTER 10 “Over There” 206

Chronology 206

Introduction 206

Proving Ground:The Punitive Expedition 207

“Over There” 208

The Navy in the Great War 219

The American Air War 220

Impact of American Involvement in the Great War 220

Conclusion 222

 

CHAPTER 11 The Interwar Years 224

Chronology 224

Introduction 225

Postwar Duties 225

The Army of the United States 226

Doctrine for Airpower 228

First Line of Defense:The Fleet 232

The Marine Corps and the Development of Amphibious Warfare 234

War Planning 236

Conclusion 239

 

CHAPTER 12 A Second Great War 241

Chronology 241

Introduction 242

Preparing for War 242

The War in the Pacific 244

Mediterranean Theater and the Rise of American Leadership 248

Northwest Europe 1944—1945 252

Women and Minorities in the War Effort 257

The Bomb 258

Conclusion 259

 

CHAPTER 13 Postwar Reform and New Military Challenges 261

Chronology 261

Introduction 262

Defense Reorganization and Creation of an Independent Air Force 262

Revolt of the Admirals 263

Integration of the Armed Forces 264

Containment and the Military 266

The Korean War 270

Phase I:The United Nations Defensive (June 27—September 15, 1950) 272

Phase II:The United Nations Offensive (September 15—November 2, 1950) 273

Phase III:The Communist Chinese Forces (CCF) Intervention

(November 3—January 24, 1951) 274

Phase 4: First United Nations Counteroffensive (January 25—April 21,

1951) and Chinese Spring Offensive (April 22—July 8, 1951) 276

Phase 5: Fighting while Negotiating

 

CHAPTER 14 Challenges of the Cold War 282

Chronology 282

Introduction 282

Strategic Contours 283

NATO and Preparing for War in Europe 284

Eisenhower’s New Look 284

The Rise of Civilian Strategists 287

SIOPs 288

Regional Challenges 290

Indochina 290

Quemoy and Matsu 292

The Middle East 292

U-2 Shootdown 294

Kennedy and the Cold War 296

Building a Flexible Response 297

The Berlin Crisis 298

Missiles in Cuba 299

Conclusion 300

 

CHAPTER 15 Vietnam 302

Chronology 302

Introduction 303

Early American Involvement 303

The Advisors’ War 305

Americanizing the War 306

The Air Campaign 311

Naval Operations 311

Tet 312

Vietnamization 315

Peace with Honor 316

The American Experience in Vietnam 316

Conclusion 318

 

CHAPTER 16 Military Challenges in a Changing World 320

Chronology 320

Introduction 320

Toward a New Military 320

Reforming Training, Rethinking Doctrine 323

Cold War and the Military 325

Lebanon, Grenada, and Defense Reorganization 326

“No More Vietnams” 328

Peacekeeping and Nation Building 338

Conclusion 341

 

CHAPTER 17 Into the Twenty-First Century 343

Introduction 343

A New War 344

Operation IRAQI FREEDOM 346

Challenges for the Future 352

Conclusion 354

 

Index 355

 

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American Military History: A Survey from Colonial Times to the Present, CourseSmart eTextbook
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$27.40 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-133222-5