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Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 Plus MyLiteratureLab --Access Card Package, 10th Edition

By George McMichael, James S. Leonard, Shelley Fisher Fishkin, David Bradley, Dana D. Nelson

Published by Longman

Published Date: Jul 20, 2014

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Anthology of American Literature is available in two-volume and concise editions.  The carefully selected works introduce readers to America's literary heritage, from the colonial times of William Bradford and Anne Bradstreet to the contemporary era of Saul Bellow and Toni Morrison.   Volume II includes literary works from the late nineteenth century through the twenty-first century.  There is a new section on Literature of the Twenty-first Century with increased emphasis on current authors and context as well as a separate period introduction and timeline.  Period introductions and headnotes have been revised and updated and new selections have been added from a diverse group of writers.

 

 

Table of Contents

Preface xxiii

 

About the Editors xxvi

 

The Literature of Early America 1

Reading the Historical Context 14

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS (1451—1506) 14

Columbus’s Letter Describing His First Voyage 15

THOMAS HARIOT (1560—1621) 19

FROM A Brief and True Report of the Newfound Land of Virginia 19

ÁLVAR NÚÑEZ CABEZA DE VACA (C. 1490—C. 1557) 24

FROM The Journey of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca 25

JOHN WINTHROP (1588—1649) AND ANNE HUTCHINSON (1591—1643) 29

FROM The Examination of Mrs. Anne Hutchinson at the

Court at Newton 29

IROQUOIS LEAGUE 33

FROM The Constitution of the Five Nations 33

Reading the Critical Context 36

JOHN DRYDEN (1631—1700) 36

FROM Preface to Troilus and Cressida 37

ALEXANDER POPE (1688—1744) 38

FROM An Essay on Criticism 39

Literature of Early America 41

CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH (1580—1631) 41

FROM The General History of Virginia 43

The Third Book 43

Powhatan’s Discourse of Peace and War 54

FROM A Description of New England 55

DINÉ BAHANE’ 64

FROM Diné bahane’: The Navajo Creation Story 65

WILLIAM BRADFORD (1590—1657) 80

FROM History of Plymouth Plantation 81

FROM Chapter 1 81

FROM Chapter 3 83

FROM Chapter 4 84

FROM Chapter 7 86

FROM Chapter 9 87

FROM Chapter 10 90

FROM Book 2 92

FROM Chapter 36 103

THOMAS MORTON (C. 1579—1647) 104

FROM The New English Canaan 105

JOHN WINTHROP (1588—1649) 114

FROM The Journal of John Winthrop 115

A Model of Christian Charity 125

ROGER WILLIAMS (C. 1603—1683) 136

FROM A Key into the Language of America 137

FROM The Bloody Tenet of Persecution for the Cause of Conscience 142

To the Town of Providence 144

THE NEW ENGLANDPRIMER (C. 1683) 145

FROM The New England Primer 146

ANNE BRADSTREET (C. 1612—1672) 152

The Prologue 154

Contemplations 156

The Flesh and the Spirit 162

The Author to Her Book 165

Before the Birth of One of Her Children 165

To My Dear and Loving Husband 166

A Letter to Her Husband Absent Upon Public Employment 166

In Reference to Her Children, 23 June, 1659 167

In Memory of My Dear Grandchild Elizabeth Bradstreet 170

On My Dear Grandchild Simon Bradstreet 170

[On Deliverance] from Another Sore Fit 171

Upon the Burning of Our House, July 10th, 1666 171

As Weary Pilgrim 173

FROM Meditations Divine and Moral 174

MICHAEL WIGGLESWORTH (1631—1705) 177

FROM The Day of Doom 178

EDWARD TAYLOR (C. 1642—1729) 184

Prologue 185

FROM Preparatory Meditations 186

The Reflexion 186

Meditation 6 (First Series) 187

Meditation 8 (First Series) 188

Meditation 38 (First Series) 189

Meditation 39 (First Series) 191

Meditation 150 (Second Series) 192

FROM God’s Determinations 193

The Preface 193

The Joy of Church Fellowship Rightly Attended 194

Upon a Spider Catching a Fly 195

Upon Wedlock and Death of Children 197

Huswifery 198

The Ebb and Flow 198

A Fig for Thee Oh! Death 199

COTTON MATHER (1663—1728) 200

FROM The Wonders of the Invisible World 202

The Trial of Bridget Bishop 204

The Trial of Martha Carrier 208

A Third Curiosity 211

FROM Magnalia Christi Americana 211

A General Introduction 211

Galeacius Secundus 212

Thaumatographia Pneumatica 218

SAMUEL SEWALL (1652—1730) 220

The Selling of Joseph 221

FROM The Diary of Samuel Sewall 225

MARY ROWLANDSON (C. 1637—1711) 235

FROM A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration 235

EBENEZER COOKE (C. 1665—C. 1732) 252

The Sot-Weed Factor 253

SARAH KEMBLE KNIGHT (1666—1727) 270

The Journal of Madam Knight 271

WILLIAM BYRD II (1674—1744) 281

FROM The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover, 1709—1712 282

FROM The History of the Dividing Line 286

JOHN WOOLMAN (1720—1772) 292

FROM The Journal of John Woolman 293

JONATHAN EDWARDS (1703—1758) 301

Sarah Pierrepont 303

Personal Narrative 304

FROM A Divine and Supernatural Light 314

Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God 319

The Literature of the Eighteenth Century 331

Reading the Historical Context 341

CORRESPONDENCE 341

Thomas Jefferson to James Madison 342

Thomas Jefferson to John Adams 345

Abigail Adams to John Adams 348

John Adams to Abigail Adams 349

Benjamin Banneker to Thomas Jefferson 351

Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Banneker 354

THE FEDERALIST/ANTI-FEDERALIST CONTROVERSY 354

The Federalist No. 1 (Alexander Hamilton) 356

The Federalist No. 2 (John Jay) 359

The Federalist No. 10 (James Madison) 362

The Federalist No. 51 (James Madison) 367

Reading the Critical Context 370

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1706—1790) 370

Silence Dogood, No. 7 371

Literature of the Eighteenth Century 375

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1706—1790) 375

FROM The Autobiography 377

Silence Dogood, No. 2 424

Benjamin Franklin’s Epitaph 425

The Witches of Mount Holly 426

FROM Poor Richard’s Almanac, 1733 427

FROM Poor Richard’s Almanac, 1746 430

The Speech of Miss Polly Baker 432

Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind 434

Information to Those Who Would Remove to America 439

Speech in the Convention 445

An Address to the Public 446

SAMSON OCCOM (1723—1792) 447

FROM A Short Narrative of My Life 448

The Slow Traveller 453

A Morning Hymn 453

A Son’s Farewell 454

Conversion Song 454

Come All My Young Companions, Come 455

MICHEL-GUILLAUME-JEAN DE CRÈVECOEUR (1735—1813) 456

FROM Letters from an American Farmer 458

Letter III What Is an American? 458

Letter IX Description of Charleston 467

Letter XII Distresses of a Frontier Man 471

OLAUDAH EQUIANO (1745—1797) 480

FROM The Life of Olaudah Equiano 482

THOMAS PAINE (1737—1809) 498

FROM Common Sense 500

FROM The American Crisis 502

FROM The Age of Reason 508

THOMAS JEFFERSON (1743—1826) 515

The Declaration of Independence 518

FROM Notes on the State of Virginia 521

FROM Query V: Cascades 521

FROM Query VI: Productions Mineral, Vegetable and Animal 522

Query XIV: Laws 528

FROM Query XVII: Religion 541

FROM Query XVIII: Manners 543

FROM Query XIX: Manufactures 545

FROM The Autobiography of Thomas Jefferson 545

ROYALL TYLER(1757—1826) 560

The Contrast 562

PHILLIS WHEATLEY (1754?—1784) 603

On Virtue 604

To the University of Cambridge, in New England 604

On Being Brought from Africa to America 605

On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield. 1770. 606

On Imagination 607

To S. M. A Young African Painter, On Seeing His Works 608

To His Excellency General Washington 609

PHILIP FRENEAU (1752—1832) 611

The Power of Fancy 612

The Hurricane 616

To Sir Toby 617

The Wild Honey Suckle 619

The Indian Burying Ground 620

On Mr. Paine’s Rights of Man 621

On a Honey Bee 622

On the Universality and Other Attributes of the God of Nature 623

On the Religion of Nature 624

WILLIAM BARTRAM (1739—1823) 625

FROM Travels through North and South Carolina 626

JUDITH SARGENT MURRAY (1751—1820) 641

On the Equality of the Sexes 642

SUSANNA HASWELL ROWSON (1762—1824) 649

Slaves in Algiers 650

RED JACKET (C. 1750—1830) 683

The Indians Must Worship the Great Spirit in Their Own Way 684

The Literature of the Early- to Mid-Nineteenth Century 686

Reading the Historical Context 701

TECUMSEH (1768—1813) 701

Speech to the Osage Indians 701

WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON (1805—1879) 703

On the Constitution and the Union 703

STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS (1813—1861) 705

FROM Third Joint Debate, at Jonesboro 705

WOMENS RIGHTS CONVENTION, SENECA FALLS, NEW YORK (JULY 1848) 713

Declaration of Sentiments 713

Reading the Critical Context 715

EDGAR ALLAN POE (1809—1849) 715

FROM “Twice-Told Tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorne” [A Review] 716

The Philosophy of Composition 719

FROM The Poetic Principle 728

HERMAN MELVILLE (1819—1891) 733

FROM Hawthorne and His Mosses 733

Literature of the Early- to Mid-Nineteenth Century 739

WASHINGTONIRVING(1783—1859) 739

FROM The Sketch-Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. 741

The Author’s Account of Himself 741

Rip Van Winkle 743

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow 756

Traits of Indian Character 777

BLACK HAWK (1767—1838) 784

FROM Black Hawk’s Autobiography 784

WILLIAM APESS (1798—1839) 789

FROM A Son of the Forest 789

Eulogy on King Philip 796

ELIAS BOUDINOT (C.1802—1839) 801

An Address to the Whites 801

FROM The Cherokee Phoenix 811

PENINA MOÏSE (1797—1880) 816

To Persecuted Foreigners 817

The Mirror and the Echo 818

To a Lottery Ticket 818

AUGUSTUS BALDWINLONGSTREET (1790—1870) 819

The Fight 820

JAMES FENIMORE COOPER (1789—1851) 827

Preface to The Leather-Stocking Tales 829

FROM The Pioneers 832

FROM The Deerslayer 839

THOMAS BANGS THORPE (1815—1878) 856

The Big Bear of Arkansas 857

WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT (1794—1878) 865

Thanatopsis 867

The Yellow Violet 869

To a Waterfowl 870

To Cole, the Painter, Departing for Europe 871

To the Fringed Gentian 871

The Prairies 872

Abraham Lincoln 875

SOJOURNER TRUTH (1797?—1883) 875

Speech to the Women’s Rights Convention, Akron, Ohio 877

FROM Narrative of Sojourner Truth 878

EDGAR ALLAN POE (1809—1849) 880

Sonnet–To Science 883

To Helen 883

The City in the Sea 884

Sonnet–Silence 885

Lenore 886

The Raven 887

Annabel Lee 890

The Fall of the House of Usher 891

The Black Cat 904

Ligeia 911

The Tell-Tale Heart 922

The Purloined Letter 925

RALPH WALDO EMERSON (1803—1882) 938

Nature 940

The American Scholar 969

The Divinity School Address 982

Self-Reliance 994

The Poet 1011

The Rhodora 1026

Each and All 1026

Concord Hymn 1027

The Problem 1028

Ode 1030

Hamatreya 1033

Give All to Love 1034

Days 1036

Brahma 1036

Terminus 1037

NATHANIEL PARKER WILLIS (1806—1867) 1038

January 1, 1828 1039

January 1, 1829 1039

Lady in the White Dress, I Helped into the Omnibus 1040

MARIA STEWART (1803—1879) 1041

An Address Delivered Before The Afric-American Female

Intelligence Society of Boston 1042

GEORGE MOSES HORTON (1797—1883) 1046

On Liberty and Slavery 1047

The Lover’s Farewell 1048

On Hearing of the Intention of a Gentleman

to Purchase the Poet’s Freedom 1049

The Creditor to His Proud Debtor 1050

Division of an Estate 1051

Death of an Old Carriage Horse 1052

George Moses Horton, Myself 1053

MARGARET FULLER (1810—1850) 1054

FROM Woman in the Nineteenth Century 1056

NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE (1804—1864) 1067

Young Goodman Brown 1069

The Birth-Mark 1079

Rappaccini’s Daughter 1090

My Kinsman, Major Molineux 1110

The Maypole of Merry Mount 1124

The Minister’s Black Veil 1131

The Artist of the Beautiful 1141

Ethan Brand 1157

The Custom-House: Introductory to The Scarlet Letter 1167

The Scarlet Letter 1193

HERMAN MELVILLE (1819—1891) 1310

FROM Moby-Dick 1312

The Pulpit 1312

The Sermon 1314

The Mast-Head 1320

The Whiteness of the Whale 1324

Bartleby, the Scrivener 1329

Benito Cereno 1355

Billy Budd 1413

The Portent 1471

Shiloh 1472

Malvern Hill 1472

A Utilitarian View of the Monitor’s Fight 1473

The House-Top 1474

The Swamp Angel 1475

The College Colonel 1477

The Æolian Harp 1478

The Tuft of Kelp 1479

The Maldive Shark 1479

The Berg 1480

Art 1481

Greek Architecture 1481

LYDIA HOWARD HUNTLEY SIGOURNEY (1791—1865) 1481

Death of an Infant 1482

The Indian’s Welcome to the Pilgrim Fathers 1483

Indian Names 1484

LYDIA MARIA CHILD (1802—1880) 1485

Charity Bowery 1485

The Black Saxons 1490

Slavery’s Pleasant Homes 1497

The New England Boy’s Song about Thanksgiving Day 1501

JOSIAH HENSON (1789—1883) 1503

FROM The Life of Josiah Henson 1504

FREDERICK DOUGLASS (1818—1895) 1516

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass 1517

Letter to His Old Master 1577

What to the Slave is the Fourth of July? 1582

West India Emancipation 1585

HENRY DAVID THOREAU (1817—1862) 1594

Civil Disobedience 1596

Walden 1612

They Who Prepare my Evening Meal Below 1793

On Fields O’er Which the Reaper’s Hand Has Passed 1793

Smoke 1793

Conscience 1794

My Life Has Been the Poem 1795

WILLIAM GILMORE SIMMS (1806—1870) 1795

Grayling; or “Murder Will Out” 1796

HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW (1807—1882) 1819

A Psalm of Life 1820

The Arsenal at Springfield 1821

The Jewish Cemetery at Newport 1823

My Lost Youth 1825

Aftermath 1827

The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls 1827

FROM The Song of Hiawatha 1828

JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER (1807—1892) 1833

The Hunters of Men 1834

The Farewell 1836

Massachusetts to Virginia 1837

Toussaint l’Ouverture 1840

Song of Slaves in the Desert 1846

Barbara Frietchie 1848

E. D. E. N. SOUTHWORTH (1819—1899) 1850

The Thunderbolt to the Hearth 1852

JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL (1819—1891) 1865

To the Dandelion 1865

FROM The Biglow Papers, First Series 1867

FROM A Fable for Critics 1872

HARRIET BEECHER STOWE (1811—1896) 1881

FROM Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1883

FANNY FERN (1811—1872) 1901

Aunt Hetty on Matrimony 1903

Hints to Young Wives 1904

Owls Kill Humming-Birds 1905

The Tear of a Wife 1906

Mrs. Adolphus Smith Sporting the “Blue Stocking” 1907

Fresh Fern Leaves: Leaves of Grass 1907

Blackwell’s Island 1910

Blackwell’s Island No. 3 1912

Independence 1914

The Working-Girls of New York 1914

WILLIAM WELLS BROWN (1814—1884) 1916

The Escape 1916

HARRIET ANN JACOBS (1813—1897) 1952

FROM Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl 1953

JAMES M. WHITFIELD (1822—1871) 1980

America 1981

Self-Reliance 1985

ABRAHAM LINCOLN (1809—1865) 1987

To Horace Greeley 1988

Gettysburg Address 1989

Second Inaugural Address 1990

FRANCES E. W. HARPER (1825—1911) 1991

Bury Me in a Free Land 1992

To the Union Savers of Cleveland 1993

Eliza Harris 1994

The Slave Mother 1996

Learning to Read 1997

Aunt Chloe’s Politics 1998

LOUISA MAY ALCOTT (1832—1888) 1999

FROM Little Women 2002

FROM Hospital Sketches 2034

A Day 2034

A Night 2042

EMMA LAZARUS (1849—1887) 2052

In the Jewish Synagogue at Newport 2053

The New Colossus 2054

1492 2055

WALT WHITMAN (1819—1892) 2055

Preface to the 1855 Edition of Leaves of Grass 2057

Song of Myself 2072

FROM Inscriptions 2119

To You 2119

One’s-Self I Sing 2119

When I Read the book 2119

I Hear America Singing 2119

Poets to Come 2120

FROM Children of Adam 2120

From Pent-up Aching Rivers 2120

Out of the Rolling Ocean the Crowd 2122

As Adam, Early in the Morning 2122

Once I Pass’d Through a Populous City 2122

FROM Calamus 2123

What Think You I Take My Pen in Hand? 2123

I Saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing 2123

I Hear It Was Charged Against Me 2124

Crossing Brooklyn Ferry 2124

FROM Sea-Drift 2129

Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking 2129

FROM By the Roadside 2133

When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer 2133

The Dalliance of the Eagles 2134

FROM Drum-Taps 2134

Beat! Beat! Drums! 2134

Cavalry Crossing a Ford 2135

Bivouac on a Mountain Side 2135

Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night 2135

A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Gray and Dim 2136

The Wound-Dresser 2137

As I Lay with My Head in Your Lap Camerado 2139

FROM Memories of President Lincoln 2139

When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d 2139

FROM Autumn Rivulets 2146

There was a Child Went Forth 2146

Sparkles from the Wheel 2147

Passage to India 2148

FROM Whispers of Heavenly Death 2156

A Noiseless Patient Spider 2156

FROM From Noon to Starry Night 2156

To a Locomotive in Winter 2156

FROM Democratic Vistas 2157

EMILY DICKINSON (1830—1886) 2177

49 I never lost as much but twice 2179

67 Success is counted sweetest 2179

165 A Wounded Deer–leaps highest 2180

185 “Faith” is a fine invention 2180

210 The thought beneath so slight a film 2180

214 I taste a liquor never brewed 2180

216 Safe in their Alabaster Chambers 2181

241 I like a look of Agony 2181

249 Wild Nights–Wild Nights! 2182

258 There’s a certain Slant of light 2182

280 I felt a Funeral, in my Brain 2182

303 The Soul selects her own Society 2183

324 Some keep the Sabbath going to Church 2183

328 A Bird came down the Walk 2184

338 I know that He exists 2185

341 After great pain, a formal feeling comes 2185

401 What Soft–Cherubic Creatures 2185

435 Much Madness is divinest Sense 2186

441 This is my letter to the World 2186

449 I died for Beauty–but was scarce 2186

465 I heard a Fly buzz–when I died 2187

520 I started Early–Took my Dog 2187

585 I like to see it lap the Miles 2188

632 The Brain–is wider than the sky 2189

640 I cannot live with You 2189

670 One need not be a Chamber–to be Haunted 2190

709 Publication–is the Auction 2191

712 Because I could not stop for Death 2192

764 Presentiment–is that long Shadow–on the Lawn 2192

976 Death is a Dialogue between 2192

986 A narrow Fellow in the Grass 2193

1052 I never saw a Moor 2193

1078 The Bustle in a House 2194

1129 Tell all the truth but tell it slant 2194

1207 He preached upon “Breadth” till it argued him narrow 2194

1463 A Route of Evanescence 2195

1545 The Bible is an antique Volume 2195

1624 Apparently with no surprise 2196

1670 In Winter in my Room 2196

1732 My life closed twice before its close 2197

1755 To make a prairie it takes a clover and one bee 2197

1760 Elysium is as far as to 2197

Letters to T. W. Higginson 2198

 

Reference Works, Bibliographies 2200

 

Criticism, Literary and Cultural History 2203

 

Acknowledgments 2208

 

Index to Authors, Titles, and First Lines 2209

 

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ISBN-10: 0-13-395768-3

ISBN-13: 978-0-13-395768-6

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