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Arduino for Beginners: Essential Skills Every Maker Needs

By John Baichtal

Published by Que

Published Date: Nov 25, 2013

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Description

ARDUINO for BEGINNERS

ESSENTIAL SKILLS EVERY MAKER NEEDS

Loaded with full-color step-by-step illustrations!

 

Absolutely no experience needed!

 

Learn Arduino from the ground up, hands-on, in full color!

 

Discover Arduino, join the DIY movement, and build an amazing spectrum of projects… limited only by your imagination!

 

No “geekitude” needed: This full-color guide assumes you know nothing about Arduino or programming with the Arduino IDE. John Baichtal is an expert on getting newcomers up to speed with DIY hardware. First, he guides you gently up the learning curve, teaching you all you need to know about Arduino boards, basic electronics, safety, tools, soldering, and a whole lot more. Then, you walk step-by-step through projects that reveal Arduino’s incredible potential for sensing and controlling the environment–projects that inspire you to create, invent, and build the future!

 

·         Use breadboards to quickly create circuits without soldering

·         Create a laser/infrared trip beam to protect your home from intruders

·         Use Bluetooth wireless connections and XBee to build doorbells and more

·         Write useful, reliable Arduino programs from scratch

·         Use Arduino’s ultrasonic, temperature, flex, and light sensors

·         Build projects that react to a changing environment

·         Create your own plant-watering robot

·         Control DC motors, servos, and stepper motors

·         Create projects that keep track of time

·         Safely control high-voltage circuits

·         Harvest useful parts from junk electronics

·         Build pro-quality enclosures that fit comfortably in your home

 

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 Arduino Cram Session ................................................ 5

Arduino Uno: A Rookie-Friendly Microcontroller ............................5

Other Arduino Products ................................................................8

Electronics ....................................................................................9

    Light-Emitting Diodes ..............................................................11

    Buttons and Switches ...............................................................11

    Potentiometers ........................................................................12

    Resistors ..................................................................................13

    Capacitors ...............................................................................14

    Motors ....................................................................................15

    Solenoids .................................................................................16

    Piezo Buzzers ...........................................................................17

    Seven-Segment Displays ...........................................................18

    Relays ......................................................................................19

    Integrated Circuits ...................................................................20

    Temperature Sensors ................................................................21

    Flex Sensor...............................................................................22

    Light Sensor .............................................................................23

    Ultrasonic Sensor .....................................................................23

Safety Rules .................................................................................24

The Next Chapter ........................................................................26

Chapter 2 Breadboarding ......................................................... 27

Assembling Circuits Using Solderless Breadboards .......................27

    Understanding Power and Ground ...........................................30

    Using Jumper Wires .................................................................30

Project: Breadboard Blink ............................................................32

Project: Laser Trip Beam ..............................................................35

    Assembling the Laser Module ...................................................38

    Assembling the Sensor Module .................................................38

    Building the Enclosures ............................................................41

    Laser Trip Beam Code ..............................................................47

    Setting Up the Trip Beam .........................................................49

Alt.Project: Infrared Detector .......................................................50

    Wiring Up the PIR and Buzzer ..................................................51

    Infrared Detector Code ............................................................51

The Next Chapter ........................................................................52

Chapter 3 How to Solder ......................................................... 53

Gathering Soldering Supplies .......................................................55

    Picking a Soldering Iron............................................................55

    Choosing a Solder ....................................................................58

    Getting the Other Things You Need ..........................................59

        Desktop Vises ...............................................................................59

        Cutters and Strippers .....................................................................60

        Needle-Nose Pliers and Hemostats ..................................................61

        Fans or Fume Extractors .................................................................62

        ESD Protection .............................................................................62

        Solder Stand and Sponge ................................................................63

Soldering .....................................................................................64

Desoldering .................................................................................68

Cleanup ......................................................................................71

Project: LED Strip Coffee Table ....................................................72

    Preparing the Light Strip ..........................................................73

    Attaching the Light Strip to the Table .......................................75

Building the Enclosure .................................................................76

    Controlling the LED Strip .........................................................82

LED Strip Code ...........................................................................82

The Next Chapter ........................................................................90

Chapter 4 Setting Up Wireless Connections ............................... 91

XBee Wireless Modules ................................................................92

    XBee Versus XBee Pro ..............................................................92

    Series 1 Versus Series 2 ............................................................93

XBee Breakout Boards .................................................................93

Anatomy of the XBee ...................................................................94

Competing Wireless Modules.......................................................95

    Freakduino Chibi .....................................................................95

    JeeLabs JeeNode .......................................................................96

Project: Wireless LED Activation ..................................................96

Wireless LED Code ......................................................................99

Project: Bluetooth Doorbell .......................................................101

    The Button ............................................................................103

    Instructions for Wiring Up the Doorbell ..................................103

        Button Unit ................................................................................103

        Buzzer Unit ................................................................................105

    Building the Doorbell Enclosures ............................................107

        Button Unit Enclosure ..................................................................108

        Bending Acrylic ...........................................................................109

        Buzzer Unit Enclosure ..................................................................112

Wireless Doorbell Code .............................................................112

    Button Unit Code ..................................................................113

    Buzzer Unit Code ...................................................................114

The Next Chapter ......................................................................115

Chapter 5 Programming Arduino ............................................. 117

The Arduino Development Environment .....................................118

    Programming Window ..........................................................118

    Menus ...................................................................................120

        File Menu ...................................................................................120

        Edit Menu ..................................................................................120

        Sketch Menu...............................................................................121

        Tools Menu ................................................................................122

        Help Menu .................................................................................123

The Blink Sketch ........................................................................124

Learning from Example Code .....................................................127

    Adapt the Code .....................................................................128

    Finding Example Code ............................................................128

        Arduino Playground .....................................................................129

        Libraries.....................................................................................130

        Sharing Example Code .................................................................131

More Functions and Syntax........................................................133

    Arithmetic ..............................................................................133

    Arrays ....................................................................................133

    Comparison Operators ..........................................................134

    For ........................................................................................134

    Include ..................................................................................135

    Increment/Decrement ............................................................135

    Interrupts ..............................................................................135

    If/Else ....................................................................................136

    Mapping ................................................................................136

    Random.................................................................................136

    Switch/Case ...........................................................................137

    While .....................................................................................137

Debugging Using the Serial Monitor ..........................................137

All About Libraries.....................................................................139

Resources for Learning Programming .........................................141

    Books ....................................................................................141

    Websites ................................................................................141

The Next Chapter ......................................................................141

Chapter 6 Sensing the World ................................................. 143

Lesson: Sensors .........................................................................144

    Digital Versus Analog .............................................................145

        Digital .......................................................................................145

        Analog .......................................................................................145

    Connecting Digital and Analog Sensors ..................................146

Know Your Sensors ....................................................................146

    Accelerometer ........................................................................147

    Barometric .............................................................................147

    Encoder .................................................................................148

    Gas ........................................................................................148

    Hall Effect ..............................................................................149

    Infrared .................................................................................150

    Piezo Buzzer (Knock Sensor) ..................................................150

    Sound Sensors .......................................................................151

    Tilt Sensors ............................................................................151

Project: Mood Light...................................................................152

    Instructions............................................................................154

    Mood Lamp Code ..................................................................159

Alt.Project: Kerf Bending ...........................................................162

The Next Chapter ......................................................................163

Chapter 7 Controlling Liquid ................................................... 165

Lesson: Controlling the Flow of Liquid .......................................166

    Solenoid Valve .......................................................................166

    Pressurized Reservoir ..............................................................167

    Peristaltic Pump .....................................................................168

Mini Project: Make a Pressurized Reservoir ................................169

    Instructions............................................................................170

    Pressurized Reservoir Code .....................................................171

Project: Plant-Watering Robot ...................................................173

    Instructions............................................................................175

    Plant-Watering Robot Electronics ...........................................179

    Plant-Watering Robot Enclosure ............................................181

        Adding the Electronics ..................................................................182

    Plant-Watering Robot Code ...................................................185

The Next Chapter ......................................................................186

Chapter 8 Tool Bin ................................................................ 187

Maker’s Ultimate Toolbox .........................................................188

    Basic Multimeter ....................................................................188

    Multitool ...............................................................................189

    Measuring Tape .....................................................................190

    Soldering Iron .......................................................................190

    Digital Caliper ........................................................................191

    Scissors..................................................................................192

    X-Acto Knives .........................................................................192

    Screwdrivers ...........................................................................193

    Hardware...............................................................................193

    Wire Strippers ........................................................................194

    Super Glue .............................................................................195

    Mini Flashlight .......................................................................196

    Hot Glue Gun ........................................................................196

    Magnifying Glass ....................................................................197

    Writing Supplies.....................................................................197

    Sketchbook ............................................................................198

    Charging Cables .....................................................................198

Working with Wood ..................................................................200

    Laser Cutter ...........................................................................200

        How to Use a Laser Cutter ...........................................................201

    Rotary Tool ...........................................................................202

    Air Compressor and Attachments ...........................................203

    Drill .......................................................................................203

    CNC Mill ...............................................................................204

        Lasering and CNCing Services .......................................................205

    Table Saw ..............................................................................206

    Lathe .....................................................................................206

    Sander ...................................................................................207

Working with Plastic ..................................................................208

    3D Printers ............................................................................209

    LEGO ....................................................................................210

    Sugru .....................................................................................211

    Vacuum Former .....................................................................211

    Extruder .................................................................................212

    Tamiya ..................................................................................213

Working with Metal ...................................................................214

    Plasma Cutter ........................................................................215

    Band Saw ..............................................................................216

    Grinder ..................................................................................217

    Welder ...................................................................................218

    Aluminum Building Systems ...................................................219

        80/20 .......................................................................................219

        MicroRAX ..................................................................................220

        OpenBeam .................................................................................221

        Makeblock .................................................................................222

        VEX ...........................................................................................223

Maker Spaces ............................................................................224

Software....................................................................................228

    GIMP .....................................................................................228

    Inkscape ................................................................................229

    Fritzing ..................................................................................230

    KiCad PCB Layout Software ...................................................230

    MakerCase .............................................................................231

Electronics Tools and Techniques ..............................................232

    Multimeters ...........................................................................233

    Harvesting Electronics ............................................................235

    Electronics Marking ...............................................................238

        Part Numbers .............................................................................238

        Datasheets .................................................................................239

        Resistor Color Bands ...................................................................240

    Schematic Symbols ................................................................241

The Next Chapter ......................................................................242

Chapter 9 Ultrasonic Detection ............................................... 243

Lesson: Ultrasonic Detection .....................................................244

    Ultrasonic Sensor Applications ...............................................245

Mini Project: Make an Ultrasonic Night Light .............................245

    Ultrasonic Night Light Code ...................................................246

Project: Cat Toy ........................................................................247

    Instructions............................................................................250

    Enclosure ..............................................................................252

Lathe 101 ..................................................................................269

Lathe Safety ..............................................................................271

The Next Chapter ......................................................................272

Chapter 10 Making Noise ...................................................... 273

Noise in Electronics ...................................................................274

    Thingamagoop .......................................................................275

    Tactile Metronome .................................................................275

    LushOne Synth.......................................................................276

Mini Project: Pushbutton Melody ...............................................278

    Instructions............................................................................279

    Pushbutton Melody Code .......................................................280

Project: Noisemaker ..................................................................282

    Instructions............................................................................283

    Noisemaker Code...................................................................293

The Next Chapter ......................................................................294

Chapter 11 Measuring Time ................................................... 295

Time Server ............................................................................295

    Arduino’s Timer ....................................................................296

    Real-Time Clock (RTC) Module ..............................................297

Mini Project: Digital Clock .........................................................298

    Instructions............................................................................300

    Digital Clock Code .................................................................301

Project: Indoor Wind Chime ......................................................302

    Servo Horns ...........................................................................303

    Instructions............................................................................304

    Code .....................................................................................316

Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) Tools .........................318

The Next Chapter ......................................................................319

Chapter 12 Safely Working with High Voltage .......................... 321

Lesson: Controlling High Voltage ...............................................322

    PowerSwitch Tail ....................................................................322

    EMSL Simple Relay Shield ......................................................323

    Beefcake Relay Control Board ................................................324

Mini Project: Making a Fan Controller .......................................327

    Instructions............................................................................328

    Fan Controller Code ...............................................................329

Project: Making a Lava Lamp Buddy .........................................330

    Decoding Infrared ..................................................................331

    Instructions............................................................................332

    Lava Lamp Buddy Code ..........................................................335

The Next Chapter ......................................................................338

Chapter 13 Controlling Motors ............................................... 339

How to Control Motors .............................................................340

    Adafruit Motor Shield ............................................................340

    Shmalz Haus EasyDriver .........................................................341

    Bricktronics MegaShield .........................................................341

Powering Your Motor Using a TIP-120 .......................................342

Alt.Project: Stepper Turner ........................................................344

    Instructions............................................................................345

    Stepper Turner Code ..............................................................346

Project: BubbleBot ....................................................................347

    Instructions............................................................................349

    BubbleBot Code ....................................................................356

Glossary 359

 

9780789748836   TOC   11/1/2013

 

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ISBN-10: 0-13-341671-2

ISBN-13: 978-0-13-341671-8

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