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Biopsychology, 9th Edition

By John P.J. Pinel

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Oct 11, 2013

Description

Delves into how the central nervous system governs behavior

 

Biopsychology, 9/e, introduces the study of the biology of behavior; that is, the neural mechanisms of psychological processes in the central nervous system. This program combines biopsychogical science and student-oriented discussion, interweaving the basics of this specialized field with clinical case studies and exploring the personal and social implications that arise. The author encourages interactive learning and creative thinking. His clear and engaging presentation makes the material personally and socially relevant to readers.

 

MyPsychLab is an integral part of the Pinel program. Engaging activities and assessments provide a learning and teaching system that transforms students into scientific thinkers. With MyPsychLab, students can watch videos on psychological research and applications, participate in virtual classic experiments, and develop critical thinking skills through writing.

 

This title is available in a variety of formats - digital and print. Pearson offers its titles on the devices students love through Pearson's MyLab products, CourseSmart, Amazon, and more. To learn more about pricing options and customization.

Table of Contents

In this Section:

1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents


Brief Table of Contents

 

Part One:       What Is Biopsychology?

Chapter1:      Biopsychology as a Neuroscience

 

Part Two:      Foundations of Biopsychology

Chapter 2:     Evolution,Genetics, and Experience

Chapter 3:     Anatomy of the Nervous System

Chapter 4:     Neural Conduction and Synaptic Transmission

Chapter 5:     The Research Methods of Biopsychology

 

Part Three:   Sensory and Motor Systems

Chapter 6:     The Visual System

Chapter 7:     Mechanisms of Perception: Hearing,Touch, Smell, Taste, and Attention

Chapter 8:     The Sensorimotor System

 

Part Four:      Brain Plasticity

Chapter 9:     Development of the Nervous System

Chapter 10:   Brain Damage and Neuroplasticity

Chapter 11:   Learning, Memory, and Amnesia

 

Part Five:       Biopsychology of Motivation

Chapter 12:   Hunger, Eating, and Health

Chapter 13:   Hormones and Sex

Chapter 14:   Sleep, Dreaming, and Circadian Rhythms

Chapter 15:   Drug Addiction and the Brain’s Reward Circuits

 

Part Six:        Disorders of Cognition and Emotion

Chapter 16:   Lateralization, Language, and the Split Brain

Chapter 17:    Biopsychology of Emotion, Stress, and Health

Chapter 18:   Biopsychology of Psychiatric Disorders

 


Full Table of Contents

 

Part One:       What Is Biopsychology?

Chapter1:      Biopsychology as a Neuroscience

What Is Biopsychology?

What Is the Relation between

What Types of Research Characterize

What Are the Divisions of Biopsychology?

Converging Operations: How Do Biopsychologists Work Together?

Scientific Inference: How Do Biopsychologists Study the Unobservable Workings of the Brain?

Critical Thinking about Biopsychological Claims

 

Part Two:      Foundations of Biopsychology

Chapter 2:     Evolution,Genetics, and Experience

Thinking about the Biology of Behavior: From Dichotomies to Interactions

Human Evolution

Fundamental Genetics

Epigenetics of Behavioral Development:Interaction of Genetic Factors and Experience

Genetics of Human PsychologicalDifferences

 

Chapter 3:     Anatomy of the Nervous System

General Layout of the Nervous System

Cells of the Nervous System 56

Neuroanatomical Techniques and Directions

Spinal Cord 64

Five Major Divisions of the Brain

Major Structures of the Brain

 

Chapter 4:     Neural Conduction and Synaptic Transmission

Resting Membrane Potential

Generation and Conduction

Integration of Postsynaptic

Conduction of Action Potentials

Synaptic Transmission: Chemical Transmission of Signals among Neurons

Neurotransmitters

Pharmacology of Synaptic Transmission and Behavior

 

Chapter 5:     The Research Methods of Biopsychology

Methods of Visualizing and Stimulating the Living Human Brain

Recording Human Psychophysiological Activity

Invasive Physiological Research Methods

Pharmacological Research Methods

Genetic Engineering

Neuropsychological Testing

Behavioral Methods of Cognitive Neuroscience

Biopsychological Paradigms of Animal Behavior

 

Part Three:   Sensory and Motor Systems

Chapter 6:     The Visual System

Light Enters the Eye and Reaches the Retina

Retina and Translation of Light into Neural Signals

From Retina to Primary Visual Cortex

Seeing Edges

Seeing Color

Cortical Mechanisms of Vision and Conscious Awareness

 

Chapter 7:     Mechanisms of Perception: Hearing,Touch, Smell, Taste, and Attention

Principles of Sensory

The Auditory System

Somatosensory System: Touch and Pain

Chemical Senses: Smell and Taste

Selective Attention

 

Chapter 8:     The Sensorimotor System

Three Principles of Sensorimotor Function

Sensorimotor Association Cortex

Secondary Motor Cortex 194

Primary Motor Cortex

Cerebellum and Basal Ganglia

Descending Motor Pathways

Sensorimotor Spinal Circuits

Central Sensorimotor Programs and Learning

 

Part Four:      Brain Plasticity

Chapter 9:     Development of the Nervous System

Phases of Neurodevelopment

Postnatal Cerebral Development in Human Infants

Effects of Experience on Postnatal Development of Neural Circuits

Neuroplasticity in Adults

Disorders of Neurodevelopment: Autism and Williams Syndrome

 

Chapter 10:   Brain Damage and Neuroplasticity

Causes of Brain Damage

Neurological Diseases

Animal Models of Human

Responses to Nervous System Damage: Degeneration, Regeneration, Reorganization, and Recovery

Neuroplasticity and the Treatment of CNS Damage

 

Chapter 11:   Learning, Memory, and Amnesia

Amnesic Effects of Bilateral Medial Temporal Lobectomy

Amnesia of Korsakoff’s Syndrome

Amnesia of Alzheimer’s Disease

Amnesia after Concussion: Evidence for Consolidation

Evolving Perspective of the Role of the Hippocampus in Memory

Neurons of the Medial Temporal Lobes and Memory

Where Are Memories Stored?

Synaptic Mechanisms of Learning

Conclusion: Biopsychology of Memory and You

 

Part Five:       Biopsychology of Motivation

Chapter 12:   Hunger, Eating, and Health

Digestion, Energy Storage, and Energy Utilization

Theories of Hunger and Eating: Set Points versus Positive Incentives

Factors That Determine What, When, and How Much We Eat

Physiological Research on Hunger and Satiety

Body Weight Regulation: Set Points versus Settling Points

Human Obesity: Causes, Mechanisms, and Treatments

Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

 

Chapter 13:   Hormones and Sex

The Neuroendocrine System

Hormones and Sexual Development of the Body

Hormones and Sexual Development of Brain and Behavior

Three Cases of Exceptional Human Sexual Development

Effects of Gonadal Hormones on Adults

Brain Mechanisms of Sexual Behavior

Sexual Orientation and Sexual Identity

 

Chapter 14:   Sleep, Dreaming, and Circadian Rhythms

Stages of Sleep

Why Do We Sleep, and Why Do We Sleep When We Do?

Effects of Sleep Deprivation

Circadian Sleep Cycles

Four Areas of the Brain Involved in Sleep

Drugs That Affect Sleep

Sleep Disorders

Effects of Long-Term Sleep

 

Chapter 15:   Drug Addiction and the Brain’s Reward Circuits

Basic Principles of Drug Action

Role of Learning in Drug Tolerance

Five Commonly Abused Drugs

Early Biopsychological Research on Addictions

Current Approaches to the Mechanisms of Addiction

A Noteworthy Case of Addiction

 

Part Six:        Disorders of Cognition and Emotion

Chapter 16:   Lateralization, Language, and the Split Brain

Cerebral Lateralization of Function: Introduction

The Split Brain

Differences between the Left and Right Hemispheres

Evolutionary Perspective of Cerebral Lateralization and Language

Cortical Localization of Language: Wernicke-Geschwind Model

Wernicke-Geschwind Model: The Evidence

Cognitive Neuroscience of Language

Cognitive Neuroscience of Dyslexia

 

Chapter 17:    Biopsychology of Emotion, Stress, and Health

Biopsychology of Emotion: Introduction

Fear, Defense, and Aggression

Neural Mechanisms of Fear Conditioning

Brain Mechanisms of Human Emotion

Stress and Health

 

Chapter 18:   Biopsychology of Psychiatric Disorders

Schizophrenia

Affective Disorders: Depression and Mania

Anxiety Disorders

Tourette Syndrome

Clinical Trials: Development of New Psychotherapeutic Drugs

 

 

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