A best-selling, topically organized child development text, Berk’s Child Development is relied on in classrooms worldwide for its clear, engaging writing style, exceptional cross-cultural and multi-cultural focus, rich examples, and long-standing commitment to presenting the most up-to-date scholarship while also offering students research-based, practical applications that they can relate to their personal and professional lives.
Berk takes an integrated approach to presenting development in the physical, cognitive, emotional, and social domains; emphasizes the complex interchanges between heredity and environment; and provides exceptional attention to culture.
Laura Berk, renowned professor and researcher, presents the latest theories and findings in the field to students in a manageable and relevant way. Berk’s signature storytelling style invites students to actively learn beside the text’s “characters,” who experience real issues in development, including physical, cognitive, and peer challenges, as well as parenting and educational concerns. Berk also helps students connect their learning to their personal and professional areas of interest. Her voice comes through when speaking directly about issues students will face in their future pursuits as parents, educators, heath care providers, social workers, and researchers. As members of a global and diverse human community, students are called on to intelligently approach the responsibility of understanding and responding to the needs and concerns of children.
While carefully considering the complexities of child development, Berk presents classic and emerging theories in an especially clear, engaging writing style, with a multitude of research-based, real-world, and cross-cultural examples. Strengthening the connections among developmental domains and among theory, research, and applications, this edition's extensive revision brings forth the most recent scholarship, representing the changing field of child development.
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Table of Contents
Part I: Theory and Research in Child Development
1 History, Theory, and Applied Directions
The Field of Child Development
Recent Theoretical Perspectives
Comparing Child Development Theories
Applied Directions: Child Development and Social Policy
2 Research Strategies
From Theory to Hypothesis
Common Research Methods
Reliability and Validity: Keys to Scientifically Sound Research
General Research Designs
Designs for Studying Development
Part II: Foundations of Development
3 Biological Foundations, Prenatal Development, and Birth
Prenatal Environmental Influences
Approaches to Childbirth
Heredity, Environment, and Behavior: A Look Ahead
4 Infancy: Early Learning, Motor Skills, and Perceptual Capacities
The Organized Newborn
Motor Development in Infancy
Perceptual Development in Infancy
Early Deprivation and Enrichment: Is Infancy a Sensitive Period of Development?
5 Physical Growth
The Course of Physical Growth
Factors Affecting Physical Growth
Puberty: The Physical Transition to Adulthood
The Psychological Impact of Pubertal Events
Puberty and Adolescent Health
Part III: Cognitive and Language Development
6 Cognitive Development: Piagetian, Core Knowledge, and Vygotskian Perspectives
Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental Theory
The Sensorimotor Stage: Birth to 2 Years
The Preoperational Stage: 2 to 7 Years
The Concrete Operational Stage: 7 to 11 Years
The Formal Operational Stage: 11 Years and Older
Piaget and Education
The Core Knowledge Perspective
Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory
Vygotsky and Education
Evaluation of Vygotsky’s Theory
7 Cognitive Development: An Information-Processing Perspective
The Information-Processing Approach
General Models of Information Processing
Developmental Theories of Information Processing
Applications of Information Processing to Academic Learning
Evaluation of the Information-Processing Approach
Definitions of Intelligence
Recent Advances in Defining Intelligence
What Do Intelligence Tests Predict, and How Well?
Ethnic and Socioeconomic Variations in IQ
Explaining Individual and Group Differences in IQ
Early Intervention and Intellectual Development
Giftedness: Creativity and Talent
9 Language Development
Components of Language
Theories of Language Development
Prelinguistic Development: Getting Ready to Talk
Development of Metalinguistic Awareness
Bilingualism: Learning Two Languages in Childhood
Part IV: Personality and Social Development
10 Emotional Development
Functions of Emotions
Development of Emotional Expression
Understanding and Responding to the Emotions of Others
Temperament and Development
Development of Attachment
Attachment, Parental Employment, and Child Care
11 Self and Social Understanding
Emergence of Self and Development of Self-Concept
Self-Esteem: The Evaluative Side of Self-Concept
Constructing an Identity: Who Should I Become?
Thinking About Other People
Understanding Conflict: Social Problem Solving
12 Moral Development
Morality as Rooted in Human Nature
Morality as the Adoption of Societal Norms
Morality as Social Understanding
Development of Morally Relevant Self-Control
The Other Side of Self-Control: Development of Aggression
13 Development of Sex Differences and Gender Roles
Gender Stereotypes and Gender Roles
Influences on Gender Stereotyping and Gender-Role Adoption
To What Extent Do Boys and Girls Really Differ in Gender-Stereotyped Attributes?
Developing Non-Gender-Stereotyped Children
Part V: Contexts for Development
14 The Family
Origins and Functions of the Family
The Family as a Social System
Socialization Within the Family
Family Lifestyles and Transitions
Vulnerable Families: Child Maltreatment
15 Peers, Media, and Schooling
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