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Child Development through Middle Childhood: A Cultural Approach

By Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, Ashley Maynard

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Oct 22, 2012


Help students understand how culture impacts development - and why it matters.


Through current research and examples from around the world, Arnett/Maynard’s Child Development provides students with a more accurate and practical understanding of how development works in the real world. Whether they travel the globe or remain in their home towns, students will benefit from being able to think culturally about human development and our culturally diverse and globalized world. New U.S. and international videos, shot in several countries, allow students to observe similarities and differences in human development across cultures.

MyDevelopmentLab is an integral part of the Arnett/Maynard program. Key learning applications include a personalized study plan, MyDevelopmentLab Video Series, and MyVirtualChild.


A better teaching and learning experience

The teaching and learning experience with this program helps to:

  • Personalize Learning – MyDevelopmentLab is online learning. MyDevelopmentLab engages students through personalized learning and helps instructors from course preparation to delivery and assessment.
  • Understand Culture and Diversity – Extensive cultural coverage is woven into the narrative and on vivid display in images.
  • Improve Critical Thinking – Students will learn to think critically about the influence of culture on development. Learning objectives, listed at the start of each chapter and within every section, help students better organize and understand the material.
  • Engage Students – Research and examples on the similarities and differences in child development across cultures will fascinate students.
  • Explore Research – Students are presented with current research and examples from around the world.
  • Support Instructors – All supplements were developed around the textbook’s carefully constructed learning objectives.

Child Development: A Cultural Approach, covers prenatal development through adolescence and emerging adulthood and is available in hardcover, paperback, and à la Carte versions. It is also available in an abridged paperback version, Child Development through Middle Childhood.


Click here to view a sample chapter!


020594972X / 9780205949724 Child Development Plus New MyDevelopmentLab with eText

Package consists of

0205841074 / 9780205841073 Child Development: A Cultural Approach

0205206522 / 9780205206520 NEW MyDevelopmentLab with Pearson eText -- Access Card


Table of Contents

In this Section:
1) Brief Table of Contents

2) Full Table of Contents





Chapter 1: A Cultural Approach to Child Development

Chapter 2: Genetics and Prenatal Development

Chapter 3: Birth and the Newborn Child

Chapter 4: Infancy

Chapter 5: Toddlerhood

Chapter 6: Early Childhood

Chapter 7: Middle Childhood




Chapter 1: A Cultural Approach to Child Development



  Humanity Today: A Demographic Profile

  Variations Across Countries

  Variations Within Countries

  The Origins of Human Diversity

  Evolution and the Birth of Culture

  Human Evolution and Human Development Today


Section 2: theories of Human Development

  Classic Theories

  Psychodynamic Theories

  Behaviorism and Learning Theories

  Constructivist Theories

  Recent Theories

  Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory

  A Stage Model for This Book


Section 3: How We Study Human Development

  The Scientific Study of Human Development

  The Five Steps of the Scientific Method

  Ethics in Human Development Research

  Methods and Designs in Research

  Research Methods

  Research Designs

  Summing Up

CULTURAL FOCUS: Incredible India!

HISTORICAL FOCUS: Ancient Conceptions of Human Development

RESEARCH FOCUS: Darwin’s Diary 


Chapter 2: Genetics and Prenatal Development



  Genetic Basics

  Genotype and Phenotype

  The Sex Chromosomes

  Genes and Environment in Human Development

  Principles of Behavior Genetics

  Gene—Environment Interactions: Epigenesis and Reaction Ranges

  The Theory of Genotype ® Environment Effects

  Genes and Individual Development

  Sperm and Egg Formation




  Prenatal Development

  The Germinal Period (First 2 Weeks)

  The Embryonic Period (Weeks 3—8)

  The Fetal Period (Week 9—Birth)

  Prenatal Care

  Prenatal Care in Traditional Cultures

  Scientifically Based Prenatal Care




  Risks in the Prenatal Period

  Chromosomal Disorders

  Prenatal Diagnosis

  Infertility and Reproductive Technologies

  Causes of Infertility

  Infertility Treatments

  Infertility Worldwide

  Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Oskar and Jack: A Story of Genes, Environments, and Cultures

Historical Focus: How Are Babies Made?    

RESEARCH FOCUS: The Human Genome Project   


Chapter 3: Birth and the Newborn Child


Section 1: Birth and its Cultural Context

  The Birth Process

  Stages of the Birth Process

  Birth Complications

  Cultural and Historical Variations in Birth Beliefs and Practices

  Variations in Birth Beliefs

  Variations in Birth Practices

  Variations on Birth in the West

  Cultural Variations in Neonatal and Maternal Mortality


Section 2: The Neonate

  The Neonate’s Health

  Measuring Neonatal Health

  Low Birth Weight

  Physical Functioning of the Neonate

  Neonatal Sleeping Patterns

  Neonatal Reflexes

  Neonatal Senses


Section 3: Caring for the Neonate

  Nutrition: Is Breast Best?

  Evolutionary and Historical Perspectives on Breast Feeding

  Benefits of Breast Feeding

  Social and Emotional Aspects of Neonatal Care

  Crying and Soothing

  Bonding: Myth and Truth

  Postpartum Depression

  Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Easing Birth Among the Cuna Indians      

Historical Focus: The Tragic History of Doctor-Assisted Births in the 19th Century       

Research Focus: How Much Does Breast Feeding Matter?


Chapter 4: Infancy


Section 1: Physical Development

  Growth and Change in Infancy

  Bodily Growth

  Brain Development

  Sleep Changes

  Infant Health

  Nutritional Needs

  Infant Mortality

  Baby on the Move: Motor and Sensory Development

  Motor Development

  Sensory Development


Section 2: Cognitive Development

  Piaget’s Sensorimotor Stage

  The Sensorimotor Substages

  Object Permanence

  Evaluating Piaget’s Sensorimotor Theory

  Information Processing in Infancy



  Assessing Infant Development

  Approaches to Assessing Development

  Can Media Enhance Cognitive Development? The Myth of “Baby Einstein”

  The Beginnings of Language

  First Sounds and Words

  Infant-Directed (ID) Speech


Section 3: Emotional and Social Development


  Conceptualizing Temperament: Three Approaches


  Infants’ Emotions

  Primary Emotions

  Infants’ Emotional Perceptions

  The Social World of the Infant

  Cultural Themes of Infant Social Life

  The Foundation of Social Development: Two Theories

  Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Infant Care in Rural Turkey

Historical Focus: Protecting Infants the Puritan Way       

Research Focus: Measuring Temperament 


Chapter 5: Toddlerhood


Section 1: physical development

  Growth and Change in Years 2 and 3

  Bodily Growth

  Brain Development

  Sleep and (More) Teething

  Motor Development

  Socializing Physical Functions: Toilet Training and Weaning

  Toilet Training



Section 2: cognitive development

  Cognitive Development Theories

  Cognitive Development in Toddlerhood: Piaget’s Theory

  Vygotsky’s Cultural Theory of Cognitive Development

  Language Development

  The Biological and Evolutionary Bases of Language

  Milestones of Toddler Language: From First Words to Fluency

  Learning Language in a Social and Cultural Context


Section 3: emotional and social development

  Emotional Development in Toddlerhood

  Toddlers’ Emotions

  The Birth of the Self

  Gender Identity and the Biology of Gender Development

  One Special Person: Attachment Theory and Research

  Attachment Theory

  Quality of Attachment

  Critiques of Attachment Theory

  The Social World of the Toddler

  The Role of Fathers

  The Wider Social World: Siblings, Peers, and Friends

  Autistic Spectrum Disorders: A Disruption in Social Development

  Media Use in Toddlerhood

  Summing Up

CULTURAL FOCUS: Toddlerhood in Aboriginal Australia     

Historical Focus: The History of Toilet Training     

RESEARCH FOCUS: Early Child Care and Its Consequences        


Chapter 6: Early Childhood



  Growth from Age 3 to 6

  Bodily Growth

  Brain Development and “Infantile” Amnesia

  Health and Safety in Early Childhood

  Motor Development

  Gross and Fine Motor Skills




  Theories of Cognitive Development

  Piaget’s Preoperational Stage of Cognitive Development

  Understanding Thinking: The Development of “Theory of Mind”

  Cultural Learning in Early Childhood

  Early Childhood Education

  The Importance of Preschool Quality

  Cross-National Variations

  Preschool as a Cognitive Intervention

  Language Development

  Advances in Vocabulary and Grammar

Pragmatics: Social and Cultural Rules of Language



  Emotional Regulation and Gender Socialization

  Emotional Regulation

  Moral Development

  Gender Development


  Parenting “Styles”

  Parenting in Other Cultures

  Discipline and Punishment

  The Child’s Expanding Social World

  Siblings and “Only Children”

  Peers and Friends

  Media Use in Early Childhood

Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Shyness in China and Canada      

Historical Focus: Beat a Child, Save a Soul

Research Focus: The Montessori Preschool Program       


Chapter 7: Middle Childhood


Section 1: physical development

  Growth in Middle Childhood

  Physical Growth and Sensory Development

  Nutrition and Malnutrition

  Illness and Injuries

  Motor Development

  Gross Motor Development Fine

  Motor Development


Section 2: cognitive development

  Theories of Cognitive Development

  Concrete Operations

  Information Processing

  Intelligence and Intelligence Tests

  Learning the Cognitive Skills of School: Reading and Mathematics

  Language Development

  Vocabulary, Grammar, and Pragmatics


  School in Middle Childhood

  Cultural Variations in School Experiences

  Learning the Cognitive Skills of School: Reading and Mathematics


Section 3: emotional and social development

  Emotional and Self-Development

  Smooth Sailing: Advances in Emotional Self-Regulation


  Gender Development

  The Social and Cultural Contexts of Middle Childhood

  Family Relations

  Friends and Peers


  Media Use

Summing Up

Cultural Focus: School Socialization in Guatemala 

Historical Focus: Work Among British Children in the 19th Century        

Research Focus: TV or Not TV       

Cultural Focus: The Young Men of Truk Island      

Historical Focus: Gender and Cognitive Development in Emerging Adulthood     

RESEARCH FOCUS: Graduated Driver Licensing    



Practice Tests Answer Key  




Name Index  

Subject Index


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Package ISBN-13: 9780205969913

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