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Cities and Urban Life, CourseSmart eTextbook, 5th Edition

By John J. Macionis, Vincent N. Parrillo

Published by Pearson

Published Date: May 22, 2009

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For Urban Sociology, Urban Political Economy, Urban Anthropology, and Urban Studies courses taught out of the sociology, political science and urban studies departments. 


Cities and Urban Life, authored by two of the best-known textbook writers in the field, provides a comprehensive introduction to urban sociology, urban anthropology, and urban studies courses. Primarily sociological in approach, this book incorporates historical, social, psychological, geographical, and anthropological insights. While strong in the classical urban sociology, it also gives extensive attention to the "new" political economy approach to urban studies. Also, the authors use global cities as case studies for more relevance to students.

Table of Contents







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Part  I Understanding the City, ITS ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT

Chapter 1: Exploring the City 

Chapter 2: The Origins and Development of the World’s Cities

Chapter 3: The Development of North American Cities 

Chapter 4: Today’s Cities and Suburbs 


Part  II Disciplinary Perspectives

Chapter 5: Urban Sociology: Classic and Modern Statements 

Chapter 6: Spatial Perspectives: Making Sense ofSpace 

Chapter 7: Critical Urban Sociology

Chapter 8: Social Psychology: The Urban Experience 

Chapter 9: Comparative Urbanism: The City and Culture 


Part  III The Structure of the City

Chapter 10: Stratification and Social Class: Urban and SuburbanLifestyles

Chapter 11: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender: UrbanDiversity 

Chapter 12:  Housing, Education, Crime: Confronting Urban Problems 


Part  IV  Global Urban Developments

Chapter 13: Cities in the Developing World

Chapter 14: Planning the Urban Environment





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Part I : Understanding the City, ITS ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT


Chapter 1 Exploring the City 

 Why Study the City?

 Urbanization as a Process

 Levels of Urbanization

 Urbanism as a Way of Life

 The Complexity of the City: Various Perspectives

 The City in History

 The Emergence of Urban Sociology

 Critical Urban Sociology: The City and Capitalism

 Social Psychology: The Urban Experience

 Geography and Spatial Perspectives

 Comparative Urbanism: The City and Culture

 The Anatomy of Modern North American Cities

 The City in Global Perspective

 The Quality of City Life

 Key Terms

 Internet Activities


Chapter 2 The Origins and Development of the World’s Cities

 Urban Origins

 Archaeology: Digging the Early City

 The First Permanent Settlements

 The City Emerges

 The First Urban Revolution: City-States and Urban Empires

 The Near East: Mesopotamia and Egypt  

 The Indus Region 

 A Glance Eastward: China 

 A Glance Westward: The Americas

 Summary: Traits of Early Cities 

 Crete and Greece


 Decline: The Middle Ages

 Revival: Medieval and Renaissance Cities 

 The Second Urban Revolution: The Rise of Modern Cities

  Case Study: London–The History of a World City 

 Beginnings: 55 b.c.e—1066 c.e.

 The Medieval City: 1066—1550

 The World City Emerges: 1550—1800 

 Industrialization and Colonization: 1800—1900

 The Modern Era: 1900 to the Present



 Key Terms  

 Internet Activities


Chapter 3 The Development of North American Cities 

 The Colonial Era: 1600—1800

 Colonial City Characteristics 

 The City-Instigated Revolutionary War

 Growth and Expansion: 1800—1870

 The Beginnings of Industrialization 

 Urban—Rural/North—South Tensions 

 The Era of the Great Metropolis: 1870—1950

 Technological Advance 

 Suburbs and the Gilded Age

 The Great Migration

 Politics and Problems 

 The Quality of Life in the New Metropolis

 The North American City Today: 1950 to the Present 


 The Sunbelt Expansion

 The Coming of the Postindustrial City

 Deterioration and Regeneration

 The Future

 The Human Cost of Economic Restructuring

 Case Study: New York–The “Big Apple” 

 The Colonial Era 

 Growth and Expansion

 The Great Metropolis Emerges 

 New York Today



 Key Terms

 Internet Activities


Chapter 4 Today’s Cities and Suburbs

 Urban and Suburban Sprawl

 What Is Sprawl? 

 Why Do We Have Sprawl?

 Sprawl Consequences

 Smart Growth

 Land Purchases

 Urban Growth Boundaries

 Revitalizing Existing Cities and Towns 

 Transit-Oriented Approaches


 The New Cities

 Characteristics and Commonalities

 Types of Edge Cities

 Evolving Middle-Class Centers

 Three Edge City Variations

 Gated Communities 

 Types of Gated Communities

 A Sense of Community 

 Common-Interest Developments  

 Case Study: Portland, Oregon

 The Physical Setting


 Urban Decline and the Planners’ Response to Sprawl

 Portland Today



 Key Terms

 Internet Activities  


Part  II: Disciplinary Perspectives

Chapter 5 Urban Sociology: Classic and Modern Statements

 The European Tradition: 1846—1921 

 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: From Barbarism to Civilization

 Ferdinand Tönnies: From Gemeinschaft to Gesellschaft

 Emile Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity

 Georg Simmel: The Mental Life of the Metropolis

 Max Weber: The Historical and Comparative Study of Cities

 The European Tradition: An Evaluation

 Urban Sociology in North America: 1915—1970 

 Robert Park and Sociology at the University of Chicago

 Louis Wirth and Urban Theory 

 Herbert Gans and the Urban Mosaic

 Wirth and Gans: A Comparison

 The Classic Theories and Modern Research: Myths and Realities 

 Tolerance in the City

 Impersonality in the City 

 Density and Urban Pathology

 Urban Malaise

 New Directions in Urban Sociology



 Key Terms  

 Internet Activities


Chapter 6 Spatial Perspectives: Making Sense of Space 

 Urban Geography

 The Location of Cities

 Why Cities Are Where They Are

 The Shape of the City 

 The Radiocentric City

 The Gridiron City 

 Urban Ecology

 Concentric Zones 


 Multiple Nuclei


 Social Area Analysis and Mapping

 GIS Mapping


 The Los Angeles School and Postmodernism

 Building Blocks

 Main Arguments




 Key Terms

 Internet Activities 


Chapter 7 Critical Urban Sociology 

 Urban Economics: The Traditional Perspective

 Central Place Theory 

 The General Pattern of Land Use


 Political Economy: The “New” Perspective  

 Henri Lefebvre: Redefining the Study of Cities

 Urban Areas as Themed Environments

 David Harvey: The Baltimore Study

 Manuel Castells: Updating Marx

 Allen Scott: Business Location and the Global Economy

 John Logan and Harvey Molotch: Urban Growth Machines

 The Global Economy


 Economic Restructuring 

 World-Systems Analysis

 Urban Political Economy: Four Principles

 The Urbanization of Poverty

 The Developing World

 The Developed World



 Key Terms

 Internet Activities


Chapter 8 Social Psychology: The Urban Experience 

 The Physical Environment

 Kevin Lynch: The Image of the City

 Stanley Milgram: More on Mental Maps  

 The Social Environment: Gesellschaft

 The Pedestrian: Watching Your Step

 A World of Strangers 

 Class, Race, and the Urban Experience

 The City as Gesellschaft: A Reassessment 

 The Social Environment: Gemeinschaft

 Urban Networks 

 Identifying with the City 

 The City as Gemeinschaft: A Reassessment

 The Texture of the City

 Humanizing the City

 Social Movements and City Life

 Suburban Life

 The Stereotypes

 The Physical Environment

 The Social Environment 



 Key Terms  

 Internet Activities


Chapter 9 Comparative Urbanism: The City and Culture 

 The City and the Countryside 


 Urban Dominance

 The City and Civilization 

 Oswald Spengler: The “Soul” of the City 

 Lewis Mumford: The City as the Center of Civilization

 Daniel J. Monti: The Civic Culture of the City 

 The City and Societal Culture 

 Case Study: Ming Peking  

 Physical Structure


 Case Study: Hellenic Athens 

 The Preclassical Period 

 The Golden Age 

 Behind the Glory 

 Ming Peking and Athens: A Comparison 

 The Culture of Capitalism and the City

 The Capitalist City

 The Industrial Revolution

 Urban Life as Economics

 Assets and Debits

 Case Study: Communist Beijing

 The Emergence of Modern Beijing

 Urban Life as Politics 

 The Difficulties of Urban Life 

 Economic Reform and Environmental Issues

 A Rising Consumerism



 Key Terms

 Internet Activities


Part  III: The Structure of the City


Chapter 10 Stratification and Social Class: Urban and Suburban Lifestyles

 Social Stratification 

 Social Class Distinctions 

 Income Distribution Nationwide

 Incomes Within and Outside Cities

 Poverty Nationwide

 Poverty Within and Outside Cities 

 A Cautionary Note 

 Urban Social Class Diversity

 Upper-Class Urban Neighborhoods 

 Middle-Class Urban Neighborhoods

 Working-Class Urban Neighborhoods

 Mixed-Income Urban Neighborhoods 

 Low-Income Urban Neighborhoods 

 The Homeless 

 Suburban Social Class Diversity

 Upper-Income Suburbs 

 Middle-Income Suburbs

 Working-Class Suburbs 

 Suburban Cosmopolitan Centers  

 Minority Suburbs 



 Key Terms  

 Internet Activities


Chapter 11 Race, Ethnicity, and Gender: Urban Diversity 

 Cities and Immigrants

 Ethnic Enclaves and Ethnic Identity

 Ethnic Change 

 Racial and Ethnic Minorities





 Native Peoples

 Women and Urban Life


 Urban Space

 The Public Sphere

 Case Study: Chicago, “City of the Big Shoulders”

 Early Chicago 

 The Burning and Rebuilding of Chicago

 Jane Addams and Hull House

 Chicago in the Early Twentieth Century

 The Postwar Period

 Chicago Today



 Key Terms

 Internet Activities


Chapter 12 Housing, Education, Crime: Confronting Urban Problems 

 Housing: A Place to Live

 Adequate Housing: Who Has It?  

 Housing Problems: A Brief History

 Public Housing

 Deterioration and Abandonment in the Inner City

 The Inner City Today: A Revival?

 The New Urbanism 

 Education: The Urban Challenge

 Meeting the “No Child Left Behind” Challenge

 Magnet Schools  

 School Vouchers 

 Charter Schools  

 Crime: Perception and Reality

 Public Perception of Crime 

 Explaining High-Crime Areas

 Effects of Crime on Everyday Life 

 What Is the Solution? 



 Key Terms

 Internet Activities


Part  IV: Global Urban Developments

Chapter 13 Cities in the Developing World

 Latin American Cities 

 Early Cities

 European Dominance 

 Modern Cities 

 African Cities

 Early Cities 

 European Dominances 

 Modern Cities

 Middle Eastern Cities 

 Islamic Cities

 European Dominance

 Modern Cities

 Asian Cities




 Southeast Asia

 Common Legacies

 Economic Legacies

 Political Legacies 

 Common Problems

 Spiraling Populations

 Quality of Life





 Key Terms

 Internet Activities


Chapter 14 Planning the Urban Environment


 City Planning in World History

 Why Plan?

 Planning in the Industrial Era: 1800—1900 

 The “City Beautiful” Movement

 The New Towns Movement

 A Socialist—Feminist New Town  

 British New Towns 

 New Towns Worldwide 

 New Towns in North America 

 What Makes New Towns Succeed or Fail?

 Architectural Visions

 The Radiant City 

 Broadacre City

 The Arcology


 Utopia’s Limitations

 More Focused Urban Planning

 Sidewalks and Neighborhoods 

 Squares and Parks

 The Middle Ground

 The Realities of Urban Planning 

 Economics and Politics

 The Importance of Values

 Case Study: Toronto, Ontario

 The Physical Setting


 Creation of a Metropolitan Government

 Two Phases of Urban Planning 

 Toronto Today



 Key Terms  



Photo Credits


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Cities and Urban Life, CourseSmart eTextbook, 5th Edition
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$55.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-205-64534-3