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Clinical Psychology: A Modern Health Profession

By Wolfgang Linden, Paul Hewitt

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Mar 4, 2011

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Description

Introduces students to Clinical Psychology by portraying the field as a health profession that uses cognition, emotion and somatic principles to help understand, assess and modify health showcasing the field in its reality.

 

For undergraduate sophomore/junior level Clinical Psychology courses.

 

The authors approached the task as beginning with an appreciation for the problems that the profession needs to solve which makes it easy to relate to them as ‘real’. This book is distinct because it

  • Has a fresh approach to learning, encouraging problem solving rather than lecturing
  • Offers an international perspective
  • Views clinical psychology as an integrative health care profession and not just a mental health care field
  • Integrates social and biological bases of behavior
  • Presents material pertaining to the realities of being a clinical psychologist.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1

    Chapter Organization

    Describing the profession

    The challenges and responsibilities of four different psychologists
    A Clinical Psychology student
    Clinical Psychologist A - working in a general hospital setting
    Clinical Psychologist B - working in a private practice setting

    Clinical Psychologist C - working in an academic setting

    Practice realities in Clinical Psychology

    Conclusion

    • Chapter 2

    Chapter objective

    Considerations for career planning

    Concrete planning steps

    Maximizing your academic preparation and building the best

    Possible application package for graduate training

    Application Forms

    Grade Point Averages

    Graduate Record Examination (GRE)

    The statement of interest

    Letters of reference

    Research or clinical experience?

    Timing Issues

    Surviving graduate school

    Getting licensed

    Getting the most of graduate school

    Post-doctoral training

    Getting licensed

    Conclusions

    • Chapter 3

    Chapter Objective

    Chapter Organization

    Properties of psychological tests

    Reliability

    Validity

    How should tests be described with respect to their

    reliability and validity?

    Measuring change in therapy

    Methods used to learn about therapy outcome:

    Case studies

    Therapy outcome research

    Qualitative research

    Program Evaluation

    • Chapter 4

    Objectives

    Setting the tone

    Defining what ethical behavior is

    Our Profession’s Commitment to Ethical Standards of Practice

    Legal facts and Ethics

    Practice Guidelines/Codes of Conduct

    Custody and Access Reports: necessary and contentious

    Codes of Ethics

    General Principles

    Conclusion

    • Chapter 5

    Objective of This Chapter

    Vignettes 1-4

    Psychological Problems that Clinical Psychologists Focus On

    Defining Psychological Problems

    Statistical or Normative Approach

    Subjective Interpretation (psychological pain)

    Judgments of Maladaptive Functioning

    Issues in Defining Psychological Problems

    Some Concepts in Defining Psychological Problems

    Sign

    Symptom

    Syndrome

    Mental Disorder

    Psychological Problems: What processes are affected?

    Emotions and Emotional Regulation

    Thoughts/Cognitions, Intellectual Functioning, Information Processing

    Perceptions

    Interpersonal Processes

    Regulatory or Coping Behavior

    Development

    Environment

    Conceptualizations of Psychological Problems

    Philosophical underpinnings of Orientations to Psychopathology

    Symptom as Focus

    Underlying Cause as Focus

    Current Conceptualizations of Psychopathology

    Diagnostic Classification Systems

    Descriptions

    Communication

    Research

    Theory Development

    Treatment

    Education

    Insurance and Reimbursement

    Epidemiological Information

    Specific Current Classification Systems

    International Classification of Diseases — 10

    Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Ed Text Revision

    The Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual

    The Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnostics

    Summary

    Ongoing Considerations

    Key Terms Learned

    Thinking Questions

    • Chapter 6

    Objective of This Chapter

    Vignettes 1-3

    What is Psychological Assessment?

    Psychological Testing versus Psychological Assessment

    Psychological Assessment in Practice and Training

    Purpose of Assessment

    The Tools of Psychological Assessment

    Types of Psychological Assessment

    Psychodiagnostic Assessment

    Intellectual/Cognitive

    Behavioral

    Health

    Psychophysiological

    Rehabilitative

    Forensic

    Goals of Assessment

    Problem Explication

    Formulation

    Prognosis

    Treatment Issues and Recommendations

    Provision of Therapeutic Context

    Communication of Findings

    Research

    Importance of Context

    Interpretation, Decision Making, and Prediction

    Qualitative or Actuarial Approach

    Clinical Judgment or Subjective Approach

    Clinical Decision Making and Errors in Judgment

    Base Rate Issue

    Barnum Effect

    Illusory Correlation

    Preconceived Ideas and Confirmatory Bias

    Inappropriate Use of Heuristics

    Summary

    Ongoing Considerations

    Key Words Learned

    Thinking Questions

    • Chapter 7

    Objective of This Chapter

    Psychodiagnostic Assessment

    What are the tests and tools used in psychodiagnostic assessment?

    Clinical Interviews

    Unstructured Interviews

    Pros of Unstructured Interviews

    Cons of Unstructured Interviews

    Structured Interviews

    Pros of Structured Interviews

    Cons of Unstructured Interviews

    Objective Tests: Self-Report Inventories

    Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and MMPI-2

    Validity Scales

    Clinical Scales

    Interpretation

    Reliability and Validity

    Pros of MMPI-2

    Cons of MMPI-2

    MMPI-A

    Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventories

    Pros of the MCMI-III

    Cons of the MCMI-III

    Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI)

    Rating Scales

    Projectives

    Rorschach Inkblot Technique

    Reliability and Validity

    Pros of the RIT

    Cons of the RIT

    Thematic Apperception Test (Technique)

    Reliability and Validity

    Pros of the TAT

    Cons of the TAT

    Drawing Tasks

    Reliability and Validity

    Pros of the Drawing Tasks

    Cons of the Drawing Tasks

    Summary

    Key Terms Learned

    Ongoing Considerations

    Thinking Questions

    • Chapter 8

    Intellectual Assessment

    Purpose of Intellectual Assessment

    Domains Assessed in Intellectual Assessment

    G Model or the Psychometric Approach

    Multiple Intelligences

    Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences

    What is IQ?

    Intelligence Tests

    Stanford-Binet Scale

    Stanford-Binet 5 (SB-5)

    Wechsler Scales of Intelligence

    Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV (WAIS-IV)

    Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV (WISC-IV)

    Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-III (WPPSII-II)

    Interpreting and Using Intelligence Test Scores

    Clinical Neuropsychology and Neuropsychological Evaluations

    Purposes of Neuropsychological Assessment

    Assumptions Underlying Neuropsychological Assessment

    Domains Important to Assess

    How is a Neuropsychological Evaluation Done?

    Neuropsychological Tests: Fixed Batteries

    Halstead Reitan

    Pros of the Halstead Reitan

    Cons of the Halstead Reitan

    Luria Nebraska

    NEPSY-III: A Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment

    Neuropsychological Testing: Process Approach

    Summary

    Key Terms Learned

    Ongoing Considerations

    Thought Questions

     

    • Chapter 9

    Chapter objectives

    Behavioral Assessment

    Rationale and basic principles

    Validity and ethics in implementation and interpretation

    What can be done to maximize the usefulness of observations? Tips for strengthening observational methods

    Self-Monitoring

    Summary

    Biological Assessment

    Physiological systems

    Measurement of physiological activity
    Reliability and validity

    Application

    Summary

    Conclusion

    • Chapter 10

    Objective

    Defining Psychotherapy

    The Therapy Environment

    Homework assignments

    Therapy length

    Multi-client therapy

    Elements in the process of therapy

    The Client

    The Therapist

    The Technique

    The Alliance

    Typical presenting problems

    The therapeutic relationship

    Cultural competence in clinical psychology

    Conclusion

    • Chapter 11

    Objective of this chapter

    Psychoanalysis

    Terminology

    How Common is Psychoanalysis or Psychodynamic Treatment?

    General Principles of the Theoretical Models Underlying Psychoanalytic Treatment

    Primary Assumptions and Principles of Psychoanalytic Treatment

    Evolution of Psychoanalytic Theory

    Phases of Classical Psychoanalysis

    Ego Psychology

    Object Relations Theory

    Self Psychology Theory

    Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapies

    Goals of Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

    Psychoanalytic Treatment

    Vehicles for Behavior Change in Psychoanalytic Treatment

    New Issues in the Field

    Person Centered Therapy

    Theory

    Person-centered psychotherapy

    Empathy

    Unconditional Positive Regard

    Genuineness

    Systems Therapies

    Theory

    Specific Systems Therapy Approaches

    Summary

    Ongoing controversies

    Key terms learned

    Thinking questions

    • Chapter 12

    Behavior therapy

    Roots and underlying theory

    Ethical considerations

    Punishment

    Reinforcement

    Concluding observations

    Cognitive therapy

    Two major proponents: Ellis and Beck

    Cognitive-behavioral therapy

    Biofeedback/Relaxation/Stress management

    Biofeedback

    Relaxation/Self-regulation methods

    Summary & conclusion

    Stress management

    A model of the stress process: Major components & moderating variables

    Conclusion

    Emotion-focused therapy

    Motivational interviewing

    Dialectical behavior therapy

    • Chapter 13

    Chapter objective
    Methods
    A brief history of therapy outcome research

    What questions are meta-analytic reviews trying to answer?
    What has been learned from existing meta-analyses?
    Cost effectiveness of psychological therapies
    Controversies around knowledge translation from therapy outcome research
    Conclusion

    • Chapter 14

    Chapter objective
    Defining treatment specificity
    Hypnosis
    Description and rationale
    Hypnotic susceptibility
    Understanding and measuring hypnotic trance
    The method
    Treatment outcome
    Summary of hypnosis

    Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
    Description, rationale & method
    Treatment outcome
    Summary of EMDR
    Acceptance and commitment therapy
    Description, rationale & method
    Treatment outcome
    Summary of ACT
    Mindfulness meditation (MM)
    Roots, rationale & procedure
    The method
    Treatment outcome
    Summary of MM
    Revisiting claims of uniqueness and specificity

    Conclusion

    • Chapter 15

    Chapter objectives

    Developmental stages and childhood psychopathology

    Ethical challenges

    Impact of development on assessment

    Intervention

    Behavior Therapy

    Play Therapy

    Systems Therapy

    Overview of Treatment Outcome

    The example of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    Conclusion

    • Chapter 16

    Objective of this chapter

    What is Forensic Psychology?

    Forensic Psychology Today

    The Clinical Forensic Psychologist

    Police Psychology

    Crime and Delinquency

    Victimology

    Correctional Psychology

    Psychology and Law or Legal Psychology

    Differences between Traditional Clinical Psychology and Forensic Psychology Practice

    Tasks of the Clinical Forensic Psychologist

    Assessment

    Forensic Assessment Tools

    Forensically Relevant Assessment Tools

    Clinical Measures and Assessment Techniques

    Treatment

    Treatment of Perpetrators of Crime

    Treatment of Victims of Crime

    Treatment of Workers in the Field

    Consultation and Opinions

    Lie Detection

    Summary

    Ongoing controversies

    Key terms learned

    Thinking questions

    • Chapter 17

    Chapter objective

    Understanding Health and the Causation of Diseases

    Early Life Influences and Health

    Prevention and Management of Chronic Disease

    Adherence

    Pain

    Working with Cardiovascular Disease Patients

    Hypertension

    Chronic Heart Failure

    Heart Transplantation

    Restenosis

    Working with Cancer Patients

    Conclusion

    • Chapter 18

    Chapter objectives
    A clinical case scenario

    The language of pharmacology: Important concepts
    Frequently used terms and abbreviations
    Types of psychopharmacological medication and areas of application
    How arrival of the Internet has changed clinical practice
    Some sobering, real-world considerations
    Should psychologists have drug prescription privileges?
    Conclusion

    • Chapter 19

    Chapter objective

    Changes in health care

    Clinical Training

    Prescription privileges

    Clinical Psychology, computers and the web

    Research in Clinical Psychology

    Positive psychology and spirituality

    Conclusion

  • This title is also sold in the various packages listed below. Before purchasing one of these packages, speak with your professor about which one will help you be successful in your course.

    Package ISBN-13: 9780205865192

    Includes this title packaged with:

    • Great Readings in Clinical Science: Essential Selections for Mental Health Professionals
      Scott O. Lilienfeld, William T. O'Donohue

    $162.00 | Add to Cart

    Package ISBN-13: 9780205865239

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    • Case Studies in Abnormal Behavior, 9th Edition
      Robert G. Meyer, Christopher M. Weaver

    $162.00 | Add to Cart

    Purchase Info

    ISBN-10: 0-13-239727-7

    ISBN-13: 978-0-13-239727-8

    Format: Alternate Binding

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