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College Success Strategies Plus NEW MyLab Student Success 2012 Update -- Access Card Package, 4th Edition

By Sherrie L. Nist-Olejnik, Jodi Patrick Holschuh

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Aug 14, 2012


This concise and affordable book teaches students the skills and strategies that will enable them to be lifelong learners capable of knowing how to approach new and challenging material in college and beyond.


Although the first priority of College Success Strategies is to help students learn effectively in their college courses, the skills they learn from this text will serve them well in the future in a variety of learning situations. It is designed to engage students in thought about their own learning and the important role they play in the learning process. The strategies used in this book are based on the authors’ many years of experience interacting with college students and professors, as well as their own research focusing on how college students study. Students are often unprepared for the study demands of college and therefore overwhelmed and frustrated with the work. This text is designed to help students obtain lifelong methods and strategies to achieve success in college and beyond.

Table of Contents

Preface  xv

CHAPTER 1         Now That You’re Here  2

Self-Assessment  2

How Does College Differ from High School?  3

What Special Situations Can You Expect to Encounter Sooner or Later?  8

Real CollegeWanda  11

Add to Your Portfolio  11

CHAPTER 2         Active Learning: What’s in It for You?  13

Self-Assessment  13

What Do Active Learners Do?  14

Benefits of Active Learning  17

Four Factors That Influence Active Learning  19

Factor 1: Characteristics of the Learner  19

Factor 2: The Tasks  20

Factor 3: The Texts  21

Factor 4: The Learning Strategies  21

The Holistic Nature of Active Learning  21

Real CollegeMalcolm  22

Add to Your Portfolio  23

CHAPTER 3         How You Learn  24

Self-Assessment  24

The Role of Memory: Two Theories  25

The Parts Theory  25

The Levels of Processing Theory  27

Stretching Your Memory  28

The Role of Learning Styles  30

Using Your Senses to Learn  31

Real CollegeLeo  33

Add to Your Portfolio  33

CHAPTER 4         Professors, Task, and You 46

Self-Assessment  46

What is a Professor?

What Is a Task?  47

Part One: The Type of Activity  48

Part Two: The Level of Thinking  49

How Can You Get Information About the Task?  51

Real CollegeTina   55

Add to Your Portfolio  56

CHAPTER 5         Getting Organized: Managing Yourself and Your Time  58

Self-Assessment  58

Managing Yourself  59

Managing Your Time  61

Creating a Schedule You Can Live With  62

Timely Tips for Following Your Schedule  63

Planning for Midterms and Finals  67

Real CollegeJanice 68

Add to Your Portfolio  69

CHAPTER 6         Academic Energy: Motivation for Learning, Attitudes, and Interests  70

Self-Assessment  70

What Influences Motivation?  71

What Motivates People?  72

Getting Motivated Through Goal Setting  73

Staying Motivated  75

Changing Attitudes and Interests  77

Types of Academic Attitudes  79

Maintaining a Positive Attitude  80

The Role of Interests  82

Real CollegeMartin  83

Add to Your Portfolio  83

CHAPTER 7         Just What Do You Believe, Anyway?  85

Self-Assessment  85

Assessing Your Personal Theory  87

The Five Components of Beliefs That Influence Learning  87

Component 1: Certainty of Knowledge  88

Component 2: Simple Knowledge  89

Component 3: Responsibility for Learning  90

Component 4: Speed of Learning  90

Component 5: The Role of Ability  91

Changing Your Beliefs  92

Evaluating Internet Information  93

Real CollegePatrick and Friends  94

Add to Your Portfolio  95

CHAPTER 8         Dealing with Stress  96

Self-Assessment  96

Sources of Stress  98

Strategies for Reducing Stress  99

Academic Stress: Anxieties  100

Public Speaking Anxiety  101

Writing Anxiety  102

Mathematics Anxiety  103

General Test Anxiety  104

Three Important Tips for Reducing Academic Stress  106

Real CollegeAndrea 107

Add to Your Portfolio  108

CHAPTER 9         Strategic Reading  110

Self-Assessment  110

Gearing Up for Reading   111

Staying Active During Reading   115

Put Away Your Highlighters   115

Make a Note of It   115

What Is Annotation?  115

Why Annotate Your Text?  117

How Do You Annotate?   117

What Type of Information Should You Annotate?   119

Studying Your Annotations   120

Some Common Concerns About Annotation   121

Real CollegeHillary 122

Add to Your Portfolio  123

CHAPTER 10       Take Note! Lectures: A Different Kind of Text  124

Self-Assessment   124

The Importance and Characteristics of Good Lecture Notes   125

Taking Good Lecture Notes   129

General Note-Taking Guidelines   131

Getting Ready to Take Notes   132

Staying Active During Note Taking   132

Format and Organization   132

Active Listening   133

Being Flexible: Four Methods of Note Taking   135

Method 1: Split-Page (Cornell) Notes   135

Method 2: Parallel Notes   137

Method 3: Discussion Columns   138

Method 4: The T-Method   138

Note-Taking Myths   139

Real CollegeChad  141

Add to Your Portfolio  142

CHAPTER 11       Rehearsal and Review Strategies  143

Self-Assessment   143

Rehearsing   144

Why Is Rehearsal Important?   144

Written and Oral Rehearsal Strategies   145

Components of Good Rehearsal Strategies   145

Written Rehearsal Strategies   146

Oral Rehearsal Strategies   152

Reviewing   154

Making a Specific Study Plan   155

Forming Study Groups   157

Improving Your Memory Through Reviewing   158

Real CollegeConrad  160

Add to Your Portfolio  160

CHAPTER 12       Strategies for Social Science  162

Self-Assessment   162

Characteristics of Social Science Courses   163

Figuring Out the Task   163

Reading Social Science Textbooks   164

Gearing Up for Reading   165

What and How to Annotate During Reading   166

Taking Notes in Social Science Courses   169

Studying in Social Science Courses   171

CARDS   172

Question/Answer Strategy   172

Real College Frank  174

Add to Your Portfolio  175

CHAPTER 13       Strategies for the Humanities  176

Self-Assessment   176

Characteristics of Humanities Courses   177

Figuring Out the Task   177

Reading Humanities Textbooks   178

Gearing Up for Reading   179

What and How to Annotate During Reading   180

Taking Notes in Humanities Courses   184

Studying in Humanities Courses   188

Time Lines   188

Question/Answer Strategy   189

Compare/Contrast Charting   189

Real CollegeHarry 190

Add to Your Portfolio  191

CHAPTER 14       Strategies for Science and Mathematics  192

Self-Assessment   192

Science Courses   193

Characteristics of Science Courses   193

Figuring Out the Task   193

Reading Science Textbooks   194

Gearing Up for Reading   195

What and How to Annotate During Reading   195

Taking Notes in Science Courses   197

Strategies for Science Courses   199

Mathematics Courses  202

Mathematics Textbooks   202

Study Strategies for Mathematics Courses   202

Real CollegeStacy 204

Add to Your Portfolio  204


CHAPTER 15 Using Technology To Learn

Technology in College Classes

Online Courses

Using Technology To Study

Reading On Computer

Note Taking on Computer


Add to your portfolio


CHAPTER 16       Preparing for Objective Exams  206

Self-Assessment   206

General Test-Preparation Strategies   207

Objective Exams   209

Preparing for Objective Exams   209

Taking Objective Exams   214

Real CollegeTeddy 215

Add to Your Portfolio  216

CHAPTER 17       Preparing for and Taking Essay and Specialty Exams  217

Self-Assessment   217

Essay Exams   218

PORPE   218

Taking Essay Exams   223

Time Allotted for Writing   223

Structuring Your Essay   223

Evaluation Guidelines   225

A Word About Identification Items   225

Specialized Exams   226

Problem-Solving Exams   226

Open-Book Exams   228

Take-Home Exams   228

Real CollegeIris 229

Add to Your Portfolio  229

Appendix A: “Cognition and Intelligence” from Essentials of Psychology Third Edition   230

Appendix B: “The Nation Divides: The Vietnam War and Social Conflict, 1964—1971” from Created Equal, A Social and Political History of .the United States   251

Credits  269

Index  271

Additional Titles of Interest  281