Conformity and Conflict: Readings in Cultural Anthropology, Books a la Carte Edition, 14th Edition

By James Spradley, David W. McCurdy

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jul 12, 2011

Description

Demonstrate the nature of culture and its influence on people’s lives.

 

For over 40 years, the best-selling Conformity and Conflict has brought together original readings and cutting edge research alongside classic works as a powerful way to study human behavior and events.

 

Its readings cover a broad range of theoretical perspectives and demonstrate basic anthropological concepts.  The Fourteenth Edition incorporates successful articles from past editions and fresh ideas from the field to show fascinating perspectives on the human experience.

 

 

Teaching and Learning Experience

 

Personalize Learning - The new MyAnthroLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.

 

Improve Critical Thinking - Articles, article introductions and review questions encourage students to examine their assumptions, discern hidden values, evaluate evidence, assess their conclusions, and more!

 

Engage Students - Section parts, key terms, maps, a glossary and subject index all spark student interest and illustrate the text’s main points with examples and visuals from daily life. 

 

Support Instructors - Teaching your course just got easier!  You can Create a Customized Text or use our Instructor’s Manual, Electronic “MyTest” Test Bank or PowerPoint Presentation Slides.  Additionally, Conformity and Conflict’s part introductions parallel the basic concepts taught in introductory courses – which allow the book to be used alone as a reader or in conjunction with a main text.

 

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Table of Contents

Contents

 

           

Preface

World Map and Geographical Placement of Readings

 

ONE

Culture and Ethnography                      

1          Ethnography and Culture          

                        James P. Spradley

                        To discover culture, the ethnographer must learn from the informant as a student.

2          Eating Christmas in the Kalahari           

                        Richard Borshay Lee

                        The “generous” gift of a Christmas ox involves the anthropologist in a classic case of

                       cross-cultural misunderstanding.

3          Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS    

                        Claire E. Sterk

                        Fieldwork among urban prostitutes means doing ethnography under difficult but, in the 

                        end, manageable circumstances.

4       Nice Girls Don’t Talk to Rastas            [Revised]

                        George Gmelch

                        Interaction between a U.S. student and a Rastafarian illustrates the destructive power of

                       naïve realism in the fieldwork setting. 

 

TWO

            Language and Communication   [Revised]                   

5       Shakespeare in the Bush          

                        Laura Bohannan

                        Cross-cultural communication breaks down when an anthropologist attempts to translate

                        the meaning of Hamlet to the Tiv.

6.      Whorf Revisited: You Are What You Speak      [NEW]                            

                  Guy Deutscher

                        New evidence supports Benjamin Lee Whorf’s contention that peoples’ mother tongue can

                        shape their experience of the world.

7.         Managing Meaning: The Military Name Game  

                        Sarah Boxer

                        To frame the meaning of its military operations, U.S. armed forces try to name them

                        positively without offending anyone.

8          Conversation Style: Talking on the Job 

                        Deborah Tannen

                        On the job, men and women use distinctive conversation styles to ask for help, leading them to

                        evaluate performance and character differently.

           

 

 

THREE

            Subsistence and Ecology          

9          The Hunters: Scarce Resources in the Kalahari

                        Richard Borshay Lee              

                        !Kung and other foragers traditionally worked less and ate better than many other people

                        with more “advanced” food producing techniques. Today, however, their survival depends

                        more on drilling wells and keeping cattle than on collecting wild foods.

10        Eskimo Science          [NEW]                                   

                        Richard Nelson

                        The knowledge developed by Eskimos to hunt successfully contains the same basic principles

                       that underlie a more formally structured scientific method.

11        Domestication and the Evolution of Disease

                        Jared Diamond          

                        Herd animal diseases that evolved to infect humans have ended up killing millions of people

                        in the old and new world.

12        Forest Development the Indian Way     [Revised]                   

                        Richard K. Reed

                        South American governments could learn much about tropical forest development from the

                       Amazonian Indians who live there.

 

FOUR

            Economic Systems                  

13        Reciprocity and the Power of Giving  

                        Lee Cronk

                        Gifts not only function to tie people together, they may also be used to “flatten” an opponent and control

                       the behavior of others.

14        Poverty, Office Work, and the Crack Alternative          

                         Philippe Bourgois

            Poor, uneducated Puerto Rican men living in Spanish Harlem feel that the risks they run selling drugs are preferable

            to the disrespect they encounter as low-wage employees in New York’s financial and service companies.

15        Cocaine and the Economic Deterioration of Bolivia                   

                        Jack Weatherford

                        The world market for cocaine robs Bolivian villages of their men and causes problems for health, nutrition,

                        transportation, and family.

16        Malawi versus the World Bank            

                        Sonia Patten

                        Malawi government’s successful state subsidized fertilizer program challenges the World Bank and

                       IMF’s insistence on market-driven agricultural programs.

 

 

 

FIVE

Kinship and Family                  

17        Mother’s Love: Death without Weeping           

                        Nancy Scheper-Hughes

                        Close mother-child bonds suffered in the presence of high infant mortality in a Brazilian shantytown

                        although recent changes have reduced the problem to some degree.

18        Family and Kinship in Village India                   

                        David W. McCurdy

                        Kinship still organizes the lives of Bhil villagers despite economic opportunities that draw people away

                        from the community and dependence on relatives.

19        Polyandry: When Brothers Take a Wife           

                        Melvyn C. Goldstein

                        By jointly marrying one woman, Tibetan brothers preserve family resources and the “good life.”

20        Uterine Families and the Women’s Community 

                        Margery Wolf

                        To succeed in a traditional patrilineal family, a Chinese woman had to create her own informal uterine

                        family inside her husband’s household.

 

SIX

            Identity, Roles, and Groups                  

21        You@Work: Jobs, Identity, and the Internet     [NEW]                 

                           Brenda Mann

                           Today’s U.S. job mobility requires “branding” one’s identity through careful use of the Internet.

22        The Opt Out Phenomenon:  Women, Work, and Identity in America   [Revised and retitled

                  Dianna Shandy

                        Why were young, educated professional women leaving high-paying jobs for a life at home and what

                       difference has today’s tough economy made?

23      Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving?  [NEW]      

                        Lila Abu-Lughod

                        Americans should work for justice in the world, not save Muslim women from wearing burqas or

                       following their Islamic religion.

24        Mixed Blood              

                        Jefferson M. Fish

                        A woman can change her race from black to “brunette” by taking a plane from New York to Brazil.

SEVEN

            Law and Politics          

25        Cross-Cultural Law: The Case of the Gypsy Offender  

                        Anne Sutherland

                        Legal cultures clash when a young Gypsy is convicted of using someone else’s social security number

                       to apply for a car loan.

26        Life without Chiefs                   

                        Marvin Harris

                        Small societies based on reciprocal and redistributive economic exchange can do without officials.

27        The Founding Indian Fathers    

                        Jack Weatherford

                        Although their contribution goes unrecognized, Indian, especially Iroquoian, political structure may

                       have served as a model that helped to produce a United States federal government

 

 

 

EIGHT

            Religion, Magic, and World View        

28        Taraka’s Ghost

                        Stanley A. Freed and Ruth S. Freed

                        A woman relieves her anxiety and gains family support when a friend’s ghost possesses her.

29        Baseball Magic  [Revised]

                        George Gmelch

                        American baseball players from the games introduction to today employ magical practices as they

                       try to deal with the uncertainty of their game.

30        Run for the Wall: An American Pilgrimage        

                        Jill Dubisch

                        An annual ritual motorcycle pilgrimage from Los Angles to Washington, DC personally transforms

                       the Vietnam veterans and others who ride in it.

31        Body Ritual Among the Nacirema        

                        Horace Miner

                        The Nacirema display a complex array of body rituals aimed at achieving health and beauty.

 

NINE

            Globalization                

32        How Sushi Went Global           [Brought back from previous edition]       

                        Theodore C. Bestor

                        International interdependence between tuna fishermen and sushi as a Japanese culinary style

                        becomes popular in a globalized world.

33        Village Walks: Tourism and Globalization among the Tharu of Nepal    [NEW} 

            Arjun Guneratne and Kate Bjork

                Advertised as a primitive tribe, Tharu villagers endure tours that falsely treat them as part of the

                Chitwan National Forest’s natural history and have responded by building a museum to separate their

                past from the present.

34        The Road to Refugee Resettlement        [Revised]

                        Dianna Shandy

                        Nuer refugees must develop the skill and determination to pass through a series of bureaucratic

                       hurdles to reach and adjust to life in the United States.

35        Global Women in the New Economy                  

                        Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Russell Hochschild

                        Millions of women migrate from poor to wealthy nations serving as nannies, maids, and sex workers. T

                       hey send money home but find it hard to separate from their countries and families.

 

TEN

            Culture Change and Applied Anthropology       xxx

36        Suggestions for Developers: The Peace Corps Problems in Botswana      [NEW}           

                    Hoyt S. Alverson

                            An anthropologist discovers why some Peace Corps volunteers fail to complete their assignments in rural

                            Botswana, citing perceptions of their role and naïve realism as the basic problems.

37        Medical Anthropology: Leprosy on the Ganges      [NEW]     

                     Ron Barrett

               Indians who contract leprosy find themselves stigmatized for life, causing them to delay treatment or amplify symptoms to

               enhance begging.

38        Public Interest Ethnography: Women’s Prisons and Health Care in California  [NEW]   

                            Rachael Stryker

                            Student ethnographers uncover institutional health care problems at two women’s prisons in California and

                             suggest changes that result in a revision of state policy.

39        Using Anthropology                 

                        David McCurdy         

                        Professional anthropologists do everything from ethnographies of automobile production lines to famine relief,

                        but even the neophyte may be able to use the ideas of culture and ethnography to succeed in the workplace.

40        Career Advice for Anthropology Undergraduates                     

                        John T. Omohundro

                        The ability to translate useful anthropological skills into “resume speak” is one way for anthropology graduates

                       to find employment.

Glossary       

Index               

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