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Applying philosophy to everyday life.
Core Questions in Philosophy emphasizes the idea that philosophy is a subject devoted to evaluating arguments and constructing theories.
Presented in an engaging lecture-style format, this text/reader focuses on the basic issues and ideas in philosophy with lectures/discussions, supported by readings from historically important sources. Discussions emphasize the logic of philosophical arguments and how they relate to the content of modern physical and social sciences.
Teaching & Learning Experience
The teaching and learning experience with this program helps to:
- Improve Critical Thinking – Review questions at the end of each chapter allow students to review what they’ve just learned and think critically about related problems.
- Engage Students – Following a lecture format, the text portion is written in an engaging conversational tone.
- Explore Theory – Emphasis on evaluating arguments and constructing theories.
- Support Instructors – An instructor’s manual, test bank, MyTest Test Bank, and PowerPoint presentation provide more teaching resources.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Introduction
Chapter 1: What Is Philosophy?
Reading: What is Philosophy - Bertrand Russell
Chapter 2: Deductive Arguments
Chapter 3: Inductive and Abductive Arguments
Part 2: The Philosophy of Religion
Chapter 4: Aquinas’s First Four Ways
Reading: Five Ways to Prove That God Exists - Saint Thomas Aquinas
Chapter 5: The Design Argument
Readings: The Design Argument - William Paley
Critique of the Design Argument - David Hume
Chapter 6: Evolution and Creationism
Chapter 7: Can Science Explain Everything?
Chapter 8: The Ontological Argument
Reading: Debate - Saint Anselm and Gaunilo
Chapter 9: Is the Existence of God Testable?
Reading: The Meaninglessness of Religious Discourse - Alfred Jules Ayer
Chapter 10: Pascal and Irrationality
Readings: Belief in God – What Do You Have to Lose? - Blaise Pascal
The Will to Believe - William James
Chapter 11: The Argument from Evil
Part 3: Theory of Knowledge
Chapter 12: What Is Knowledge?
Reading: The Theaetetus — Knowledge is Something More than True Belief Plato
Chapter 13: Descartes’ Foundationalism
Reading: Meditations on First Philosophy, 1-5 - René Descartes
Chapter 14: The Reliability Theory of Knowledge
Chapter 15: Justified Belief and Hume’s Problem of Induction
Reading: Induction Cannot Be Rationally Justified - David Hume
Chapter 16: Can Hume’s Skepticism Be Refuted?
Chapter 17: Beyond Foundationalism
Chapter 18: Locke on the Existence of External Objects
Readings: The External World Probably Exists - Hans Reichenbach
Yada yada - John Locke
Part 4: Philosophy of Mind
Chapter 19: Dualism and the Mind/Body Problem
Reading: Meditations on First Philosophy, 6 - René Descartes
Chapter 20: Logical Behaviorism
Reading: Other Minds Are Known by Analogy from One’s Own Case -Bertrand Russell
Chapter 21: Methodological Behaviorism
Chapter 22: The Mind/Brain Identity Theory
Chapter 23: Functionalism
Chapter 24: Freedom, Determinism, and Causality
Chapter 25: A Menu of Positions on Free Will
Readings: Determinism Shows That Free Will Is an Illusion - Baron D’Holbach
Of Liberty and Necessity - David Hume
Has the Self “Free Will”? - C. A. Campbell
Chapter 26: Compatibilism
Chapter 27: Psychological Egoism
Reading: What Motivates People to Act Justly? - Plato
Part 5: Ethics
Chapter 28: Ethics–Normative and Meta
Chapter 29: The Is/Ought Gap and the Naturalistic Fallacy
Chapter 30: Observation and Explanation in Ethics
Chapter 31: Conventionalist Theories
Readings: The Euthyphro — A Critique of the Divine Command Theory- Plato
Existentialism - Jean-Paul Sartre
Chapter 32: Utilitarianism
Readings: Defense of Utilitarianism - John Stuart Mill
Principle of Utility - Jeremy Bentham
On Liberty- John Stuart Mill
Chapter 33: Kant’s Moral Theory
Reading Ethics Founded on Reason Immanuel Kant
Chapter 34: Aristotle on the Good Life
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