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Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Professional and Personal Life, 2nd Edition

By Richard Paul, Linda Elder

Published by Pearson FT Press

Published Date: Aug 26, 2013


Use better thinking to empower yourself, discover opportunities, avoid disastrous mistakes, build wealth, and achieve your biggest goals! This is your complete, up-to-the-minute blueprint for assessing and improving the way you think about everything – from business decisions to personal relationships. Drs. Richard W. Paul and Linda Elder, of the Center for Critical Thinking, offer specific guidance for making more intelligent decisions, and overcoming the irrationalities and "sociocentric" limits we all face. Discover which of the "six stages" of thinking you’re in and learn how to think with clarity, relevance, logic, accuracy, depth, significance, precision, breadth, and fairness. Master strategic thinking skills you can use everywhere and learn how to critically assess what experts tell you. Packed with new examples and exercises, this guide won’t just help you think more effectively: it will help you use those skills to empower yourself, discover new opportunities, avoid disastrous mistakes, and grow your wealth. Above all, it will help you gain the confidence and clarity you need to pursue and achieve your most important goals in life – whatever they are!

Table of Contents

Preface     xiv
Chapter 1: Thinking in a World of Accelerating Change and Intensifying Danger     1
Chapter 2: Becoming a Critic of Your Thinking     9
Chapter 3: Becoming a Fairminded Thinker     21
Chapter 4: Self-Understanding     51
Chapter 5: The First Four Stages of Development: What Level Thinker Are You?     63
Chapter 6: The Parts of Thinking     85
Chapter 7: The Standards for Thinking     127
Chapter 8: Design Your Life     167
Chapter 9: The Art of Making Intelligent Decisions     183
Chapter 10: Taking Charge of Your Irrational Tendencies     199
Chapter 11: Monitoring Your Sociocentric Tendencies     231
Chapter 12: Developing as an Ethical Reasoner     253
Chapter 13: Analyzing and Evaluating Thinking in Corporate and Organizational Life     283
Chapter 14: Strategic Thinking: Part One     311
Chapter 15: Strategic Thinking: Part Two     331
A Glossary of Critical Thinking Terms and Concepts     353
References     441
About the Authors     443
Index     445