Provides a comprehensive overview with focus on critical thinking.
The fifth edition continues a focus on applying critical thinking framework in examining, analyzing, and evaluating psychological data. With significant rewriting, new topics, and updated references, this text keeps pace with the rapidly changing conditions of modern times. The dynamic team brings a unique set of experiences and perceptions in writing this book
Upon completing this book, readers should be able to:
- Better understand the field of cross-cultural psychology
- Understand contemporary theories and research in cross-cultural psychology
- Use critical thinking to examine, analyze, and evaluate the field of cross-cultural psychology
- Assist current and future practitioners from a wide variety of fields and services
New to this Edition
- Current cross-cultural research including ethnic and religious identity, psychological effects of globalization, spirituality, cross-cultural communication, evolutionary anthropology.
- A broader selection of applied problems such as avoiding stereotypes and psychodiagnostic biases, reducing mistakes in facial recognition, improving effectiveness of classroom learning, and many others.
- A greater interdisciplinary perspective, using research from contemporary psychology, as well as neurophysiology, genetics, anthropology, sociology, and micro-economics.
- An expanded companion website, which provides additional information for instructors and students.
- More than 130 new reference sources and new research data related to a diverse array of ethnic groups.
- A new and expanded test bank for instructors, which includes a comprehensive selection of questions for every chapter and ready-to-use-quizzes.
- A critical thinking framework, including "Critical Thinking" boxes and tables, provide practice in developing learning skills.
- More than thirty high-interest activities and exercises provide students ample opportunity for active learning and enhanced comprehension.
- "A Case in Point" sections review and illustrate controversial issues, display cases and research findings, and introduce various opinions about human behavior in different cultural contexts.
- "Cross-Cultural Sensitivity" boxes underscore the importance of empathy in interpersonal communication.
- Relevant quotations from a wide range of sources provide divergent points of view, pique readers' interest, and inspire critical thinking.
Table of Contents
Found in this Section:
1. Brief Table of Contents
2. Full Table of Contents
1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Understanding Cross-Cultural Psychology
Chapter 2 Methodology of Cross-Cultural Research
Chapter 3 Critical Thinking in Cross-Cultural Psychology
Chapter 4 Cognition: Sensation, Perception, and States of Consciousness
Chapter 5 Intelligence
Chapter 6 Emotion
Chapter 7 Motivation and Behavior
Chapter 8 Human Development and Socialization
Chapter 9 Psychological Disorders
Chapter 10 Social Perception and Social Cognition
Chapter 11 Social Interaction
Chapter 12 Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology: Some Highlights
2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1: Understanding Cross-Cultural Psychology
What Is Cross-Cultural Psychology?
Empirical Examination of Culture
Collectivism and Individualism: Further Research
The Cultural Mixtures Approach
The Integrative Approach: A Summary
A Brief History of the Field
Chapter 2: Methodology of Cross-Cultural Research
Goals of Cross-Cultural Research
Quantitative Research in Cross-Cultural Psychology
Quantitative Approach: Measurement Scales
Quantitative Approach: Looking for Links and Differences
Qualitative Approach in Cross-Cultural Psychology
Major Steps for Preparation of a Cross-Cultural Study
Observation in Cross-Cultural Psychology
Meta-Analysis: Research of Research
A Hidden Obstacle of Cross-Cultural Studies: Test Translation
Comparing Two Phenomena: Some Important Principles
On Similarities and Differences: Some Critical Thinking Applications
Avoiding Bias of Generalizations
Know More about Cultures You Examine
Chapter 3: Critical Thinking in Cross-Cultural Psychology
The Evaluative Bias of Language: To Describe Is to Prescribe
Differentiating Dichotomous Variables and Continuous Variables: Black and White, or Shades of Gray?
The Similarity–Uniqueness Paradox: All Phenomena Are Both Similar and Different
The Barnum Effect: "One-Size-Fits-All" Descriptions
The Assimilation Bias: Viewing the World through Schema-Colored Glasses
The Representativeness Bias: Fits and Misfits of Categorization
The Availability Bias: The Persuasive Power of Vivid Events
The Fundamental Attribution Error: Underestimating the Impact of External Influences
The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy: When Expectations Create Reality
Correlation Does Not Prove Causation: Confusing "What" with "Why"
Bidirectional Causation and Multiple Causation: Causal Loops and Compound Pathways
The Naturalistic Fallacy: Blurring the Line between "Is" and "Should"
The Belief Perseverance Effect: "Don’t Confuse Me with the Facts!"
Conclusions: "To Metathink or Not to Metathink?"
Chapter 4: Cognition: Sensation, Perception, and States of Consciousness
Sensation and Perception: Basic Principles
How Culture Influences What We Perceive 106
How People Perceive Pictures
Perception of Depth
Are People Equally Misled by Visual Illusions?
Some Cultural Patterns of Drawing
Perception of Color
Perception of Time
Perception of the Beautiful
Perception of Music
Consciousness and Culture
Sleep and Cultural Significance of Dreams
Beyond Altered States of Consciousness
Chapter 5: Intelligence
Ethnic Differences in IQ Scores
Explaining Group Differences in Test Scores: Intelligence and Intelligent Behavior
Do Biological Factors Contribute to Intelligence?
Incompatibility of Tests: Cultural Biases
A Word about "Cultural Literacy"
Environment and Intelligence
The Family Factor
"Natural Selection" and IQ Scores
Cultural Values of Cognition
General Cognition: What Is "Underneath" Intelligence?
Cognitive Skills, School Grades, and Educational Systems
Culture, Tests, and Motivation
IQ, Culture, and Social Justice
And in the End, Moral Values
Chapter 6: Emotion
When We Laugh We Are Happy: Similarities of Emotional Experience
You Cannot Explain Pain if You Have Never Been Hurt: Differences in Emotional Experience
Emotions: Different or Universal?
The Meaning of Preceding Events
Emotion as an Evaluation
We Are Expected to Feel in a Particular Way
How People Assess Emotional Experience 1
When Emotions Signal a Challenge: Cross-Cultural Research on Stress and Anxiety
Expression of Emotion
When Emotion Hurts: Cross-Cultural Studies of Anger
Emotion and Inclination to Act
Emotion and Judgment
Chapter 7: Motivation and Behavior
A Glance into Evolution
Social Science: See the Society First
Drive and Arousal: Two Universal Mechanisms of Motivation
The Power of the Unconscious: Psychoanalysis
Learning and Motivation
A Carrot and a Beef Tongue: Hunger and Food Preference
When Hunger Causes Distress: Eating Disorders
Victory and Harmony: Achievement Motivation
Aggressive Motivation and Violence
Culture and Sexuality
Sex and Sexuality: Some Cross-Cultural Similarities
Chapter 8: Human Development and Socialization
Development and Socialization
Quality of Life and the Child’s Development
Norms, Customs, and Child Care
Parental Values and Expectations
Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development
Stages of Moral Development According to Kohlberg
Life before Birth: Prenatal Period
First Steps: Infancy
Discovering the World: Childhood
Major Rehearsal: Adolescence
Chapter 9: Psychological Disorders
American Background: DSM-IV
Two Views on Culture and Psychopathology
Culture and Suicide
Is Substance Abuse Culturally Bound?
Chapter 10: Social Perception and Social Cognition
Western and Non-Western Values
Striving for Consistency: The Cognitive Balance Theory
Avoiding Inconsistency: Cognitive Dissonance
Attribution as Locus of Control
Attribution of Success and Failure
Do Social Norms Affect the Way We See Our Own Body?
Duty and Fairness in Individualist and Collectivist Cultures
Stereotypes and the Power of Generalizations
On "National Character"
Chapter 11: Social Interaction
Direct Contacts and Body Language
Is Conformity Universal across Cultures?
Feeling Good about Some Views
Is Social Loafing Universal?
Cooperation and Competition
Chapter 12: Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology: Some Highlights
Spirituality, Science, and Health
Working with Immigrants
Culture, Behavior, and the Law
Working and Serving Abroad
Religion: A Campus Context