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Crossroads: Integrated Reading and Writing

By Pam Dusenberry, Julie O'Donnell Moore

Published by Longman

Published Date: Aug 26, 2010

Description

Crossroads demonstrates how reading and writing are interrelated processes, weaving them together to prepare students for the critical reading, critical thinking, and expository writing expectations of college.

Table of Contents

Brief Table of Contents

 

Part One: Processes and Structures for Reading and Writing

Chapter 1: Getting to Know the Academic Reading Process

Chapter 2: Getting to Know the Academic Writing Process

Chapter 3: Structuring Paragraphs and Essays

Chapter 4: Organizational Modes in Reading and Writing

Part Two: Reading and Writing Texts Using Narrative Support

Narrative Casebook: “What are the Most Important Purposes for Going to College?”

Chapter 5: The Reading Process for Texts Using Narrative as Support

Chapter 6: The Writing Process for Paragraphs Using Narrative Support

Chapter 7: The Writing Process for Essays Using Narrative Support

Part Three: Reading and Writing Texts Using Information as Support

Informational Casebook: “How Do We Navigate the Place of College?”

Chapter 8: The Reading Process for Texts Using Informational Evidence

Chapter 9: The Process for Writing Paragraphs Using Informational Evidence

Chapter 10: The Process of Writing Essays Using Informational Evidence

Part Four: Reading and Writing Argumentative Texts

Argument Casebook: “What Should Be Learned in College?”

Chapter 11: The Process for Reading Argumentative Texts

Chapter 12: The Process for Writing Argumentative Paragraphs

Chapter 13: The Process for Writing Argumentative Essays

Part Five: Readings

 

 

Detailed Table of Contents

 

PART ONE: READING AND WRITING DIFFERENT TYPES OF TEXTS

Chapter 1: Getting to Know the Academic Reading Process

            What You Will Learn

            Warm Up

Academic Reading Process

Phase One: Preview the Reading

            Step 1: Get to Know the Text

                        Strategies: Scanning and Skimming

Step 2: Check Your Attitude and Set Your Purpose

Step 3: Connect Experience and Background Knowledge with the Text

Phase Two: While Reading

            Step 4: Write Down and Define Vocabulary

            Step 5: Take Notes on Major Ideas and Important Details 

                        Strategy: Informal Note Taking

 Step 6: Write Down Your Thoughts and Reactions

Phase Three: After You Read

            Step 7: Write a Summary

Step 8: Respond to the Reading

Step 9: Reflect

            The Academic Reading Process: Putting It Together

            Reading Process Journal

Chapter Quick Check

Chapter 2: Getting to Know the Academic Writing Process

What You Will Learn

Warm Up

Why Do I Need To Know About The Academic Reading Process?

What Do the Scholars Say?

What Is the Academic Writing Process?

Phase One: Prewriting

            Step 1: Analyze the Assignment

            Step 2: Generate Ideas

            Step 3: Focus Your Topic

            Step 4: Develop Your Ideas

            Step 5: Organize Your Ideas

Phase Two: Draft

            Step 6: Draft

Phase Three: Polish

            Step 7: Revise

                        Strategy: Response Checklist

            Step 8: Edit and Proofread

            Step 9: Reflect

The Academic Writing Process Is Circular

Writing Process Assignment

Connections Between the Reading and Writing Processes

Chapter Quick Check

Chapter 3: Structuring Paragraphs and Essays

            What You Will Learn

Introduction

Writing Process vs. Writing Product

Organization vs. Content

Structures You Read vs. Those You Write

Basic Components of Paragraphs You Read and Write

            Topic Sentence Is Like the Top Bun of the Hamburger

                        Support Is Like the Meat of the Hamburger

                        Analysis Is Like the Bottom Bun of the Hamburger

Transitional Words Are Like Condiments (Catsup, Mayonnaise, Onions) in the Hamburger

            Putting It Together

Similarities and Differences Between the Components of Paragraphs You Read and Write

The Basic Components of an Essay

            Thesis Statement

                        Introduction of an Essay

                        Supporting Body Paragraphs

                        Conclusion of an Essay 

            Chapter Quick Check

Chapter 4: Modes for Organizing Paragraphs and Essays

            What You Will Learn

            Introduction

            General to Specific (Deductive)

            Specific to General (Inductive)

            Narrative Structure

            Descriptive Structure

            Process Structure

            Comparison–Contrast Structure

            Analysis Structure

            Chapter Quick Check

           

PART TWO: NARRATIVE CASEBOOK: READING AND WRITING TEXTS USING NARRATIVE SUPPORT

Casebook theme: What Is the Primary Purpose of a College Education?

Warm Up

Introduction to the Casebook Theme

Readings Around Three Themes

Writing Topics

Introduction to Narrative Support

What is Narrative?

What Is the Purpose of Narrative Support?

Should I Make My Main Idea or Thesis Explicit or Implicit When I Use Narrative as Support?

How Are Ideas Organized When Narrative Is Used to Support a Thesis or Main Idea?

What Types of Language Do I Use When Using Narrative as Support?

Are There any Special Terms I Need to Know in Order to Understand Narrative?

Chapter 5: A Reading Process for Texts Using Narrative Support

            What You Will Learn

            Phase One: Preview the Reading

            Step 1: Get to Know the Text

Step 2: Check Your Attitude and Set Your Purpose

Step 3: Connect Experience and Background Knowledge with the Text

Phase Two: While Reading

            Step 4: Write Down and Define Vocabulary

                        Strategies: Using Context and the Dictionary

            Step 5: Take Notes on Major Ideas and Important Details 

                        Strategies: Mapping and Annotating the Text

Step 6: Write Down Your Thoughts and Reactions

Phase Three: After You Read

            Step 7: Write a Summary

                        Strategy: Writing the First Sentence of a Summary

Step 8: Respond to the Reading

Step 9: Reflect

            Chapter Quick Check

Chapter 6: A Writing Process for Paragraphs Using Narrative Support

            What You Will Learn

Phase One: Prewriting

            Step 1: Analyze the Assignment

            Step 2: Generate Ideas

                        Strategies: Using Reading Notes, Listing, and Freewriting

            Step 3: Focus Your Topic

                        Strategy: Drafting the Topic Sentence

            Step 4: Develop Supporting Details for a Paragraph

            Step 5: Organize your Ideas

                        Strategy: Outlining a Paragraph

Phase Two: Draft

            Step 6: Draft Your Paragraph

Phase Three: Polish

            Step 7: Revise

Strategy: Highlighting Workshops

            Step 8: Edit and Proofread

            Step 9: Reflect

Chapter Quick Check

Chapter 7: A Writing Process for Essays Using Narrative Support

What You Will Learn

Phase One: Prewriting

            Step 1: Analyze the Assignment

            Step 2: Generate Ideas

                        Strategies: Using Reading Notes, Listing, and Freewriting

            Step 3: Focus Your Topic

                        Strategy: Drafting the Thesis

            Step 4: Develop Your Ideas

                        Strategies: Freewriting and Mapping

            Step 5: Organize your Ideas

                        Strategy: Outlining the Essay

Phase Two: Draft

            Step 6: Draft Your Essay

Phase Three: Polish

            Step 7: Revise

Strategy: Highlighting Workshops

            Step 8: Edit and Proofread

            Step 9: Reflect

Chapter Quick Check

 

PART THREE: INFORMATIONAL CASEBOOK: READING AND WRITING TEXTS USING INFORMATIONAL SUPPORT

Casebook Theme: How Do I Navigate the Place of College?

Warm Up

Introduction to the Casebook Theme

Readings Around Three Themes

Writing Topics

Introduction to Information as Support

What Is the Purpose of Using Information as Support?

How Is Writing Organized That Uses Information as Support?

What Types of Language Are Used with Information as Support?

Chapter 8: A Reading Process for Texts Using Informational Support

            What You Will Learn

            Phase One: Preview the Reading

            Step 1: Get to Know the Text

Step 2: Check Your Attitude and Set Your Purpose

Step 3: Connect Experience and Background Knowledge with the Text

Phase Two: While Reading

            Step 4: Write Down and Define Vocabulary

                        Strategy: Using the Internet or Background Readings

            Step 5: Take Notes on Major Ideas and Important Details 

                        Strategy: Cornell Notes

Step 6: Write Down Your Thoughts and Reactions

Phase Three: After You Read

            Step 7: Write a Summary

Step 8: Respond to the Reading

Step 9: Reflect

            Chapter Quick Check

Chapter 9: A Writing Process for Paragraphs Using Information as Support

            What You Will Learn

Phase One: Prewriting

            Step 1: Analyze the Assignment

            Step 2: Generate Ideas

            Step 3: Develop Supporting Details for a Paragraph

                        Strategy: Gather Information about Your Topic

            Step 4: Focus Your Topic

                        Strategy: Answering Questions

            Step 5: Organize Your Ideas

                        Strategy: Mapping a Paragraph

Phase Two: Draft

            Step 6: Draft Your Paragraph

Phase Three: Polish

            Step 7: Revise

Strategy: Peer Review

            Step 8: Edit and Proofread

            Step 9: Reflect

Chapter Quick Check

Chapter 10: A Writing Process for Essays Using Information as Support

What You Will Learn

Phase One: Prewriting

            Step 1: Analyze the Assignment

            Step 2: Generate Ideas

            Step 3: Focus Your Topic

                        Strategy: Finding a Focus by Freewriting

            Step 4: Develop Your Ideas

                        Strategy: Using Reading Notes

            Step 5: Organize Your Ideas

                        Strategy: Mapping the Essay

Phase Two: Draft

            Step 6: Draft Your Essay

Phase Three: Polish

            Step 7: Revise

Strategy: Peer Review for an Essay

            Step 8: Edit and Proofread

            Step 9: Reflect

Chapter Quick Check

 

PART FOUR: ARGUMENT CASEBOOK: READING AND WRITING ARGUMENTATIVE TEXTS

Casebook Theme: What Should You Learn During Your College Education?

Warm Up

Introduction to the Casebook Theme

Readings Around Three Themes

Writing Topics

Introduction to Argumentative Texts

            What Is Argumentation?

What Is the Purpose of Using Information as Support?

Are Main Ideas and Thesis Statements Made Explicit in Argumentative Texts?

How Are Ideas Organized When a Position is Argued?

What Types of Language Do I Need to Be Aware Of?

Are There any Special Terms I Need to Know About Argumentative Writing?

Chapter 11: A Reading Process for Argumentative Texts

            What You Will Learn

            Phase One: Preview the Reading

            Step 1: Get to Know the Text

Step 2: Check Your Attitude and Set Your Purpose

Step 3: Connect Experience and Background Knowledge with the Text

Phase Two: While Reading

            Step 4: Write Down and Define Vocabulary

                        Strategy: Using the Internet and Background Readings

            Step 5: Take Notes on Major Ideas and Important Details 

                        Strategy: Mapping and Cornell Notes

Step 6: Write Down Your Thoughts and Reactions

            Strategy: Evaluating Evidence

Phase Three: After You Read

            Step 7: Write a Summary

Step 8: Write and Evaluative Response

Step 9: Reflect

            Chapter Quick Check

Chapter 12: A Writing Process for Argumentative Paragraphs

            What You Will Learn

Phase One: Prewriting

            Step 1: Analyze the Assignment

            Step 2: Generate Ideas

                        Strategy: Reviewing Author’s ideas

            Step 3: Focus Your Topic

Strategy: Write a Topic Sentence for an Argumentative Paragraph

            Step 4: Develop Your Ideas

                        Strategy: Listing Reasons, Evidence and Analysis

                        Strategy: Using Quotations

            Step 5: Organize Your Ideas

                        Strategy: Mapping Reasons, Evidence and Analysis

Phase Two: Draft

            Step 6: Draft Your Paragraph

Phase Three: Polish

            Step 7: Revise

Strategy: Self-Review or Peer Review

            Step 8: Edit and Proofread

            Step 9: Reflect

Chapter Quick Check

Chapter 13: A Writing Process for Argumentative Essays

What You Will Learn

Phase One: Prewriting

            Step 1: Analyze the Assignment

            Step 2: Generate Ideas

                        Strategy: Reviewing Author’s ideas

            Step 3: Focus Your Topic

                        Strategy: Freewrite about Authors’ Ideas

Strattegy: Create a Thesis for an Argumentative Essay

            Step 4: Develop Your Ideas

                        Strategy: Listing Reasons, Evidence and Analysis

                        Strategy: Using Quotations

            Step 5: Organize Your Ideas

                        Strategy: Mapping Reasons, Evidence and Analysis

Phase Two: Draft

            Step 6: Draft Your Essay

Phase Three: Polish

            Step 7: Revise

Strategy: Self-Review or Peer Review

            Step 8: Edit and Proofread

            Step 9: Reflect

Chapter Quick Check

 

PART FIVE: READINGS

Sherman Alexie, “Indian Education”

Jean Anyon, “From ‘Social Class and Hidden Curriculum of Work’.”

Allen Bloom, “The Student and the University”

Frederick Douglass, “Learning to Read and Write”

Louise Erdrich, “Indian Boarding School: The Runaways”

Mark Fissel, “Distance Learning and American Society”

Megan Foss, “Love Letters”

Charlotte Gall, “Long in the Dark, Afghan Women Say to Read is Finally to See.”

Dick Gregory, “Shame”

Langston Hughes, “Theme for English B”

Laurie Kimpton-Lorence, “Using Learning Strategies in the Various Disciplines”

Jonathan Kozol, “The Savage Inequalities of Public Education in New York City”

John Lawry, “What No One Ever Told Them About College”

Sherrie Nist and Jodi Patrick Holschuh, “College Success Strategies”

Plato, “Allegory of the Cave”

Mike Rose, “I Just Wanna Be Average”

Samuel Scudder, “In the Lab with Agassiz”

Earl Shorris, “On the Uses of a Liberal Education as a Weapon in the Hands of the Restless Poor”

Katherine Kelleher Sohn, “Whistlin' and Crowin' Women of Appalachia: Literacy Practices since College”

Christina Twu, “Reclaiming Native Education"

Washington Center, “Critical Moments Case Stories”

Walt Whitman, “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer”

Malcolm X, “Prison Studies”

Zikala-Sa, “From ‘The School Days of an Indian Girl’”

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