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Developing Literacy: Reading and Writing To, With, and By Children, CourseSmart eTextbook

By Timothy G. Morrison, Brad G Wilcox

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jul 18, 2012

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Description

Here is a comprehensive view of all of the elements that are essential to developing effective literacy and providing the necessary gradual release of responsibility for reading and writing from teachers to students. Developing Literacy by Morrison and Wilcox gives teachers the “big picture” and helps them consistently implement what they know about reading and writing. It shows the connections with the Common Core State Standards and the IRA Standards, includes unique “Try This for Teaching” and “Try This for Professional Development” boxes to help apply the concepts, and features samples of teacher and student work to further illuminate the concepts.

 

Table of Contents

Inside Front and Back Covers

      Matrix of Common Core and IRA Standards

 

Foreword

 

Preface

      Purpose

      Organization    

 

Part I: Foundations of Literacy

 

Chapter 1. Understanding Literacy Contexts

      Vignette           

      Historical Overview

            Colonial Period

            Early American History

            Early 1900s

            Late 1900s

            2000s

      Literacy Theories

            Bottom-Up

            Top-Down

            Interactive

      Summary

      Self-check

 

Chapter 2. Understanding the Needs of All Learners

      Vignette

      Culture

      Language Minorities

            Second Language Acquisition

                  Pre-production

                  Early Production

                  Speech Emergence

                  Intermediate Fluency

                  Advanced Fluency

            School Assistance

                  Special Services

                  Instructional Support

      Poverty

      Urban and Rural Education

            Urban

            Rural

      Learning Disabilities

      Summary

      Self-check

 

Chapter 3. Teaching for Learning

      Vignette

      Impact of Teachers

            Learning and Teaching

            Key Behaviors of Effective Teaching

                  Variety

                  Clarity

                  Task Orientation

                  Engagement

                  Success Rate

      Components of Literacy

            Elements of Reading

                  Phonological Awareness

                  Phonics

                  Vocabulary

                  Fluency

                  Comprehension

            Traits of Writing

                  Voice

                  Organization

                  Ideas

                  Conventions

                  Word Choice

                  Sentence Fluency

                  Presentation

            Linking Reading and Writing

      Literacy Processes

            Reading Process

                  Pre-reading

                  Reading

                  Responding

                  Exploring

                  Applying

            Writing Process

                  Pre-writing

                  Drafting

                  Seeking a Response

                  Revising

                  Editing

                  Publishing 

            Linking Reading and Writing

      Instruction

            Approaches

                  Core Literacy Programs

                  Reading and Writing Workshops

                  Literature Units

                  Self-regulated Strategy Development

                  Genre Writing

            Essential Elements

                  Time to Learn

                  Time to Do

                  Time to Share

            Motivation and Literacy

                  Perceived Requirements

                  Perceived Expectations

                  Sincere Desires

                  Progressing Through Levels

      Summary

      Self-check

 

 

Part II: Components of Literacy

 

Chapter 4 Emergent Literacy

        Vignette

                        Oral Language Development

                                    Phonology

                                    Semantics

                                    Syntax

                                    Pragmatics

                                    Schema Theory

                                                Insufficient Text Clues

                                                Limited Schema

                                                Mismatched Schema

                        LiteracyDevelopment

                                    Emergent

                                    Beginning

                                    Fluent

                        Awareness of Sounds and Letters

                                    Recognition of Language Sounds

                                                Phonemic Awareness

                                                Phonological Awareness

                                    Word Play

                                    Written Language Development

                                                Developmental Stages

                                                            Drawing and Scribbling

                                                            Letter Stringing

                                                            Letter Name/Alphabetic Writing

                                                            Transitional Writing

                                                            Conventional Writing

                                                Developmental Journal Writing

                                    Combining Spoken and Written Language

                                                Picture Books

                                                Language Experience Approach (LEA)

         Summary

        Self-check

 

 

Chapter 5. Beginning Reading and Writing    

      Vignette

      Word Identification

            Phonics     

                  Useful Generalizations

                  Instruction

                        Explicit

                        Implicit

            Word Families

                  Instruction

                  Word Games

                        Hink Pink

                        I’m Thinking of a Word

                        Making Words

            Sight Words

                  High Frequency Words

                  Instruction

            Putting It All Together

      Conventions of Written Language

            Concepts About Print

            Spelling

            Handwriting

            Grammar

            Interactive Writing

      Summary

      Self-check 

 

Chapter 6. Fluency

      Vignette

      Components of Fluency

      Skills and Strategies

            Rate and Accuracy

                  Repeated Reading

                  Neurological Impress

                  Echo Reading

            Expression

                  Readers’ Theater

                  Puppet Shows

      Oral Reading

            Group Reading

            Assessment

            Transition to Silent Reading

      Written Language

            Sentence Fluency

                  Timed Writing

                  Conferencing for Content

            Voice

                  Class Books

                  Classroom Post Office

      Summary

      Self-check

 

Chapter 7. Vocabulary

      Vignette

      Vocabulary and Reading

            Size

            Word Collections

            Guiding Principles

                  Experience

                  Environment

                  Exposure

                  Engagement

            Types of Words

            Instruction

                  Key Word Prediction

                  Five Step Approach

                  Semantic Mapping

      Vocabulary and Writing

            Word Choice

                  Precise Language

                        Synonym Stacking

                        Good and Better

                  Powerful Language

                        Use Your Senses

                        Throw Out Your First Thought

                        Poetry

      Summary

      Self-Check

 

Chapter 8. Creating Meaning

      Vignette

      Foundational Meaning-making Abilities

      Creating Meaning Through Reading

            Reading Comprehension Strategies

                  Organizational Strategies

                        Identifying Main Ideas

                        Summarizing

                        Recognizing Text Structure

                              Narrative

                              Informational

                              Argumentative

                        Recognizing Stance

                   Inferential Strategies

                        Predicting Outcomes

                        Drawing Conclusions

                        Making Connections

                              Connections Outside Text

                              Connections Within Text

                        Creating Mental Images

                        Asking and Answering Questions

                              Question-Answer Relationships (QAR)

                              Questioning the Author (QtR)

                  Metacognitive Strategies

                        Comprehension Monitoring

                        Fixing-up

                  Multiple Strategies

      Creating Meaning Through Writing

            Ideas

                  Life Maps

                  Shared Stories

                  Writers’ Notebooks

            Organization

                  Audience

                        Create a New Title

                        Pen Pals

                  Forms of Writing

                        Stories

                        Memoirs

                        Class Newspapers

            Summary

            Self-check

 

Chapter 9. Integrating Literacy with Content Areas

      Vignette

      Reading in Content Areas

            Expository Text Structure

                  Description

                  Sequence

                  Comparison

                  Cause and Effect

                  Problem and Solution

            Expository Text Features

                  Print Features

                  Organizational Aids

                  Graphic Aids

            Study Strategies

                  SQ3R

                  Mnemonic Devices

                        Letters

                        Physical Spaces

                        Peg Lists

                  KWL

            Study Guides

                  Graphic Organizers

                  Anticipation Guides

                  Internet Inquiries

                  Games

      Writing in Content Areas

            Writing without Revision

                  Learning Logs

                  Think-Write-Share

                  Note Taking/Note Making

            Writing with Revision

                  Shared Writing

                  Small Groups

            Expository Text

                  Reports

                  Alphabet Books

            Argument Writing

                  Persuasive Papers

                  Advertisements

      Summary

      Self-check

 

Part III: Literacy Assessment and Instruction

 

Chapter 10. Assessing for Learning

      Vignette

      Types of Assessment

                  Summative

                        Norm-referenced

                        Criterion-referenced

                  Formative

                        Response to Intervention

                        Assessment for Learning

                  Performance-based

                        Performances

                        Portfolios

                        Projects

      Reading Assessment

                  Individual Methods

                        Running Records

                        Informal Reading Inventories

                  Student-Text Matching

                        Readability Formulas

                              Lexile Framework

                              Advantage/TASA Open Standard (ATOS)

                        Text Levels

                        Cloze Procedure

                        Range of Text Complexity

                              Qualitative 

                              Quantitative

                              Reader and Task Considerations

      Writing Assessment

                  Large-scale

                  Classroom

                        On-going Assistance

                              Observing and Making Anecdotal Notes

                              Conferencing with Students

                              Using Checklists

                  Judging Writing

                              Holistic

                              Analytic

      Informing Instruction

      Summary

      Self-check

 

Chapter 11. Reading and Writing to Children

      Vignette

      Reading to Children

            Importance of Reading Aloud

                  Motivation

                  Vocabulary

                  Language and Print Concepts

                  Attention Span

            Read Aloud Techniques

                  Expression

                  Illustrations

                  Questions  

            Book Selection

                  Narrative

                  Informational

                  Poetic

      Writing to Children

            Methods

                  Personal Notes

                  Morning Messages

                  Instructions

                  Classroom Labels

                  Dialogue Journals  

            Models

                  Author Visits

                  Teacher Modeling

                  Author’s Craft

      Summary

      Self-check

                       

Chapter 12. Reading and Writing with Children- Whole Class Experiences

      Vignette

      Reading with Children- Whole Class

            Shared Reading within Various Instructional Approaches

                  Core Literacy Programs

                  Reading Workshop

                  Literature Units

                        Whole Class Novel

                        Thematic Study

                  Reading Process

                        Before Reading

                              Schema

                              Attitude

                              Activity

                        During Reading

                              Round Robin Reading

                              Assigned Reading

                              Access to Print

                              Lead Readers

                        After Reading

                              Immediate Responses

                                    Eight Ws

                                    Student Survey

                                    Answering Game

                              Deliberate Responses

                                    Mirror Experiences

                                    Curriculum Integration

            Writing with Children- Whole Class

                  Shared Writing Within Various Instructional Approaches

                        Core Literacy Programs

                        Writing Workshop

                        Self-regulated Strategy Development

                        Genre Writing

                  Writing Process

                        Before Writing

                              Prompts and Assignments

                              Advance Planning

                        During Writing

                              Access to Print

                              Lead Writers

                        After Writing

                              Responding and Revising

                              Editing and Publishing

            Summary

            Self-check       

 

Chapter 13. Reading and Writing with Children- Small Group Experiences

      Vignette

      Reading with Children- Small Groups

            Core Literacy Programs

                  Primary Grade Groups

                        Organizing

                        Working

                              Before Reading

                              During Reading

                              After Reading

                        Facilitating

                  Intermediate Grade Groups

                        Organizing

                

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Developing Literacy: Reading and Writing To, With, and By Children, CourseSmart eTextbook
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$27.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-501965-8