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Documenting Latin America, Volume 2

By Erin E. O'Connor, Leo Garofalo

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Oct 15, 2010

Description

Documenting Latin America focuses on the central themes of race, gender, and politics. 

 

These themes are especially important for understanding and evaluating the history of Latin America, where identities were forged out of the conflicts, negotiations, and intermixing of peoples from Europe, Africa, and the Americas.  Documentary sources provide readers with the tools to develop a broad understanding of the course of Latin American social, cultural, and political history. Drawing upon labor, biographical, economic, and military histories, the book offers a unique blend of perspectives of history from both above and below, from under-studied as well as often-studied regions, and from a combination of archival and classic sources that will allow readers to engage in a meaningful way with the Latin American past. 

Table of Contents

Thematic Index

 

Preface

 

Introduction: “Doing” Latin American History in the Age of Nation States

 

Maps

 

Section I: The Age of Transformation and Revolt, 1780-1825

 

Introduction to Section

 

1)      Father José María Morelos and Visions of Mexican Independence, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

2)      The Many Views of Simón Bolivar, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

3)      Forging a Guerrilla Republic, Javier F. Marión, Emmanuel College, Boston

 

4)      Slavery, Race, and Citizenship in the Empire of Brazil: Debates in the Constituent Assembly of 1823, Kirsten Schultz, Seton Hall University

 

 

Section II: Nineteenth-Century Elite Views of the Nation

 

Introduction to Section

 

5)      Argentine Domingo Faustino Sarmiento’s Views on Civilization and Barbarism, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

6)      Citizenship through Marriage: De Facto Naturalization in 1840s El Salvador, Jordana Dym, Skidmore College

 

7)      Liberalism and its Limits: Guillermo Prieto on Patriarchy, Politics, and Provincial Peoples, John Tutino, Georgetown University

 

8)      Marriage Laws and Nation in Ecuador, 1860-1911, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

9)      Debating the “Free Womb” Law in Brazil, 1871, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

 

Section III: Ordinary People and State Officials in the Nineteenth Century

 

Introduction to Section

 

10)  Invoking the State’s Support: Estranged Spouses, In-laws and Justices of the Peace in Peru, Tanja Christiansen, Independent Scholar

 

11)  The Death of Francisco Bravo: Marriage, Violence, and Indians in Nineteenth-Century Ecuador, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

12)  Minors, Marriage, and the State: “Habilitación de edad” in Nineteenth-Century Mexico, Daniel Haworth, University of Houston-Clear Lake

 

13)  Memories of Rebellion and Subjugation in Southern Chile, Joanna Crow, University of Bristol

 

 

Section IV: Changing notions of Race, Gender, and Nation, ca. 1900-1950

 

Introduction to Section

 

14)  José Martí and Gilberto Freyre Claim “Raceless Nationalism” in Cuba and Brazil, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

15)  We Must Civilize Our Cayapa: Padre Antonio Metalli’s Assessment of Race and Gender in Coastal Ecuador, Nicola Foote, Florida Gulf Coast University

 

16)  Peasants, Gender, and the Mexican Revolutionary Conflict, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

17)  “Bettering the Tarahumara Race:” Indigenismo in Mexico, 1906-1945, Julia Cummings O’Hara, Xavier University

 

18)  Rescuing the Sacred Mission of Motherhood: Brazil’s Campaign for Healthy Babies and Educated Mothers, Okeizi Otovo, University of Vermont

 

 

Section V: Women’s Struggles with Gender Conformity in the Twentieth Century

 

Introduction to Section

 

19)  Maria Lacerda de Moura Advocates Women’s Self-Realization Through Free Love and Conscientious Maternity, Susan Besse, City University of New York

 

20)  Eva Perón’s Views of Women and Society in Argentina, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

21)  Gender and Socialism in Cuba, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

22)  A Bolivian Tin Miner’s Wife Goes to the International Women’s Tribunal in 1975, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

 

Section VI: Foundations of Modern Indigenous Movements

 

Introduction to Section

 

23)  Socialism and Indigenous Rights in Allende’s Chile, Joanna Crow, University of Bristol

 

24)  Indigenous Integration and Legal Changes in Paraguay, René Harder Horst, Appalachian State University

 

25)  For Land and Dignity: Zapatista Goals in Mexico in the 1990s, Erin E. O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

26)  International Indigenous Alliances for Global Justice, Marc Becker, Truman State University

 

 

Section VII: Power and Politics at the Transition into the Twenty-First Century

 

Introduction to Section

 

27)  Rigoberta Menchú Tum: From Indigenous Peasant to Nobel Laureate, Erin O’Connor, Bridgewater State College

 

28)  An Afro-Brazilian Activist Advances from the Favela to the Senate, Leo J. Garofalo, Connecticut College

 

29)  Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria: Chile’s First Woman President, Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, University of Maryland

 

30)  “We Are all Presidents:” Evo Morales and the Challenges of an Indigenous-Popular Government in Bolivia (2006), José Antonio Lucero, University of Washington

 

 

Glossary

 

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