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Drawing: Space, Form, and Expression, Books a la Carte Edition, 4th Edition

By Wayne Enstice, Melody Peters

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jul 24, 2011


For undergraduate courses in Drawing and Figure Drawing.

An easy to read, comprehensive text for drawing students of all levels. 

This highly readable text is designed to address the needs of undergraduate drawing students from beginning through advanced levels. Arranged in three sections that reflect the essential aspects of the process of drawing, it addresses spatial and compositional organization, strategies for depicting three-dimensional form and light, and it features an extended look at the way subject matter and form interact to produce content. This text combines comprehensive coverage of traditional approaches to observational drawing with advanced theory based on the premise that drawing is an art form in its own right.


This Books á la Carte Edition is an unbound, three-hole punched, loose-leaf version of the textbook and provides students the opportunity to personalize their book by incorporating their own notes and taking only the portion of the book they need to class – all at a fraction of the bound book price.

Table of Contents




The Legacy of Drawing 

Extending the Definition of Drawing 

The Student and Master Drawings 

The Issue of Talent 

The Public Side of Drawing 

Seeing Versus Naming 

Drawing as a Process 

The Merits of a Sketchbook 


1              The Three-Dimensional Space of a Drawing 

Making Your Mark 

The Mark Versus the Line 


The Picture Plane 

The Picture Plane Begins Your Space 

Fundamental Methods for Creating Three-Dimensional Space 

Looking at Space 

Gesture Drawing as a Means of Capturing Space 

Mapping out your Drawing Using Constellations

2              The Two-Dimensional Space of a Drawing 

Two-Dimensional Space and Modern Art 

The Shape of a Drawing 

Positive and Negative Shape 

Implications of the Term Negative Shape 

Accentuating the Positive or the Negative 

Ambiguous Space 

3              Shape, Proportion, and Layout 

Drawing in Proportion 

Shape and Proportion 

Shape and Foreshortening 

Measuring with Your Pencil 

Using the Viewfinder to See Proportion 

Spatial Configurations 

Angling and the Picture Plane 

Advice on the Use of Proportioning Techniques 

Laying Out Your Drawing 

Tips on Selecting a Vantage Point 

Tips on Laying Out Your Image 

4              Linear Perspective 

Point of View 

Convergence and Fixed Position 

One-Point Perspective 

Two-Point Perspective 

The Circle in Perspective 

Other Geometric Volumes and Near-Geometric Volumes 

The Advantages and Shortcomings of Linear Perspective 

Three-Point Perspective 


5              Form in Space 

The Visual and the Tactile 

Form and Gestalt 

Approaches to General Form Analysis and Depiction 

Cross Contour

Surface Structure of Natural Forms 

6              Form in Light 

The Directional Nature of Light 

Value Shapes 

Local Value 

Directional Light and Local Value 

Optical Grays 


7              The Interaction of Drawing and Design 

Drawing and Design: A Natural Union

Principles of Design 

Gesture Drawing as a Means to Design 

8              Drawing the Human Figure 

Why Draw the Figure? 

Body Identification 


Gesture Drawing as a Means to Interpret the Figure 

Anatomy in More Depth 

The Importance of Gesture in Longer Poses 

Fleshing Out Your Drawing 

Drawing Hands and Feet 

The Figure as Narrative 


9              Subject Matter: Sources and Meanings 

Traditional Subject Matter Areas 

Subject Matter as a Source of Meaning 

Thematic Variations 

10            The Form of Expression 

The Two Definitions of the Term Form 

Studying the Form of a Masterwork 

The Matter of Pictorial Invention 

What Is Abstraction Anyway? 

The Primacy of Form in the Visual Arts 

Form as a Source of Meaning 

Troubleshooting Your Drawings 

Critical Questions to Ask About Your Drawings 

The Issue of Detail


11            Visualizations: Drawing Upon Your Imagination  

Visualizing with a Purpose 

Practical Advice for Drawing Visualized Images 

Freeing Up Your Imagination 

Categories of the Visualized Image 


12            Using Color in Drawing 

Basic Color Theory and Terminology  

Color Schemes 

Using Color to Represent Space and Form 

Color and Design 

Color and Expression 


13            Portfolio of Student Drawings

Portrait and Self-Portrait 

Visualized Images 

Unusual Subject Matter

Graphic Novels and Comics

Computer-Generated Images

14            Portfolio of Contemporary Drawings


                Historical Background


Realism and Reality




Expanded Format and Mixed Media






Social and Political Themes


Art and Technology





Glossary of Terms 



Drawing: Space, Form, and Expression, Books a la Carte Edition, 4th Edition

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