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Early Literacy Instruction: Teaching Reading and Writing in Today's Primary Grades, 2nd Edition

By John A. Smith, Sylvia Read

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Apr 17, 2008


This introductory  K-3 literacy text models explicit instruction as a vehicle for developing reading and writing skills in primary classrooms.  The authors rely on both recent research and personal experience, sharing classroom-proven lesson plans, samples of student work, and examples from the classroom to ground and apply each chapter's content.  A new focus on struggling readers - in feature boxes within each chapter, as adaptation ideas within lesson plans, and in a complete chapter (Chapter 11 - Interventions for Struggling Readers) - gives you the information you need to detect, assess, and address the needs of these students.  English Language Learner notes provide guidance for meeting the needs of students whose first language is not English. 


Table of Contents

1.    What is Reading?

Reading is Constructing Meaning

Components of Reading

Attitude Toward Reading

2.    Organizing for Literacy Instruction

Why a Reading Framework Rather Than a Reading Program

A Five-Part Reading Instruction Framework

Physical Environment

Instructional Materials

Explicit Instruction

Building and Using a Classroom Library

3.    Building Early Literacy Skills

Oral Language: Building a Necessary Foundation

Alphabet Knowledge: Learning Letter Names and Sounds

Phonemic Awareness: Recognizing and Using Speech Sounds

Print Awareness: Understanding How Print Works

4.    Reading Aloud to Children

Purposes for Reading Aloud

Teaching Children to Respond to Literature

Reading Aloud to Teach Comprehension

Comprehension Strategy Instruction

Types of Text to Read Aloud

5.    Word Study

Understanding Word Identification

What to Teach: Common Spelling Patterns

Teaching Spelling Patterns: An Explicit Instruction Model

Sample Explicit Instruction Lessons for Spelling Patterns

Building Students' Sight Vocabularies

Teaching Multi-Syllable Words

Additional Guide Practice Word Study Activities

6.    Differentiated Small-Group Reading Instruction

Issues Associated with Small-Group Instruction

Placing Students into Differentiated Reading Groups

Differentiated Small-Group Reading Lesson Components

7.    Independent Reading, Writing, and Learning-Center Activities

Becky's Small-Group Lesson

Preparing Students to Work Independently

Three Options for Independent Work Time

8.    Effective Writing Instruction

The Reading-Writing Connection

Writing Workshop

Writing in Many Genres

9.    Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum

Reading Informational Texts

Writing Informational Texts

Reading, Writing, and Math

Reading, Writing, and Science

Reading, Writing, and Social Studies

10.  Reading Assessment That Guides Instruction

Assessment Issues

Assessing the Essential Elements of Reading

11.  Interventions for Struggling Readers

The Need for Reading Instruction Intervention

The Classroom Teacher is Responsible

Strong Classroom-Based Reading Instruction

In-Class Interventions

Resource Program Interventions

Using Assessment Data to Plan Instruction

Enlisting Parent Support

School-Level Interventions

12.  Putting It All Together

A Day in Mr. Green's First Grade Classroom


Appendix A    Word Parts We Use

Appendix B    Spelling Pattern Word Familiies

Appendix C    Spelling Patterns List

Appendix D    Flashcards

Appendix E    Bingo

Appendix F    Spelling Test

Appendix G    Reading Rates

Appendix H    Individual Reading Record

Appendix I    Status of the Class