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Earthquakes: Science & Society, 2nd Edition

By David S. Brumbaugh

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Mar 17, 2009

Description

This reader-friendly, carefully illustrated text introduces the scientific, historical, and personal safety aspects of earthquakes. It is significantly broader in perspective than other texts on the subject, providing the basic scientific facts about earthquakes, explaining how the study of earthquakes has progressed through time, offering details on the development of earthquake instruments, and covering immediately practical aspects such as personal safety, building and living in areas prone to earthquakes, and earthquake geography. No prior courses are assumed.

Table of Contents

PART I: Earthquake Basics

1. Earthquakes: Myths, Legends, and Logic
Myths, Legends, and Gods: Early Ideas on the Origin of Earthquakes
The Natural World and Earthquakes
The Age of Reason: The Eighteenth Century
The Elastic Rebound Theory
Summary

2. Measuring Earthquakes
Intensity of Ground Shaking
Development of Early Mechanical Seismographs
Seismographs and Earthquake Waves
Digital Networks and Arrays
Summary

3. Faults and Earthquakes
An Introduction to Faults and Faulting
Not all Faults are Alike
Fault Surfaces and Processes
Fault Behavior and Time
Faults and Topography
Hidden Faults
Summary

PART II: Earthquake Data Analysis and its Contributions to Science

4. Earthquake Size and Location
Introduction
Earthquake Location
Earthquake Depth
Earthquake Size
Summary

5. The Earthquake Process
Introduction
An Important Clue: First Motion of the Ground
The Fault Plane Solution: A Most Powerful Tool
Focus Versus Fault: Earthquake Modeling
Fault Plane Solution Versus Earthquake Modeling
The Hidden is Revealed
Summary

6. Plate Tectonics
Introduction
Puzzles and Pieces
The Appeal of Continental Drift: The Mountain that came to Mohammed
The Engine that Couldn’t
Convection and a Mobile Seafloor
Magnets, Poles, and Submarines: The Great Discovery
Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics
Summary

7. Journey to the Center of the Earth
Introduction
Caves and Hollow Places Below: Ideas About Earth’s Interior
Solid as a Rock
A Layered Earth: P-Wave Echoes
Structure of Earth’s Interior
X-Rays into Earth: Through a Glass Darkly
Summary

8. Earthquakes and Tsunamis
Introduction
What is a Tsunami?
Sumatra (2004)
New Guinea (1998)
Lituya Bay, Alaska (1958)
Summary

9. Earthquake Triggering
Introduction
The Clues were there
Summary

PART III: Earthquakes, Earthquake Geography, and Safety

10. Great Historic Earthquakes
Introduction
Kourion
Basel
Shansi
Jamaica
Lisbon
New Madrid
Sonora, Mexico
San Francisco
Tokyo
Chile
Alaska
Peru
Mexico, City
Izmit
Sumatra
Sichuan

11. Earthquakes in the United States
Introduction
The Western United States
 The  Eastern United States
Summary

12. Earthquake Prediction
Introduction
Snakes, Yaks, and Cockroaches
New Madrid: A False Alarm
Earthquake Prediction: The Long and Short of it
Short Term Prediction: Precursors, Successes and Failures
The Dilatant-Diffusion Theory
Parkfield: The Earthquake Prediction Experiment
PRENLAB: An Interesting Success Story
Fossil Earthquakes: Rocks Tell Tales
California and the Big One
Emergency Preparedness
Summary

13. What to do Before, During, and After an Earthquake
Introduction
Earthquake Hazards
Preparation Before and Earthquake
During an Earthquake
After an Earthquake
Case Histories: Luck Plays a Part
Summary

14. Building for Earthquake Safety
Introduction
The Basics: What is a Building?
The Role of Design in Safety
Ornamental Design and Chimneys
Mobile Homes
Summary

Appendix A: Government Emergency Services and Geoscience Departments
Appendix B: Computer Based Earthquake Information
Appendix C: Suggested Readings
Illustration Credits
Glossary of Terms
Index

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Earthquakes: Science & Society, 2nd Edition

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$106.65 $101.32 | ISBN-13: 978-0-321-61228-1

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