## Description

A special edition of Triola’s Elementary Statistics that includes data specific to California:

- An appendix dedicated to applications based on California specific data.
**Chapter 1**includes a data application based on the California Health Interview Survey.-
**Chapter 2**includes a data application involving earthquake magnitudes and depths that were measured in California. -
**Chapter 4**has a data application that uses past results of California births from different race or ethnic groups. - Other data applications involve rainfall in San Francisco, California lottery results, salaries of baseball players for the L. A. Angels and L. A. Dodgers, rankings of California colleges, water runoff amounts in the San Joaquin Valley, on-time flight data at Los Angeles International Airport, and air passenger traffic at the Oakland, Santa Ana, and San Jose airports.

## Table of Contents

**Chapter 1 Introduction to Statistics **2

**1-1 **Review and Preview 4

**1-2 **Statistical Thinking 4

**1-3 **Types of Data 11

**1-4 **Critical Thinking 17

**1-5 **Collecting Sample Data 26

**Chapter 2 Summarizing and Graphing Data **44

**2-1 **Review and Preview 46

**2-2 **Frequency Distributions 46

**2-3 **Histograms 55

**2-4 **Statistical Graphics 59

**2-5 **Critical Thinking: Bad Graphs 70

**Chapter 3 Statistics for Describing, Exploring, and Comparing Data **82

**3-1 **Review and Preview 84

**3-2 **Measures of Center 84

**3-3 **Measures of Variation 99

**3-4 **Measures of Relative Standing and Boxplots 114

**Chapter 4 Probability **136

**4-1 **Review and Preview 138

**4-2 **Basic Concepts of Probability 138

**4-3 **Addition Rule 152

**4-4 **Multiplication Rule: Basics 159

**4-5 **Multiplication Rule: Complements and Conditional Probability 171

**4-6 **Probabilities Through Simulations 178

**4-7 **Counting 184

**4-8 **Bayes’ Theorem (on CD-ROM) 193

**Chapter 5 Discrete Probability Distributions **202

**5-1 **Review and Preview 204

**5-2 **Random Variables 205

**5-3 **Binomial Probability Distributions 218

**5-4 **Mean, Variance, and Standard Deviation for

the Binomial Distribution 229

**5-5 **Poisson Probability Distributions 234

**Chapter 6 Normal Probability Distributions **248

**6-1 **Review and Preview 250

**6-2 **The Standard Normal Distribution 251

**6-3 **Applications of Normal Distributions 264

**6-4 **Sampling Distributions and Estimators 276

**6-5 **The Central Limit Theorem 287

**6-6 **Normal as Approximation to Binomial 299

**6-7 **Assessing Normality 309

**Chapter 7 Estimates and Sample Sizes **326

**7-1 **Review and Preview 328

**7-2 **Estimating a Population Proportion 328

**7-3 **Estimating a Population Mean: Known 345

**7-4 **Estimating a Population Mean: Not Known 355

**7-5 **Estimating a Population Variance 370

**Chapter 8 Hypothesis Testing **390

**8-1 **Review and Preview 392

**8-2 **Basics of Hypothesis Testing 393

**8-3 **Testing a Claim About a Proportion 412

**8-4 **Testing a Claim About a Mean: Known 425

**8-5 **Testing a Claim About a Mean: Not Known 432

**8-6 **Testing a Claim About a Standard Deviation or Variance 443

**Chapter 9 Inferences from Two Samples **460

**9-1 **Review and Preview 462

**9-2 **Inferences About Two Proportions 462

**9-3 **Inferences About Two Means: Independent Samples 473

**9-4 **Inferences from Dependent Samples 487

**9-5 **Comparing Variation in Two Samples 497

**Chapter 10 Correlation and Regression **516

**10-1 **Review and Preview 518

**10-2 **Correlation 518

**10-3 **Regression 536

**10-4 **Variation and Prediction Intervals 551

**10-5 **Multiple Regression 560

**10-6 **Modeling 570

**Chapter 11 Goodness-of-Fit and Contingency Tables **584

**11-1 **Review and Preview 586

**11-2 **Goodness-of-Fit 586

**11-3 **Contingency Tables 598

**11-4 **McNemar’s Test for Matched Pairs 611

**Chapter 12 Analysis of Variance **626

**12-1 **Review and Preview 628

**12-2 **One-Way ANOVA 628

**12-3 **Two-Way ANOVA 642

**Chapter 13 Nonparametric Statistics **660

**13-1 **Review and Preview 662

**13-2 **Sign Test 663

**13-3 **Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test for Matched Pairs 674

**13-4 **Wilcoxon Ranked-Sum Test for Two Independent Samples 680

**13-5 **Kruskal-Wallis Test 686

**13-6 **Rank Correlation 691

**13-7 **Runs Test for Randomness 699

**California Data Applications Supplement **715

**Appendices **753

Appendix A: Tables 754

Appendix B: Data Sets 775

Appendix C: Bibliography of Books and Web Sites 804

Appendix D: Answers to Odd-Numbered Section Exercises, plus Answers to All End-of-Chapter Statistical Literacy and Critical Thinking Exercises, Chapter Quick Quizzes, Review Exercises, and Cumulative Review Exercises 805

**Credits **851

**Index **853