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Elementary Statistics in Social Research: The Essentials, CourseSmart eTextbook, 3rd Edition

By Jack A. Levin, James Alan Fox

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Mar 29, 2010

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Description

This text provides a streamlined and accessible introduction to statistics for students in sociology, criminal justice, political science, social work, and other social sciences. This text offers an essential and accessible overview to the introduction to social statistics. Clearly written with detailed step-by-step illustrations of statistical procedures, this text provides clear and logical explanations for the rationale and use of statistical methods of social research. Numerous end-of-chapter questions in every chapter reinforce key concepts to students.

Table of Contents

IN THIS SECTION
1.) BRIEF
2.) COMPREHENSIVE



BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter 1 Why the Social Researcher Uses Statistics


Part I Description
Chapter 2 Organizing the Data

Chapter 3 Measures of Central Tendency
Chapter 4 Measures of Variability

Part II From Description to Decision Making

Chapter 5 Probability and the Normal Curve

Chapter 6  Samples and Populations

Part III Decision Making

Chapter 7 Testing Differences Between Means

Chapter 8 Analysis of Variance

Chapter 9 Nonparametric Tests of Significance

Part IV From Decision Making to Association

Chapter 10 Correlation
Chapter 11 Regression Analysis
Chapter 12 Nonparametric Measures of Correlation 


Part V Applying Statistics

Chapter 13 Applying Statistical Procedures to Research Problems



COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter 1 Why the Social Researcher Uses Statistics

The Nature of Social Research
Why Test Hypotheses?

The Stages of Social Research

Using Series of Numbers to Do Social Research

The Functions of Statistics

Looking at the Larger Picture: A Student Survey

 

Part I  Description


Chapter 2 Organizing the Data

Frequency Distributions of Nominal Data

Comparing Distributions

Proportions and Percentages

Simple Frequency Distributions of Ordinal and Interval Data

Grouped Frequency Distributions of Interval Data

Cumulative Distributions

Dealing with Decimal Data

Flexible Class Intervals

Cross-Tabulations

Graphic Presentations

 

Chapter 3 Measures of Central Tendency

The Mode

The Median

The Mean

Taking One Step at a Time

     Step-by-Step Illustration: Mode, Median and Mean

Comparing the Mode, Median, and Mean

 

Chapter 4 Measures of Variability

The Range

The Variance and Standard Deviation

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Standard deviation

The Raw-Score Formula for Variance and Standard Deviation

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Variance and Standard Deviation Using Raw Scores

The Meaning of the Standard Deviation

Comparing Measures of Variability

Looking at the Larger Picture: Describing Data

 

Part II  From Description to Decision Making

 

Chapter 5 Probability and the Normal Curve

Probability

Probability Distributions

The Normal Curve as a Probability Distribution

Characteristics of the Normal Curve

The Model and the Reality of the Normal Curve

The Area Under the Normal Curve

Finding Probability Under the Normal Curve

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Probability under the Normal Curve


Chapter 6 Samples and Populations

Random Sampling

Sampling Error

Sampling Distribution of Means

Standard Error of the Mean

Confidence Intervals

The t Distribution

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Confidence Interval Using t

Estimating Proportions

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Confidence Intervals for Proportions

Looking at the Larger Picture: Generalizing From Samples to Populations

 

Part III  Decision Making


Chapter 7 Testing Differences Between Means

The Null Hypothesis: No Difference Between Means

The Research Hypothesis: A Difference Between Means

Sampling Distribution of Differences Between Means

Testing Hypotheses with the Distribution of Differences Between Means

Levels of Significance

Standard Error of the Difference Between Means

Testing the Difference Between Means

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Test of Difference Between Means

Comparing the Same Sample Measured Twice

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Test of Difference between Means for Same Sample Measured Twice

Two Sample Tests of Proportions

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Test of Difference Between Proportions

Requirements for Testing the Difference Between Means

 

Chapter 8 Analysis of Variance.

The Logic of Analysis of Variance

The Sum of Squares

Mean Square

The F Ratio

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Analysis of Variance

Requirements for Using the F Ratio


Chapter 9 Nonparametric Tests of Significance

The Chi-Square Test

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Chi-Square Test of Significanc

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Comparin Several groups

The Median Test

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Median Test

Looking at the Larger Picture: Testing Differences

 

Part IV  From Decision Making to Association


Chapter 10 Correlation

Strength of Correlation

Direction of Correlation

Curvilinear Correlation

The Correlation Coefficient

Pearson's Correlation Coefficient

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Pearson's Correlation Coefficient

Chapter 11 Regression Analysis

The Regression Model

Interpreting the Regression Line

Regression and Pearson's Correlation

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Step-by-Step Illustration: Regression Analysis

 

Chapter 12 Nonparametric Measures of Correlation

Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient

Goodman's and Kruskal's Gamma

    Step-by-Step Illustration: Goodman's and Kruskal's Gamma

Correlation Coefficient for Nominal Data Arranged in a 2 x 2 Table

Correlation Coefficients for Nominal Data in Larger Than 2 x 2 Tables

Looking at the Larger Picture: Measuring Association


Part V Applying Statistics


Chapter 13 Applying Statistical Procedures to Research Problems

Research Situations

Research Solutions

 

Appendix A. A Review of Some Fundamentals of Mathematics

Appendix B. Tables

Appendix C. List of Formulas

Glossary

Answers to Selected Problems

Index

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Elementary Statistics in Social Research: The Essentials, CourseSmart eTextbook, 3rd Edition
Format: Safari Book

$62.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-205-79790-5