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Elementary Surveying, 14th Edition

By Charles D. Ghilani, Paul R. Wolf

Published by Prentice Hall

Published Date: Jan 7, 2014


Elementary Surveying, Fourteenth Edition, is ideal for Surveying courses offered in Civil Engineering departments and is a useful reference for civil engineers.


This highly readable, best-selling text presents basic concepts and practical material in each of the areas fundamental to modern surveying (geomatics) practice. Its depth and breadth are ideal for self-study. Elementary Surveying, Fourteenth Edition, is updated throughout to reflect the latest advances and technology.


Teaching and Learning Experience

This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience—for you and your students. It will help:

  • Emphasize the Theory of Errors in Surveying Work: Common errors and mistakes are listed to remind students to exercise caution in their work.
  • Use Strong Pedagogy Tools to Teach: Numerous worked example problems, figures, illustrations, and end-of-chapter problems help students apply concepts.
  • Reflect the Latest Advances in Technology: To keep your course current and relevant, this edition covers the latest advancements in surveying technology.


Table of Contents

1 Introduction

1.1 Definition of Surveying

1.2 Geomatics

1.3 History of Surveying

1.4 Geodetic and Plane Surveys

1.5 Importance of Surveying

1.6 Specialized Types of Surveys

1.7 Surveying Safety

1.8 Land and Geographic Information Systems

1.9 Federal Surveying and Mapping Agencies

1.10 The Surveying Profession

1.11 Professional Surveying Organizations

1.12 Surveying on the Internet

1.13 Future Challenges in Surveying



2 Units, Significant Figures, and Field Notes

Part I Ï Units and Significant Figures

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Units of Measurement

2.3 International System of Units (SI)

2.4 Significant Figures

2.5 Rounding Off Numbers

Part II Ï Field Notes

2.6 Field Notes

2.7 General Requirements of Handwritten Field Notes

2.8 Types of Field Books

2.9 Kinds of Notes

2.10 Arrangements of Notes

2.11 Suggestions for Recording Notes

2.12 Introduction to Survey Controllers

2.13 Transfer of Files from Survey Controllers

2.14 Digital Data File Management

2.15 Advantages and Disadvantages of Survey Controllers



3  Theory of Errors in Observations

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Direct and Indirect Observations

3.3 Errors in Measurements

3.4 Mistakes

3.5 Sources of Errors in Making Observations

3.6 Types of Errors

3.7 Precision and Accuracy

3.8 Eliminating Mistakes and Systematic Errors

3.9 Probability

3.10 Most Probable Value

3.11 Residuals

3.12 Occurrence of Random Errors

3.13 General Laws of Probability

3.14 Measures of Precision

3.15 Interpretation of Standard Deviation

3.16 The 50, 90, and 95 Percent Errors

3.17 Error Propagation

3.17.1 Error of a Sum

3.17.2 Error of a Series

3.17.3 Error of a Product

3.17.4 Error of the Mean

3.18 Applications

3.19 Conditional Adjustment of Observations

3.20 Weights of Observations

3.21 Least-Squares Adjustment

3.22 Using Software



4  Leveling—Theory, Methods, and Equipment

Part I Ï Leveling—Theory and Methods

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Definitions

4.3 North American Vertical Datum

4.4 Curvature and Refraction

4.5 Methods for Determining Differences in Elevation

4.5.1 Measuring Vertical Distances by Taping or Electronic Methods

4.5.2 Differential Leveling

4.5.3 Barometric Leveling

4.5.4 Trigonometric Leveling

Part II Ï Equipment for Differential Leveling

4.6 Categories of Levels

4.7 Telescopes

4.8 Level Vials

4.9 Tilting Levels

4.10 Automatic Levels

4.11 Digital Levels

4.12 Tripods

4.13 Hand Level

4.14 Level Rods

4.15 Testing and Adjusting Levels

4.15.1 Requirements for Testing and Adjusting Instruments

4.15.2 Adjusting for Parallax

4.15.3 Testing and Adjusting Level Vials

4.15.4 Preliminary Adjustment of the Horizontal Cross Hair

4.15.5 Testing and Adjusting the Line of Sight



5 Leveling—Field Procedures and Computations

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Carrying and Setting Up a Level

5.3 Duties of a Rodperson

5.4 Differential Leveling

5.5 Precision

5.6 Adjustments of Simple Level Circuits

5.7 Reciprocal Leveling

5.8 Three-Wire Leveling

5.9 Profile Leveling

5.9.1 Staking and Stationing the Reference Line

5.9.2 Field Procedures for Profile Leveling

5.9.3 Drawing and Using the Profile

5.10 Grid, Cross-Section, or Borrow-Pit Leveling

5.11 Use of the Hand Level

5.12 Sources of Error in Leveling

5.12.1 Instrumental Errors

5.12.2 Natural Errors

5.12.3 Personal Errors

5.13 Mistakes

5.14 Reducing Errors and Eliminating Mistakes

5.15 Using Software



6 Distance Measurement

Part I Ï Methods for Measuring Distances

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Summary of Methods for Making Linear Measurements

6.3 Pacing

6.4 Odometer Readings

6.5 Optical Rangefinders

6.6 Tacheometry

6.7 Subtense Bar

Part II Ï Distance Measurements by Taping

6.8 Introduction to Taping

6.9 Taping Equipment and Accessories

6.10 Care of Taping Equipment

6.11 Taping on Level Ground

6.11.1 Lining In

6.11.2 Applying Tension

6.11.3 Plumbing

6.11.4 Marking Tape Lengths

6.11.5 Reading the Tape

6.11.6 Recording the Distance

6.12 Horizontal Measurements on Sloping Ground

6.13 Slope Measurements

These online resources are available at no cost.

Companion Website for Elementary Surveying, 14th Edition

Purchase Info

ISBN-10: 0-13-375888-5

ISBN-13: 978-0-13-375888-7

Format: Book

$227.40 | Free Ground Shipping.

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