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Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, 4th Edition

By H. Scott Fogler

Published by Prentice Hall

Published Date: Aug 23, 2005

Description

The Definitive, Fully Updated Guide to Solving Real-World Chemical Reaction Engineering Problems

The fourth edition of Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering is a completely revised version of the worldwide best-selling book. It combines authoritative coverage of the principles of chemical reaction engineering with an unsurpassed focus on critical thinking and creative problem solving, employing open-ended questions and stressing the Socratic method. Clear and superbly organized, it integrates text, visuals, and computer simulations to help readers solve even the most challenging problems through reasoning, rather than by memorizing equations.

Thorough coverage of the fundamentals of chemical reaction engineering forms the backbone of this trusted text. To enhance the transfer of core skills to real-life settings, three styles of problems are included for each subject

  1. Straightforward problems that reinforce the material
  2. Problems that allow students to explore the issues and look for optimum solutions
  3. Open-ended problems that encourage students to practice creative problem-solving skills

H. Scott Fogler has updated his classic text to provide even more coverage of bioreactions, industrial chemistry with real reactors and reactions, and an even broader range of applications, along with the newest digital techniques, such as FEMLAB. The fourth edition of Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering contains wide-ranging examples—from smog to blood clotting, ethylene oxide production to tissue engineering, antifreeze to cobra bites, and computer chip manufacturing to chemical plant safety.

About the CD-ROM

The CD-ROM offers numerous enrichment opportunities for both students and instructors, including the following Learning Resources:

  • Summary Notes: Chapter-specific interactive material to address the different learning styles in the Felder/Solomon learning-style index
  • Learning Resources: Web modules, reactor lab modules, interactive computer modules, solved problems, and problem-solving heuristics
  • Living Example Problems: More than fifty-five interactive simulations in POLYMATH software, which allow students to explore the examples and ask “what-if” questions
  • Professional Reference Shelf: Advanced content, ranging from collision and transition state theory to aerosol reactors, DFT, runaway reactions, and pharmacokinetics
  • Additional Study Materials: Extra homework problems, course syllabi, and Web links to related material
  • Latest Software to Solve “Digital Age” Problems: FEMLAB to solve PDEs for the axial and radial concentration and temperature profiles, and Polymath to do regression, solve nonlinear equations, and solve single and coupled ODEs

Throughout the book, icons help readers link concepts and procedures to the material on the CD-ROM for fully integrated learning and reference.



Table of Contents

1. Mole Balances.

    The Rate of Reaction

    The General Mole Balance Equation

    Batch Reactors

    Continuous-Flow Reactors

    Industrial Reactors

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Supplementary Reading

2. Conversion and Reactor Sizing.

    Definition of Conversion

    Batch Reactor Design Equations

    Design Equations for Flow Reactors

    Applications of the Design Equations for Continuous-Flow Reactors

    Reactors in Series

    Some Further Definitions

    Summary

    CD-ROM Materials

    Questions and Problems

    Supplementary Reading

3. Rate Laws and Stoichiometry.

    Part 1. Rate Laws

    Basic Definitions

    The Reaction Order and the Rate Law

    The Reaction Rate Constant

    Present Status of Our Approach to Reactor Sizing and Design

    Part 2. Stoichiometry

    Batch Systems

    Flow Systems

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Supplementary Reading

4. Isothermal Reactor Design.

    Part 1. Mole Balances in Terms of Conversion

    Design Structure for Isothermal Reactors

    Scale-Up of Liquid-Phase Batch Reactor Data to the Design of a CSTR

    Design of Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs)

    Tubular Reactors

    Pressure Drop in Reactors

    Synthesizing the Design of a Chemical Plant

    Part 2. Mole Balances Written in Terms of Concentration and Molar Flow Rate

    Mole Balances on CSTRs, PFRs, PBRs, and Batch Reactors

    Microreactors

    Membrane Reactors

    Unsteady-State Operation of Stirred Reactors

    The Practical Side

    Summary

    ODE Solver Algorithm

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Some Thoughts on Critiquing What You read

    Journal Critique Problems

    Supplementary Reading

5. Collection and Analysis of Rate Data.

    The Algorithm for Data Analysis

    Batch Reactor Data

    Method of Initial Rates

    Method of Half-Lives

    Differential Reactors

    Experimental Planning

    Evaluation of Laboratory Reactors

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Journal Critique Problems

    Supplementary Reading

6. Multiple Reactions.

    Definitions

    Parallel Reactions

    Maximizing the Desired Product in Series Reactions

    Algorithm for Solution of Complex Reactions

    Multiple Reactions in a PFR/PBR

    Multiple Reactions in a CSTR

    Membrane Reactors to Improve Selectivity in Multiple Reactions

    Complex Reactions of Ammonia Oxidation

    Sorting It All Out

    The Fun Part

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Journal Critique Problems

    Supplementary Reading

7. Reaction Mechanisms, Pathways, Bioreactions, and Bioreactors.

    Active Intermediates and Nonelementary Rate Laws

    Enzymatic Reaction Fundamentals

    Inhibition of Enzyme Reactions

    Bioreactors

    Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic (PBPK) Models

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Journal Critique Problems

    Supplementary Reading

8. Steady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design.

    Rationale

    The Energy Balance

    Adiabatic Operation

    Steady-State Tubular Reactor with Heat Exchange

    Equilibrium Conversion

    CSTR with Heat Effects

    Multiple Steady States

    Nonisothermal Multiple Chemical Reactions

    Radial and Axial Variations in a Tubular Reactor

    The Practical Side

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Journal Critique Problems

    Supplementary Reading

9. Unsteady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design.

    The Unsteady-State Energy Balance

    Energy Balance on Batch Reactors

    Semibatch Reactors with a Heat Exchanger

    Unsteady Operation of a CSTR

    Nonisothermal Multiple Reactions

    Unsteady Operation of Plug-Flow Reactors

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Supplementary Reading

10. Catalysis and Catalytic Reactors.

    Catalysts

    Steps in a Catalytic Reaction

    Synthesizing a Rate Law, Mechanism, and Rate-Limiting Step

    Heterogeneous Data Analysis for Reactor Design

    Reaction Engineering in Microelectronic Fabrication

    Model Discrimination

    Catalyst Deactivation

    Summary

    ODE Solver Algorithm

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Journal Critique Problems

    Supplementary Reading

11. External Diffusion Effects on Heterogeneous Reactions.

    Diffusion Fundamentals

    Binary Diffusion

    External Resistance to Mass Transfer

    What If . . . ? (Parameter Sensitivity)

    The Shrinking Core Model

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Supplementary Reading

12. Diffusion and Reaction.

    Diffusion and Reaction in Spherical Catalyst Pellets

    Internal Effectiveness Factor

    Falsified Kinetics

    Overall Effectiveness Factor

    Estimation of Diffusion- and Reaction-Limited Regimes

    Mass Transfer and Reaction in a Packed Bed

    Determination of Limiting Situations from Reaction Data

    Multiphase Reactors

    Fluidized Bed Reactors

    Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Journal Article Problems

    Journal Critique Problems

    Supplementary Reading

13. Distributions of Residence Times for Chemical Reactors.

    General Characteristics

    Part 1. Characteristics and Diagnostics

    Measurement of the RTD

    Characteristics of the RTD

    RTD in Ideal Reactors

    Diagnostics and Troubleshooting

    Part 2. Predicting Conversion and Exit Concentration

    Reactor Modeling Using the RTD

    Zero-Parameter Models

    Using Software Packages

    RTD and Multiple Reactions

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Supplementary Reading

14. Models for Nonideal Reactors.

    Some Guidelines

    Tanks-in-Series (T-I-S) Model

    Dispersion Model

    Flow, Reaction, and Dispersion

    Tanks-in-Series Model Versus Dispersion Model

    Numerical Solutions to Flows with Dispersion and Reaction

    Two-Parameter Models-Modeling Real Reactors with Combinations of Ideal Reactors

    Use of Software Packages to Determine the Model Parameters

    Other Models of Nonideal Reactors Using CSTRs and PFRs

    Applications to Pharmacokinetic Modeling

    Summary

    CD-ROM Material

    Questions and Problems

    Supplementary Reading

Appendix A: Numerical Techniques.

Appendix B: Ideal Gas Constant and Conversion Factors.

Appendix C: Thermodynamic Relationships Involving the Equilibrium Constant.

Appendix D: Measurement of Slopes on Semilog Paper.

Appendix E: Software Packages.

Appendix F: Nomenclature.

Appendix G: Rate Law Data.

Appendix H: Open-Ended Problems.

Appendix I: How to Use the CD-ROM.

Appendix J: Use of Computational Chemistry Software Packages.

Index.

About the CD-ROM.

 

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Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, 4th Edition

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