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Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering, CourseSmart eTextbook

By H. Scott Fogler

Published by Prentice Hall

Published Date: Nov 2, 2010

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Description

This is the complete, modern introduction to chemical reaction engineering for today's readers: students who demand instantaneous access to information, have no time to waste, and want to enjoy the learning process while building their skills with both critical thinking and creative problem solving. H. Scott Fogler and M. Nihat Gürmen build on the strengths of their classic Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Fourth Edition, enabling students to learn chemical reaction engineering through logic rather than memorization. They also provide extensive new resources to help students gain a deep intuitive understanding of how reactors behave in diverse situations. For example, they provide more than 60 realistic interactive simulations on CD-ROM - just one of many tools, videos, and games designed to support students with many different learning styles. Much of this book's content has been revised based on feedback from 200+ University of Michigan students who classroom-tested this book. Coverage includes: mole balances; conversion and reactor sizing; rate laws; stoichiometry; isothermal reactor design; conversion; molar flow rates; collection and analysis of rate data; multiple reactions; reaction mechanisms, pathways, bioreactions, and bioreactors; catalysis and catalytic reactors; nonisothermal reactor design; steady state energy balance and adiabatic PFR applications; and both steady-state and unsteady-state nonisothermal reactor design.

Table of Contents

Preface xv

About the Author xxix

 

Chapter 1: Mole Balances 1

1.1 The Rate of Reaction, —rA 4

1.2 The General Mole Balance Equation 8

1.3 Batch Reactors (BRs) 10

1.4 Continuous-Flow Reactors 12

1.5 Industrial Reactors 22

 

Chapter 2: Conversion and Reactor Sizing 33

2.1 Definition of Conversion 34

2.2 Batch Reactor Design Equations 34

2.3 Design Equations for Flow Reactors 37

2.4 Sizing Continuous-Flow Reactors 40

2.5 Reactors in Series 49

2.6 Some Further Definitions 60

 

Chapter 3: Rate Laws 73

3.1 Basic Definitions 74

3.2 The Reaction Order and the Rate Law 76

3.3 The Reaction Rate Constant 86

3.4 Present Status of Our Approach to Reactor Sizing and Design 93

 

Chapter 4: Stoichiometry 105

4.1 Batch Systems 107

4.2 Flow Systems 113

 

Chapter 5: Isothermal Reactor Design: Conversion 139

5.1 Design Structure for Isothermal Reactors 140

5.2 Batch Reactors (BRs) 144

5.3 Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs) 152

5.4 Tubular Reactors 162

5.5 Pressure Drop in Reactors 169

5.6 Synthesizing the Design of a Chemical Plant 188

 

Chapter 6: Isothermal Reactor Design: Molar Flow Rates 207

6.1 The Molar Flow Rate Balance Algorithm 208

6.2 Mole Balances on CSTRs, PFRs, PBRs, and Batch Reactors 208

6.3 Applications of the Molar Flow Rate Algorithm to Microreactors 212

6.4 Membrane Reactors 217

6.5 Unsteady-State Operation of Stirred Reactors 225

6.6 Semibatch Reactors 226

 

Chapter 7: Collection and Analysis of Rate Data 245

7.1 The Algorithm for Data Analysis 246

7.2 Determining the Reaction Order for Each of Two Reactants Using the Method of Excess 248

7.3 Integral Method 249

7.4 Differential Method of Analysis 253

7.5 Nonlinear Regression 259

7.6 Reaction Rate Data from Differential Reactors 264

7.7 Experimental Planning 271

 

Chapter 8: Multiple Reactions 283

8.1 Definitions 283

8.2 Algorithm for Multiple Reactions 286

8.3 Parallel Reactions 289

8.4 Reactions in Series 298

8.5 Complex Reactions 308

8.6 Membrane Reactors to Improve Selectivity in Multiple Reactions 316

8.7 Sorting It All Out 321

8.8 The Fun Part 321

 

Chapter 9: Reaction Mechanisms, Pathways, Bioreactions, and Bioreactors 339

9.1 Active Intermediates and Nonelementary Rate Laws 340

9.2 Enzymatic Reaction Fundamentals 349

9.3 Inhibition of Enzyme Reactions 364

9.4 Bioreactors and Biosynthesis 371

 

Chapter 10: Catalysis and Catalytic Reactors 409

10.1 Catalysts 409

10.2 Steps in a Catalytic Reaction 415

10.3 Synthesizing a Rate Law, Mechanism, and Rate-Limiting Step 431

10.4 Heterogeneous Data Analysis for Reactor Design 446

10.5 Reaction Engineering in Microelectronic Fabrication 456

10.6 Model Discrimination 461

 

Chapter 11: Nonisothermal Reactor Design—The Steady State Energy Balance and Adiabatic PFR Applications 477

11.1 Rationale 478

11.2 The Energy Balance 479

11.3 The User Friendly Energy Balance Equations 486

11.4 Adiabatic Operation 492

11.5 Adiabatic Equilibrium Conversion and Reactor Staging 502

11.6 Optimum Feed Temperature 509

 

Chapter 12: Steady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design–Flow Reactors with Heat Exchange 521

12.1 Steady-State Tubular Reactor with Heat Exchange 522

12.2 Balance on the Heat Transfer Fluid 525

12.3 Algorithm for PFR/PBR Design with Heat Effects 527

12.4 CSTR with Heat Effects 545

12.5 Multiple Steady States (MSS) 556

12.6 Nonisothermal Multiple Chemical Reactions 563

12.7 Safety 577

 

Chapter 13: Unsteady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design 601

13.1 The Unsteady-State Energy Balance 602

13.2 Energy Balance on Batch Reactors 604

13.3 Semibatch Reactors with a Heat Exchanger 615

13.4 Unsteady Operation of a CSTR 620

13.5 Nonisothermal Multiple Reactions 624

 

Appendix A: Numerical Techniques 649

 

Appendix B: Ideal Gas Constant and Conversion Factors 655

 

Appendix C: Thermodynamic Relationships Involving the Equilibrium Constant 659

 

Appendix D: Nomenclature 665

 

Appendix E: Software Packages 669

E.1 Polymath 669

E.2 AspenTech 670

E.3 COMSOL 671

E.4 Software Packages 671

 

Appendix F: Rate Law Data 673

 

Appendix G: Open-Ended Problems 675

G.1 Design of Reaction Engineering Experiment 675

G.2 Effective Lubricant Design 675

G.3 Peach Bottom Nuclear Reactor 675

G.4 Underground Wet Oxidation 675

G.5 Hydrodesulfurization Reactor Design 676

G.6 Continuous Bioprocessing 676

G.7 Methanol Synthesis 676

G.8 Alcohol Metabolism 676

G.9 Methanol Poisoning 676

G.10 Cajun Seafood Gumbo 676

 

Appendix H: How to Use the DVD-ROM 679

H.1 DVD-ROM Components 679

H.2 How the DVD-ROM/Web Can Help Learning Styles 682

H.3 Navigation 683

 

Index 685

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Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering, CourseSmart eTextbook
Format: Safari Book

$65.00 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-261481-8