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Evaluating Practice: Guidelines for the Accountable Professional, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition

By Martin Bloom, Joel Fischer, John G. Orme

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jan 5, 2009

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Description

Evaluating Practice continues to be the most comprehensive practice evaluation text available.

 

Focusing on single-system designs, Evaluating Practice, 6/e presents clear guidelines on conceptualizing and measuring problems, developing practice-oriented evaluation designs, understanding and analyzing data, and ethical guidelines for practice evaluation. 

 

Unsurpassed among human service evaluation texts for bringing clarity to evaluation procedures, Evaluating Practice comes with a free CD-ROM featuring numerous programs,  including the innovative SINGWIN program for analyzing data (created by Charles Auerbach, David Schnall, and Heidi Heft Laporte of Yeshiva University), and the CASS and CAAP programs (created by Walter Hudson) for managing cases and scoring scales.

Table of Contents


Preface    

Prologue    

Part I

What Are You Getting Into? 

1  Integrating Evaluation and Practice   

Introduction to Single-System Designs  

What Are Single-System Designs? 

Evidence-Based Practice

Single-System Designs and Classical Research: The Knowledge-Building Context 

Single-System Evaluation, Qualitative Research, and Quantitative Research 

Advantages of Using Single-System Designs in Practice 

A Walk through the Evaluation Process 

Summary 

Part II

Conceptualizing and Measuring Targets and Objectives/Goals  

Basic Principles of Conceptualization and Measurement   

Introduction 

What Is Conceptualization? 

What Is Measurement? 

Definition as a First Step in Measurement 

Can Everything Be Measured? 

Key Characteristics of All Measures 

Summary 

3   Specifying Problems and Goals  

Introduction: From General Problems to Specific Targets of Intervention 

Specifying Client Concerns: Identifying and Clarifying Problems and Potentials 

Specifying Goals and Objectives

Using Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) to Establish Goals 

Setting Goals in Groups 

Problems and Issues in Setting Goals 

Summary 

Developing a Measurement and Recording Plan   

Introduction 

Steps in Developing a Recording Plan 

Charting: Putting Your Information on Graphs 

Problem-Oriented Records (POR)

Use of Computers in Evaluation and Practice 

Summary 

Computer Assisted Social Services (CASS): A User’s Guide 

Appendix: Installing CASS 

5   Behavioral Observation  

Introduction 

General Guidelines for Behavioral Observation 

Sampling Behaviors 

Instruments for Recording Behaviors 

Ensuring Accurate Observations 

Methods of Recording Behavior 

Analog Situations 

Recording Behavior in Groups 

Summary 

   Individualized Rating Scales  

Introduction 

Uses of Individualized Rating Scales 

Constructing and Using Individualized Rating Scales 

Summary 

7     Standardized Scales   

Introduction 

What Are Standardized Scales? 

Selecting a Standardized Scale 

Administering a Standardized Scale 

Some Available Standardized Self-Report Scales 

Some Available Standardized Scales for Practitioners 

Some Available Standardized Scales for Relevant Others 

Some Available Standardized Scales for Independent Observers 

Do-It-Yourself Scales 

Using Standardized Scales in Groups 

Computer Management of Standardized Scales 

Summary 

Appendix 


Computer Assisted Assessment Package (CAAP): A User’s Guide 


Logs   

Introduction 

Types of Client Logs 

Putting Qualitative and Quantitative Information Together 

Introducing Clients to Logs 

Practitioner Logs

Maximizing and Verifying the Reliability and Validity of Logs 

Summary 

9     Reactivity and Nonreactive Measures   

Introduction 

Reactivity of Measures 

Unobtrusive (Nonreactive) Measures 

Summary 


10    Selecting a Measure  

Introduction

Considerations in Deciding on a Measure 

Use of Multiple Measures 

Selecting a Measure 

Summary 


Part III

Evaluation Designs  

11    Basic Principles of Single-System Designs    

Introduction 

An Example Connecting Practice and Evaluation Designs 

Purposes of Single-System Designs

Unique Characteristics of Single-System Designs 

Causality in Single-System Designs 

External Validity and Generalizability 

Overview of Single-System Designs

Summary 


12    Baselining   

Introduction 

Purposes of the Baseline 

Types of Baselines 

How Long Should Baselining Continue? 

When Are Baselines Not Necessary? 

Issues Regarding Baselining 

Summary


13    From the Case Study to the Basic Single-System Design: A-B    

Introduction 

Case Studies or Predesigns

Design A-B: The Basic Single-System Design 

Summary 


14    The Experimental Single-System Designs: A-B-A, A-B-A-B, B-A-B   

Introduction

Basic Experimental Designs 

Summary 


15    Multiple Designs for Single Systems   

Introduction 

Multiple-Baseline Designs: Across Problems, Clients, or Settings 

Multiple-Target Designs

Variations on Multiple Designs 

Summary 


16   Changing Intensity Designs and Successive Intervention Designs   

Introduction 

Changing Intensity Designs: A-B1-B2-B3 

Successive Intervention Designs: A-B-C, A-B-A-C, A-B-A-C-A 

Summary 


17    Designs for Comparing Interventions   

Introduction 

Alternating Intervention Design: A-B/C-(B or C) 

Interaction Design: A-B-A-B-BC-B-BC 

Summary 


18      Selecting a Design   

Introduction

Framework for Selecting a Design 

Needed: A Design for All Seasons 

Creativity in Single-System Designs: Making Your Own Designs 

Evaluation in Minimal-Contact Situations 

Single-System Designs in Managed Care: The Stretch Design 

Trouble-Shooting: “Okay, I Understand Everything That You Said, but My Case Is Different.” 

Summary 


Part IV

Analyzing Your Results  

19      Basic Principles of Analysis   

Introduction 

Distinguishing Effort, Effectiveness, and Efficiency 

Significance—Practical, Statistical, and Theoretical 

Evaluating Goal Achievement 

Issues in Analysis of Data 

Computer Analysis of Data for Single-System Designs 

The Issue of Autocorrelation 

Tools in Analysis of Data 

Summary 


20   Visual Analysis of Single-System Design Data   

Introduction 

Definition of Terms 

Basic Patterns and Implications 

Visual Inspection of Raw Data 

Interpreting Ambiguous Patterns 

Problems of Visual Inspection 

Creating a Chart with SINGWIN 

Summary 


21    Descriptive Statistics   

Introduction 

Measures of Central Tendency 

Measures of Variation 

Using Measures of Central Tendency and Variability to Graph Group Data

Computing and Graphing Measures of Central Tendency and Variation with SINGWIN 

Measures of Trend

Measures of Effect Size 

Optimal Uses and Cautions for Specific Descriptive Statistics 

Summary 


22    Tests of Statistical Significance for Single-System Designs   

Introduction 

Proportion/Frequency Approach 

Three-Standard-Deviation-Band Approach (X-Moving-Range-Chart) 

Chi-Square 

Conservative Dual-Criteria (CDC) Approach 

t-Test 

General Considerations in Using Tests of Statistical Significance 

Optimal Uses and Cautions for Specific Analytic Procedures 

Summary 


23     Computer Analysis of Single-System Design Data   

Chapter Overview 

Starting SINGWIN 

Exiting SINGWIN 

Getting the Big Picture 

Using Specific Procedures 

Appendix: Installing Singwin 

Summary 


24    Selecting a Procedure for Analyzing Data   

Introduction 

Framework for Selecting a Procedure for Analyzing Data 

Other Statistical Considerations 

Nonstatistical Considerations 

Limitations 

Summary 


Part V

The Challenge of Single-System Designs   

25    Not for Practitioners Alone    

Introduction 

Special Applications of Single-System Designs 

Recent Criticisms of Single-System Evaluation 

For the Client 

For the Administrator 

For Educators and Students 

Summary 


                   References   

                   Name Index   

                   Subject Index

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Evaluating Practice: Guidelines for the Accountable Professional, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition
Format: Safari Book

$77.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-205-62413-3