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Examining Mathematics Practice through Classroom Artifacts

By Lynn Goldsmith, Nanette Seago

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Feb 9, 2012


Examining Mathematics Practice through Classroom Artifacts helps teachers become more analytic about their students' thinking by showing them how to use student artifacts to evaluate what is happening in the classroom. Offering an innovative framework, this book helps teachers learn how to use classroom artifacts to assess students' mathematical thinking and students’ understanding of mathematical content. Focusing on elementary through middle grades, chapters investigate what classroom artifacts are, how to interpret them and ways to use these data to improve mathematics instruction.


A complimentary access code for the online PDToolkit ( inside every new book gives mathematics leaders access to:

  • Video Clips
  • Downloadable Worksheets

Table of Contents




Chapter 1: Turning to the Evidence

Vignette: Jeffrey Stockdale

            What are artifacts and why analyze them?

            Learning to see through multiple lenses

            Our vision of mathematical learning and teaching

            A framework for using artifacts skillfully


Section 1: Attending to thinking

Chapter 2: Describing and Interpreting Classroom Artifacts

Vignette: Lorena and Linda’s solution to the Crossing the River problem

            Why focus on evidence?

            Using artifacts in your own classroom

            Wrapping Up

            Additional Exercises: Two Video Interviews

Chapter 3: Seeing the Potential in Student Thinking

Vignette: Toll House Cookies and other “errors”

            Why focus on errors?

            Using errors to see potential, instead of just deficits, in students’ thinking

            General commentary about errors

            Working with errors in your own practice

            Wrapping up


Section 2: Attending to content

Chapter 4: Keeping an Eye on Rigorous Mathematics

Vignette: Jasmine and Nguyet

            Naming and framing mathematical rigor

            General Commentary on Using Mathematical Frameworks to Consider Mathematical Rigor

            Wrapping Up


Chapter 5: Choosing, Using, and Connecting Mathematical Representations

Vignette: Ms. Ridgeway

            General Commentary about Representations


            Your Own Practice and Work with Representations

            Wrapping Up

            Additional exercises


Section 3: Putting it All Together in the Classroom

Chapter 6: Putting it All Together

Vignette: Jeffrey Stockdale Part II

            Exercises: Integrated Analysis of Whole Lessons

            Linking to your own practice

            Final thoughts



Book Study Guide

            Deciding on a Facilitator

            Structuring Your Book Study Sessions

            Book Study Questions for Each Chapter

            Reading Reaction Sheet