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* Fluid Mechanics is intended for use in Fluid Mechanics courses found in Civil *and Environmental, General Engineering, and Engineering Technology and Industrial Management departments. It is also serves as a suitable reference and introduction to Fluid Mechanics principles.

* *

** Fluid Mechanics** provides a comprehensive and well-illustrated introduction to the theory and application of Fluid Mechanics. The text presents a commitment to the development of student problem-solving skills and features many of the same pedagogical aids unique to Hibbeler texts.

MasteringEngineering for *Fluid Mechanics *is a total learning package that is designed to improve results through personalized learning. This innovative online program emulates the instructor’s office—hour environment, guiding students through engineering concepts from *Fluid Mechanics *with self-paced individualized coaching.

**Teaching and Learning Experience**

This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience–for you and your students. It provides:

**Individualized Coaching:**MasteringEngineering provides students with wrong-answer specific feedback and hints as they work through tutorial homework problems.**Problem Solving:**A large variety of problem types stress practical, realistic situations encountered in professional practice, with varying levels of difficulty.**Visualization:**The photos are designed to help students visualize difficult concepts.**Review and Student Support:**A thorough end-of-chapter review provides students with a concise reviewing tool.**Accuracy Checking:**The accuracy of the text and problem solutions has been thoroughly checked by other parties.**Alternative Coverage:**After covering the basic principles in Chapters 1-6, the remaining chapters may be presented in any sequence, without the loss of continuity.

**Note: **ISBN-10: 0133770001 /ISBN-13: 9780133770001 package contains *both *the physical text ISBN-10: 0132777622 /ISBN-13: 9780132777629 and MasteringEngineering ISBN-10: 0133820807 /ISBN-13: 9780133820805. MasteringEngineering is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor.

## Table of Contents

**FLUID MECHANICS R.C. Hibbeler**

**TABLE OF CONTENTS**

**Chapter 1**

**Fundamental Concepts**

1-1. Introduction

1-2. Characteristics of Matter

1-3. Systems of Units

1-4. Calculations

1-5. Problem Solving

1-6. Basic Fluid Properties

1-7. Viscosity

1-8 Viscosity Measurement

1-9. Vapor Pressure

1-10. Surface Tension and Capillarity

**Chapter 2**

** **

**Fluid Statics**

2—1. Pressure

2-2. Absolute and Gage Pressure

2-3. Static Pressure Variation

2-4. Pressure Variation for Incompressible

2-5. Pressure Variation for Compressible Fluids

2-6. Measurement of Static Pressure

2-7. Hydrostatic Forces on Plane Surfaces

2-8. Hydrostatic Forces on an Incline Plane or Curved Surface

Determined by Projection

2-9. Buoyancy

2-10. Stability

2-11. Constant Accelerated Translation of a Liquid

2-12. Steady Rotation of a Liquid.

**Chapter 3**

**Kinematics of Fluid Motion**

3-1. Types of Flow Description

3-2. Types of Fluid Flow

3-3. Graphical Descriptions of Fluid Flow

3-4. Fluid Acceleration

3-5 Streamline Coordinates

3-6. The Reynolds Transport Theorem

**Chapter 4**

** **

**Conservation of Mass**

** **

4-1. Rate of Flow and Average Velocity

4-2. Continuity Equation

**Chapter 5 **

** **

**Energy of Moving Fluids**

** **

5-1. Euler’s Equations of Motion

5-2. The Bernoulli Equation

5-3. Applications of Bernoulli’s Equation

5-4.Energy and the Hydraulic Gradient.

5-5. The Energy Equation

**Chapter 6**

** **

**Fluid Momentum**

6-1. The Linear Momentum Equation

6-2. The Angular Momentum Equation

6-3. Propellers

6-4. Applications for Control Volumes Having Rectilinear Accelerated Motion

6-5. Turbojets

6-6. Rockets

**Chapter 7**

** **

**Differential Fluid Flow**

7-1. Differential Analysis

7-2. Kinematics of Differential Fluid Elements

7-3. Circulation and Vorticity

7-4. Conservation of Mass

7-5. Equations of Motion of a Fluid Particle

7-6. The Euler and Bernoulli Equations

7-7. The Stream Function

7-8. The Potential Function

* *

7-9. Basic Two-Dimensional Flows

7-10. Superposition of Flows

7-11. The Navier-Stokes Equations

7-12. Computational Fluid Dyanmics

**Chapter 8**

** **

**Dimensional Analysis and Similitude**

8-1. Dimensional Analysis

8-2. Important Dimensionless Numbers

8-3. The Buckingham Pi Theorem

8-4. Similitude

**Chapter 9**

** **

**Viscous Flow Within Enclosed Surfaces**

** **

9-1. Steady Laminar Flow between Parallel Plates

9-2. Navier-Stokes Solution for Steady Laminar Flow Between Parallel Plates

9-3. Steady Laminar Flow Within A Smooth Pipe

9-3. Laminar and Turbulent Shear Stress Within a Smooth Pipe

9-4. Navier-Stokes Solution for Steady Laminar Flow Within a Smooth Pipe

9-5. The Reynolds Number

9-6. Laminar and Turbulent Shear Stress Within a Smooth Pipe

9-7. Fully Developed Flow From an Entrance

9-8. Turbulent Flow Within a Smooth Pipe

**Chapter 10**

** **

**Analysis and Design for Pipe Flow**

10-1. Resistance to Flow in Rough Pipes

10-2. Losses Occurring From Pipe Fittings And Transitions

10-3. Single Pipeline Flow

** **

10-4. Pipe Systems

10-5. Flow Measurement

**Chapter 11**

** **

**Viscous Flow Over External Surfaces**

11—1 The Concept of the Boundary Layer

11—2. Laminar Boundary Layers

11—3 The Momentum Integral Equation

11—4 Turbulent Boundary Layers

11-5. Laminar and Turbulent Boundary Layers

11-6. Drag and Lift

11-7. Pressure Gradient Effects

11-8. The Drag Coefficient

11-9. Methods for Reducing Drag

11—10. Lift and Drag on an Airfoil

**Chapter 12**

** **

**Turbomachinery**

** **

12-1. Types of Turbomachines

12—2. Axial-Flow Pumps

12—3. Ideal Performance for Axial-Flow Pumps

12—4. Radial-Flow Pumps

12—5. Turbines

12-6. Pump Performance

12—7. Cavitation and Net Positive Suction Head

12-8. Pump Selection Related to the Flow System

12-9.Turbomachine Similitude

**Chapter 13**

** **

**Open Channel Flow**

13—1. Types of Flow in Open Channels

13-2. Wave Celerity

13-3. Specific Energy

13—4. Open Channel Flow Over a Rise

13—5. Open Channel Flow Through a Sluice Gate

13-6. Steady Uniform Channel Flow

13-7. Gradual Flow With Varying Depth

13— 8. The Hydraulic Jump

13-9. Weirs

**Chapter 14**

** **

**Compressible Flow **

** **

14—1. Thermodynamic Concepts

14—2. Wave Propagation Through a Compressible Fluid

14—3. Types of Compressible Flow

14—4. Isentropic Stagnation Properties

14—5. Isentropic Flow Through a Variable Area

14—6. Isentropic Flow Through Converging and Diverging Nozzles

14—7. Normal Shock Waves

14—8. Shock Waves in Nozzles

14-9. Oblique Shocks

14-10. Compression and Expansion Waves

14-11. Compressible Flow Measurement

** **

** **

** **

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