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Gender: Psychological Perspectives, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition

By Linda Brannon

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Sep 29, 2010

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Description

This text examines the biology and social context in which women and men express gendered behaviors. Defining gender as the behaviors and attitudes that relate to (but are not entirely congruent with) biological sex, the book focuses on research and scholarship to provide the material for a critical review and an overall picture of gender from a psychological perspective. To highlight how research findings can relate to people’s lives, the book supplements the review of scholarly research with personal, narrative accounts of gender-relevant aspects of people's lives.  To emphasize the cross-cultural perspective of gender, the book including a section on diversity in most chapters but also weaves diversity issues throughout the text. The personal narrative and diversity highlights help to balance the research-based scholarship with the personal experience of gender.

Table of Contents

Preface    xiii

   1       The Study of Gender    0

< Headline:  “Are Men Boring?” Telegraph, June 11, 2008

< Headline:  “Are You Calling Us Boring? Telegraph, June 12, 2008

< Headline:  “Are Gender Stereotypes Boring?” New Statesman, June 23, 2008   0 

History of the Study of Sex Differences in Psychology    0

      The Study of Individual Differences    0

      Psychoanalysis    0

The Development of Women’s Studies

      The History of Feminist Movements 0

      Sex or Gender?  00

      Women in Psychology  00

The Appearance of the Men’s Movement  00

Considering Diversity    00

< Summary    00

< Glossary    00

< Suggested Readings    00

   2       Researching Sex and Gender    00

< Headline:  “Does Gender Matter?” Nature, July 13, 2006    00

How Science Developed    00

Approaches to Research    00

      Quantitative Research Methods    00

      Qualitative Research Methods    00

      Researchers’ Choices    00

Gender Bias in Research    00

      Sources of Bias    00

      Ways to Deal with Bias in Science    00

< Summary    00

< Glossary    00

< Suggested Readings    00

   3       Gender Stereotypes: Masculinity and Femininity    00

< Headline:  “This Swimmer Is in Deep End of Gender Wars”Wall Street Journal, March 17, 2008  

History of Stereotypes of Men and Women   00

      The Cult of True Womanhood    00

      Masculinities  00

Conceptualizing and Measuring Masculinity and Femininity    00

The Process and Implications of Stereotyping    00

      Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination    00

      Perceptions of Women and Men    00

      Development of Stereotypes in Children    00

      Explicit and Implicit Stereotyping    00

      Negative Effects of Stereotyping    00

Considering Diversity    00

< Summary    00

< Glossary    00

< Suggested Readings    00

   4       Hormones and Chromosomes    00

< Headline:  “PMS Makes You Smarter!” CosmoGirl!, February, 2006    00

< Headline:  “Father Nature: The Making of a Modern Dad” Psychology Today, March–April, 2002    00

The Endocrine System and Steroid Hormones    00

Stages of Differences Between the Sexes    00

Sexual Differentiation    00

      Development of Male and Female Physiology    00

      Changes during Puberty    00

      Variations in Sexual Development    00

Hormones and Behavior Instability    00

      Premenstrual Syndrome    00

      Testosterone and Aggression    00

Considering Diversity    00

< Summary    00

< Glossary    00

< Suggested Readings    00

   5       Theories of Gender Development    00

Headline:  “Girls Gone Bad” Newsweek, February 12, 2007    000

The Psychodynamic Approach to Personality    000

      Freud’s Theory of Personality    000

      Horney’s Theory of Personality    000

      Contemporary Psychodynamic Theories of Personality Development    000

Social Learning Theory    000

Cognitive Theories of Gender Development    000

      Cognitive Developmental Theory    000

      Gender Schema Theory    000

Which Theory Is Best?    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

   6       Developing Gender Identity    000

< Headline:  “A Boy’s Life” The Atlantic, November, 2008    000

Gender Identity Development    000

      Development during Childhood    000

      Later Development    000

Influences on Gender Identity Development    000

      Biological Factors and Gender Development    000

      Family Environment and Gender Development    000

      Peers and Gender Development    000

      The Media and Gender Development    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

   7       Intelligence and Cognitive Abilities    000

Headline:  “Lost in Space” Vogue, June, 2001    000

Cognitive Abilities    000

      Verbal Performance    000

      Mathematical and Quantitative Performance    000

      Spatial Performance    000

      Other Cognitive Abilities    000

Source of the Differences    000

      Biological Evidence for Gender Differences in Cognitive Abilities    000

      Evidence for Other Sources of Gender Differences    000

Implications of Gender-Related Differences    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

   8       Emotion    188

< Headline:  “Big Boys Don’t Cry—And Other Myths About Men and Their Emotions” Reader’s Digest, October, 2005    000

< Headline:  “There’s No Crying in Business” Fortune, October 18, 2004    000

Gender in the Experience and Expression of Emotion    000

The Myth of Maternal Instinct    000

The Prominence of Male Aggression    000

Expressivity and Emotion    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

   9       Relationships    000

< Suggested Readings Headline:  “Why We Love” Time, January 28, 2008   000

Friendships    000

      Development of Styles    000

      Friendships over the Life Span    000

      Flexibility of Styles    000

Love Relationships    000

      Dating    000

      Marriage and Committed Relationships    000

Dissolving Relationships    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

  10     Sexuality    257

< Headline:  “How to End to War over Sex Ed” Time Atlantic, April 6, 2009    000

The Study of Sexuality    000

      Sex Surveys    000

      Masters and Johnson’s Approach    000

Childhood Sexuality: Exploration and Abuse    000

Heterosexuality    000

      During Adolescence    000

      During Adulthood    000

Homosexuality    000

      During Adolescence    000

      During Adulthood    000

Bisexuality    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

  11     School    000

< Headline:  “Boy Problems” New York Times Magazine, April 3, 2005    000

The School Experience    000

      Early Schooling    000

      Changes during Middle School    000

      High School    000

      College and Professional School    000

Achievement    000

      Achievement Motivation    000

      Fear of Success    000

      Self-Esteem and Self-Confidence    000

      Attributions for Success and Failure    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

  12     Careers and Work    327

< Headline:  “Women Slowly Gain on Corporate America” USA Today, January 2, 2009    000

Careers    000

      Career Expectations and Gender Stereotyping    000

      Career Opportunities    000

Gender Issues at Work    000

      Gender Segregation on the Job    000

      Gender, Communication, and Power in the Workplace    000

      Sexual Harassment at Work    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

  13     Health and Fitness    359

< Headline:  “Why Marriage Is Good Medicine for Men” Parade, June 18, 2006    000

Mortality: No Equal Opportunity    000

      Cardiovascular Disease    000

      Cancer    000

      Violent Deaths    000

The Health Care System    000

      Gender Roles and Health Care    000

      Reproductive Health    000

Gender, Lifestyle, and Health    000

      Eating    000

      Exercise and Fitness    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

  14     Stress, Coping, and Psychopathology    000

< Headline:  “Facing Darkness” Newsweek, February, 26, 2007  000

Stress and Coping    000

      Sources of Stress for Men and Women    000

      Coping Resources and Strategies    000

Diagnoses of Mental Disorders    000

      The DSM Classification System    000

      Gender Inequity in the Diagnosis of Mental Disorders    000

Gender Comparisons in Psychopathology    000

      Depression    000

      Substance-Related Disorders    000

      Anxiety Disorders    000

      Other Disorders    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

  15     Treatment for Mental Disorders    000

< Headline:  “Man’s Last Stand: What Does It Take to Get a Guy into Therapy?” Psychology Today, August, 2004    000

Approaches to Therapy    000

      Psychoanalysis    000

      Humanistic Therapy    000

      Cognitive Therapy    000

      Behavior Modification    000

      Medical Therapies    000

      Accusations of Gender Bias in Therapy    000

Gender Issues in Therapy    000

      Feminist Therapy    000

      Therapy with Men    000

      Gender-Sensitive Therapies    000

Sexual Exploitation in Therapy    000

The Self-Help Movement    000

      Online Support Groups    000

      Gender Issues in Self-Help    000

Considering Diversity    000

< Summary    000

< Glossary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

  16     How Different?    000

< Headline:  “Signs of Détente between Venus and Mars” New York Times, May 31, 2007    000

What Do Women Want? What Do Men Want?    000

      Have Women Become More Like Men?    000

      Why Can’t a Man Be More Like a Woman?    000

Multiple Roles Have Become the Rule    000

Where Are the Differences?    000

      Differences in Ability    000

      Differences in Choices    000

Is a Peace Plan Possible?    000

< Summary    000

< Suggested Readings    000

References    000

Name Index    000

Subject Index    000

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Gender: Psychological Perspectives, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition
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$57.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-205-00373-0