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Global Issues, Local Arguments, 3rd Edition

By June Johnson

Published by Longman

Published Date: Jan 2, 2013

Description

Global Issues, Local Arguments: Readings for Writing features high-interest arguments on significant global issues and emphasizes their connection to our lives—all the while developing critical thinking, rhetorical, analysis, synthesis, argumentation, and research skills.

Table of Contents

Preface

 

Chapter 1: Exploring and Defining Globalization

Exploration One: How Wide Is Your Global View?

Exploration Two: Globalization at Work

What Does Globalization Mean?

Controversies over Definitions and Interpretations of Globalization

Controversies over Responses to Globalization

Navigating the Controversies

*Exploration Three: Your Global Positioning Profile

 

Chapter 2: Analyzing and Writing Arguments

A Brief Introduction to Argument

Issue Questions, Claims, and Stakeholders

Basel Action Network, “The e-Waste Crisis”

The Core of an Argument: A Claim with Reasons

Assumptions in Argument

The Development of an Argument: Evidence

Responses to Alternative Views

Arguments Tailored to Audiences

Ed Finn, “Harnessing Our Power as Consumers: Cost of Boycotting Sweatshop Goods Offset by the Benefits”

A Brief Introduction to Rhetorical Analysis

The Importance of Thinking and Reading Rhetorically

Identifying the Writer and the Writer’s Angle of Vision

Identifying the Rhetorical Context

Examining the Use of Classical Appeals to Logos, Ethos, and Pathos

A Consideration of Style

Writing a Summary

Using Summaries in Rhetorical Analyses

Using Summaries in Arguments

How to Write a Summary

Writing a Rhetorical Analysis

The Purpose and Audience of a Rhetorical Analysis

The Structure of a Rhetorical Analysis

Analyzing the Argument

Choosing a Focus for Your Rhetorical Analysis and Writing a Thesis Statement

Drafting a Rhetorical Analysis

An Example of a Rhetorical Analysis Essay

*Student Voice: “Ha-Joon Chang’s Vital Discussion of Free Trade and Developing Nations: A Rhetorical Analysis” by Lydia Wheeler

Writing an Argument

Posing a Significant, Perplexing Issue Question

*Using Reflective or Narrative Writing to Discover Your Interests and Values

*Student Voice: “Informal Writing to Discover Personal Investment in an Issue Question” by Lindsey Egan

Examining Multiple Perspectives

Analyzing Your Rhetorical Context

Constructing an Argument Core

Structuring and Drafting Your Argument

Reviewing and Revising Your Draft

An Example of a Student’s Researched Argument

Student Voice: “American Privilege Dangerously Perpetuates Water Inefficiency” by Lindsey Egan

 

Chapter 3: Trading Goods and Jobs - Sweatshops, Corporate Responsibility, and Consumerism

Context for a Network of Issues

Stakes and Stakeholders

*Thinking Visually: Working Conditions in Global Factories

Student Voice: “Thinking Beyond My American Consumerism” by Tiffany Anderson

International Voices

*Apple’s Manufacturers in China Reveal Disregard for Workers

Global Hot Spot: The United States

READINGS

Bob Jeffcott, “Sweat, Fire and Ethics”

Jeffrey D. Sachs, “Bangladesh: On the Ladder of Development”

*David Sirota, “We Are What We Trade”

Global Exchange, “Top Twelve Reasons to Oppose the World Trade Organization” (campaign flier)

*Matt Wuerker, “Made in China” (cartoon)

Student Voice: “Uncove[RED]” by Nicole Cesmat

Ha-Joon Chang, “My Six-Year-Old Son Should Get a Job: Is Free Trade Always the Answer?”

*Steven Rattner, “Let’s Admit It: Globalization Has Losers”

Paul Craig Roberts, “Watching Greed Murder the Economy”

*Ralph E. Gomory, “A Time for Action: Jobs, Prosperity and National Goals”

*Daniella Markheim, “Buy American Hurts America”

*Rebecca Cook, “Buy American, Buy Union”

*Dan Schawbel, Gallup’s Jim Clifton on The Coming Jobs War

*Jeff Danziger, “So If We Stop Buying” (cartoon) 125

*Allan Tanny, “Tarrifs and the Perils of Freer Trade: It’s Complicated”

Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussion

Writing Assignments

 

Chapter 4: Crossing Borders - Immigration

Context for a Network of Issues

Stakes and Stakeholders

*Thinking Visually: Illegal Immigration

Student Voice: “La Migra” by Esperanza Borboa

International Voices

*Factors Contributing to New Immigration Patterns in Mexico

Global Hot Spot: European Union

READINGS

Kofi Annan, “Lecture on International Flows of Humanity”

*Victor Davis Hanson, “Illegal Immigration Is Immoral” (cartoon)

*Steve Breen, “Help Wanted–Stop Illegal Immigration”

*Laura Carlsen, “Why Mexico’s Drug War Is Unwinnable”

*Tim Johnson, “Free Trade: As U.S. Corn Flows South, Mexicans Stop Farming”

Mexico’s Ministry of Foreign Relations, From Guide for the Mexican Migrant

Samuel P. Huntington, “The Special Case of Mexican Immigration”

Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) and League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), “MALDEF and LULAC Rebuke Samuel Huntington’s Theories on Latino Immigrants and Call on America to Reaffirm Its Commitment to Equal Opportunity and Democracy”

*David L. Altheide, “The Arizona Syndrome: Propaganda and the Politics of Fear”

*Brandon Dill, Associated Press, “Tennessee Daily Life”

*Student Voice: “Arizona’s HB 2281’s Attack on Education and Equality: Let’s End the Ban on Ethnic Studies” by Carlos Sibaja Garcia

*Dowell Myers, “The Next Immigration Challenge”

*Sheema Khan, “Let’s Fashion a Made-in-Canada Approach to the Burka”

*Jonathan Laurence, “How to Integrate Europe’s Muslims”

Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussion

Writing Assignments

 

Chapter 5: Protecting the Environment - Water Issues and Competing Energy Technologies

Context for a Network of Issues

Stakes and Stakeholders

*Thinking Visually: Water Use

Student Voice: “Changing Lives with Water” by Malia Burns-Rozycki

International Voices

Comments from Water Authorities in Swaziland

Global Hot Spot: Africa

READINGS

Maude Barlow, “Address to the UN General Assembly on Need to Conserve Water”

*Anita Hamilton, “Droughtbusters”

Sandra Postel, “Water for Life”

United Nations Environment Programme, “Health and Environment” (poster)

*Bill McKibben, “The Most Important News Story of the Day/Millennium”

*Dave Coles, “Stop the Keystone XL”

*Richard Korman, “Building the Keystone XL Pipeline: A Necessary Evil”

*Sarah Bean, “Reflections on Tar Sands Action: The Collective Will to Address Climate Change”

*David Brooks, “Shale Gas Revolution”

*Scientific American, “Safety First, Fracking Second”

*Rod Adams, “Nuclear Power after Fukushima”

*America, “After Fukushima”

Adrian Raeside, “Wind Versus Tidal Energy” (cartoon)

Student Voice: “A Letter to Ken Salazar” by Tine Sommer

Jonathan Facelli, “Pedaling Our Way to Energy Independence”

Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussion

Writing Assignments

 

Chapter 6: Merging and Clashing Cultures - Graffiti, Comics, and Music

Context for a Network of Issues

Stakes and Stakeholders

*Thinking Visually: Street Art as Activism and Advertising

*Student Voice: “A Fascination with Anime,” by Owen Johnson

International Voices

*Iraquis Comment on Their Adoption of American Cultural Forms

*Global Hot Spot: Nigeria

READINGS

*Mugambi Kiai, “Is Graffiti Art or Vandalism?”

*Shepard Fairey, “Photo of Street Art”

*Michael Pernar, “Graffiti Taggers Are Just a Pain in the Arts”

*Michael Caster, “Public Art, Political Space: The Rearticulation of Power in Post-Revolutionary Tunisia”

*Michael Caster, “Photo of Street Art in Beijing, China”

*Michael Caster, “Photo of Street Art in Managua, Nicaragua”

David Adesnik, “Marvel Comics and Manifest Destiny”

Jeevan J. Kang, Image from Spider-Man: India

*Brian Truitt, “The 99 Aspires to Teach Muslim Principles”

*Naif Al-Mutawa, “Poster of The 99”

*Andrea Peyser, “Trading Cape for the Burqa”

*Suzy Hansen, “Super Muslims”

*Kris Saknussemm, “The Secret Virus of Hip-Hop”

*Hishaam Aidi, “Leveraging Hip-Hop in US Foreign Policy”

*Sujatha Fernandes, “The Mixtape of the Revolution”

Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussion

Writing Assignments

 

*Chapter 7: Global Netizens - Social Media’s Role in Social and Political Change

Context for a Network of Issues

Stakes and Stakeholders

*Thinking Visually: The Global Digital Divide

*Student Voice: “The Ripples of a Tunisian Twitter Experience” by John Wood

International Voices

*Translators at Global Voices Make Social Media Messages Widely Available

*Global Hot Spot: Russia

READINGS

George Packer, “When Here Sees There”

*Brett Davidson, “Are Mobil Phones Bridging the Digital Divide or Deepening It?”

*Jillian C. York, “The Revolutionary Force of Facebook and Twitter”

*Malcolm Gladwell, “Small Change”

*Nathan Jurgenson, “Digital Dualism Versus Augmented Reality”

*Tabitha Smith, “Unlocking the Awesome Potential of Behavioral Disorder”

*Nozomi Hayase, “The Rise of the Occupy Insurgency, The World’s First Internet Revolution #OWS”

*Harini Calamur, “Twitter Does Not Cause Revolutions, People Do”

*Kyle Chayka, “Agitprop 2.0 on Occupy Wall Street’s Social Media Revolution”

*Evgeny Morozov, “Dictatorship.com”

*Walt Handelsman, “Stop, or I’ll Tweet” (cartoon)

*Kenneth Roth, “New Laws Needed to Protect Social Media”

*Malcolm Gladwell and Clay Shirky, “An Absence of Evidence” (conversational exchange)

Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussion

Writing Assignments

 

Chapter 8: Defending Human Rights — Human Trafficking, Forced Child Labor, and Rape as a Weapon of War

Context for a Network of Issues

Stakes and Stakeholders

*Thinking Visually: The Trafficking of Girls

Student Voice: “A Human Connection” by Victoria Herradura

International Voices

*Comments from Women Working for Peace and Equality

*Global Hot Spot: Democratic Republic of Congo

READINGS

David A. Feingold, “Human Trafficking”

*Siddharth Kara, “Supply and Demand: Human Trafficking in the Global Economy”

National Human Trafficking Resource Center, “Look Beneath the Surface”

Joanna Busza, Sarah Castle, and Aisse Diarra, “Trafficking and Health”

*Amanda Kloer, “Sex Trafficking and HIV/AIDS: A Deadly Junction for Women and Girls”

*Shared Hope International, “This Man Wants to Rent Your Daughter”

*Representative Frank R. Wolf, “Sex Trafficking Needs to Be Stopped”

*Jo Becker, “Child Soldiers: A Worldwide Scourge”

Luc Novovitch, “Chadian Eight-Year-Old Soldier Smoking”

*Emily Rauhala, “Rape as a Weapon of War: Men Suffer, Too”

*Eve Ensler, “Ten Radical Acts for Congo in the New Year”

Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussion

Writing Assignments

 

*Chapter 9: Fighting Global Disease — Pandemics, Antibiotic Resistance, AIDS, and Maternal Health

Context for a Network of Issues

Stakes and Stakeholders

*Thinking Visually: The Threat of Pandemics

*Student Voice: “Experiencing the SARS Pandemic ” by Mark Merin

International Voices

*Liberian President Promotes Sanitation To Reduce Widespread Disease

*Global Hot Spot: Sub-Saharan Africa

READINGS

*Larry Brillant, “The Age of Pandemics”

*David Satcher, “The Impact of Disparities in Health on Pandemic Preparedness”

*Ali S. Khan, “Ten Years Later, What’s Changed?”

*Anuj Sharma, “Antimicrobial Resistance: No Action Today, No Cure Tomorrow”

*Scientific American, “Healthy Growth for U.S. Farms”

*Megan McArdle, “Resistance Is Futile”

*Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu, “Africa’s Condom Conundrum: Fighting HIV in Africa”

*AIDS Prevention Images from Africa

*Wafaa M. El-Sadr, Kenneth H. Mayer, and Sally L. Hodder, “AIDS in America–Forgotten but Not Gone”

*Regan Hofmann, “Viral Vows”

*Melinda Gates, “Family Health Makes Moral and Economic Sense”

Chapter Questions for Reflection and Discussion

Writing Assignments

 

Glossary of Globalization and Argument Terms

Answers to Chapter 1, “Global Pursuit”

Credits

Index

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