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Heritage of World Civilizations, Volume 1, The: Brief Edition, 5th Edition

By Albert M. Craig, William A. Graham, Donald M Kagan, Steven Ozment, Frank M. Turner

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jun 26, 2011

Description

A global perspective on the major narratives of world history.

 

Written by leading scholars in their respective fields, The Heritage of World Civilizations offers compelling and thorough coverage of the unique heritage of Asian, African, Middle Eastern, European and American civilizations while highlighting the role of the world's great religious and philosophical traditions. This comprehensive yet accessible survey of world history has been extensively revised to provide an even more global and comparative perspective on the events and processes that have shaped our increasingly interdependent world.

 

Note: MyHistoryLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyHistoryLab at no extra charge, please visit www.MyHistoryLab.com or use ISBN: 9780205207572.

Table of Contents

Documents

Maps

Preface

 

Part I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations to 500 B.C.E.

 

Chapter 1: The Birth of a Civilization

Early Humans and Their Culture

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Civilizations

Early Civilizations in the Middle East to About 1000 B.C.E.

A CLOSER LOOK Babylonian World Map

Ancient Near Eastern Empires

Early Indian Civilization

Early Chinese Civilization

The Rise of Civilization in the Americas

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 2: Four Great Revolutions in Thought and Religion

Comparing the Four Great Revolutions

Philosophy in China

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Philosophy and Religion

Religion in India

A CLOSER LOOK Statue of Siddhartha Gotama asFasting Ascetic (2nd Century C.E.)

The Religion of the Israelites

Greek Philosophy

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Judaism

 

Part II: Empires and Cultures of the Ancient World, 1000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.

 

Chapter 3: Greek and Hellenistic Civilization

The Bronze Age on Crete and on the Mainland to ca. 1150 B.C.E.

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Achievement of Greek and Hellenistic Civilization

Greek “Middle Age” to ca. 750 B.C.E.

The Polis

Expansion of the Greek World

Life in Archaic Greece

Major City-States

The Persian Wars

A CLOSER LOOK The Trireme

Classical Greece

Emergence of the Hellenistic World

Hellenistic Culture

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 4: West Asia, Inner Asia, and South Asia to 1000 C.E.

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Indo-Iranian Roles in the Eurasian World before Islam

West and Inner Asia

The Ancient Background

The First Persian Empire in the Iranian Plateau (550—330 B.C.E.)

The Seleucid Successors to Alexander in the East (ca. 312—63 B.C.E.)

The Parthian Arsacid Empire (ca. 247 B.C.E.—223 C.E.)

The Sasanid Empire (224—651 C.E.)

South Asia to 1000 C.E.

The First Indian Empire: The Mauryas (321—185 B.C.E.)

The Consolidation of Indian Civilization (ca. 200 B.C.E.—300 C.E.)

A CLOSER LOOK Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath

The Golden Age of the Guptas (ca. 320—550 C.E.)

The Development of “Classical” Indian Civilization (ca. 300—1000 C.E.)

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Hinduism

 

Chapter 5: Africa: Early History to 1000 C.E.

Issues of Interpretation, Sources, and Disciplines

Physical Description of the Continent

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE “Traditional” Peoples and Nontraditional Histories

African Peoples

The Sahara and the Sudan to the Beginning of the Common Era

Nilotic Africa and the Ethiopian Highlands

The Western and Central Sudan

Central, Southern, and East Africa

A CLOSER LOOK Four Rock Art Paintings from Tassili n-Ajjer (4000—2000 B.C.E.)

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 6: Republican and Imperial Rome

Prehistoric Italy

The Etruscans

Royal Rome

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Republican and Imperial Rome

The Republic

A CLOSER LOOK Lictors

Civilization in the Early Roman Republic:

Greek Influence

Roman Imperialism

The Fall of the Republic

The Augustan Principate

Civilization of the Ciceronian and Augustan Ages

Peace and Prosperity: Imperial Rome (14—180 C.E.)

The Rise of Christianity

The Crisis of the Third Century

The Late Empire

Arts and Letters in the Late Empire

The Problem of the Decline and Fall of the Empire in the West

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 7: China's First Empire, 221 B.C.E.—589 C.E.

Qin Unification of China

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE China’s First Empire

Former Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.—8 C.E.)

A CLOSER LOOK The Terra-Cotta Army of the First Qin Emperor

Later Han (25—220 C.E.) and Its Aftermath

Han Thought and Religion

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Part III: Consolidation and Interaction of World Civilizations, 500 C.E. to 1500 C.E.

 

Chapter 8: Imperial China, 589—1368

Reestablishment of Empire: Sui (589—618) and Tang (618—907) Dynasties

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Imperial China

A CLOSER LOOK A Tang Painting of the Goddess of Mercy

Transition to Late Imperial China: The Song Dynasty (960—1279)

China in the Mongol World Empire: The Yuan Dynasty (1279—1368)

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 9: Early Japanese History

Japanese Origins

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE East Asia

Nara and Heian Japan

Japan’s Early Feudal Age

A CLOSER LOOK The East Meets the East

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

RELIGIONS OF THE World Buddhism

 

Chapter 10: The Formation of Islamic Civilization, 622—100

Origins and Early Development

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Early Islamic Worlds of Arab and Persian Cultures

Women in Early Islamic Society

Early Islamic Conquests

The New Islamic World Order

A CLOSER LOOK The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem (Interior)

The High Caliphate

Islamic Culture in the Classical Era

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 11: The Byzantine Empire and Western Europe to 1000

The End of the Western Roman Empire

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Early Middle Ages

The Impact of Islam on East and West

The Developing Roman Church

The Kingdom of the Franks

A CLOSER LOOK A Multicultural Book Cover

Feudal Society

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 12: The Islamic World, 1000—1500

the islamic heartlands

Religion and Society

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Expansion of Islamic Civilization, 1000—1500

Regional Developments

A CLOSER LOOK Al-Hariri, Assemblies (Maqamat)

The Spread of Islam beyond the Heartlands

Islamic India and Southeast Asia

The Spread of Islam to South Asia

Muslim—Hindu Encounter

Islamic States and Dynasties

Religious and Cultural Accommodation

Hindu and Other Indian Traditions

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 13: Ancient Civilizations of the Americas

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Ancient Civilizations of the Americas

Problems in Reconstructing the History of Native American Civilization

Mesoamerica

The Formative Period and the Emergence of Mesoamerican Civilization

The Classic Period in Mesoamerica

A CLOSER LOOK The Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacán

The Post-Classic Period

Andean South America

The Preceramic and the Initial Periods

Chavín de Huantar and the Early Horizon

The Early Intermediate Period

The Middle Horizon through the Late

Intermediate Period

The Inca Empire

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 14: Africa CA. 1000—1700

North Africa and Egypt

The Spread of Islam South of the Sahara

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Africa, 1000—1700

Sahelian Empires of the Western and Central Sudan

The Eastern Sudan

The Forestlands–Coastal West and

Central Africa

A CLOSER LOOK Benin Bronze Plaque with Chief and Two Attendants

East Africa

Southern Africa

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 15: Europe to the Early 1500s: Revival, Decline, and Renaissance

Revival of Empire, Church, and Towns

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The High Middle Ages in Western Europe

A CLOSER LOOK European Embrace of a Black Saint

Society

Growth of National Monarchies

Political and Social Breakdown

Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival:

The Late Medieval Church

The Renaissance in Italy (1375—1527)

Revival of Monarchy: Nation Building in the Fifteenth Century

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Part IV: The World in Transition, 1500 to 1850

 

Chapter 16: Europe, 1500—1650: Expansion, Reformation, and Religious Wars

The Discovery of a New World

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE European Expansion

The Reformation

The Reformation’s Achievements

A CLOSER LOOK A Contemporary Commentary on the Sexes

The Wars of Religion

Superstition and Enlightenment: The Battle Within

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Christianity

 

Chapter 17: Conquest and Exploitation: The Development of the Transatlantic Economy

Periods of European Overseas Expansion

Mercantilist Theory of Economic Exploitation

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Atlantic World

Establishment of the Spanish Empire in America

Economies of Exploitation in the Spanish Empire

Colonial Brazil

French and British Colonies in North America

The Columbian Exchange: Disease, Animals, and Agriculture

Slavery in the Americas

Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade

A CLOSER LOOK The Slave Ship Brookes

SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

 

Suggested Readings

Credits

Index

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