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History of Mathematics, A, CourseSmart eTextbook, 3rd Edition

By Victor J. Katz

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jul 14, 2008

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Description

A History of Mathematics, Third Edition, provides students with a solid background in the history of mathematics and focuses on the most important topics for today’s elementary, high school, and college curricula. Students will gain a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts in their historical context, and future teachers will find this book a valuable resource in developing lesson plans based on the history of each topic.

 

This book is ideal for a junior or senior level course in the history of mathematics for mathematics majors intending to become teachers.
CourseSmart textbooks do not include any media or print supplements that come packaged with the bound book.

Table of Contents

Part I. Ancient Mathematics

 

1. Egypt and Mesopotamia

1.1 Egypt

1.2 Mesopotamia

 

2. The Beginnings of Mathematics in Greece

2.1 The Earliest Greek Mathematics

2.2 The Time of Plato

2.3 Aristotle

 

3. Euclid

3.1 Introduction to the Elements

3.2 Book I and the Pythagorean Theorem

3.3 Book II and Geometric Algebra

3.4 Circles and the Pentagon

3.5 Ratio and Proportion

3.6 Number Theory

3.7 Irrational Magnitudes

3.8 Solid Geometry and the Method of Exhaustion

3.9 Euclid’s Data

 

4. Archimedes and Apollonius

4.1 Archimedes and Physics

4.2 Archimedes and Numerical Calculations

4.3 Archimedes and Geometry

4.4 Conic Sections Before Apollonius

4.5 The Conics of Apollonius

 

5. Mathematical Methods in Hellenistic Times

5.1 Astronomy Before Ptolemy

5.2 Ptolemy and The Almagest

5.3 Practical Mathematics

 

6. The Final Chapter of Greek Mathematics

6.1 Nichomachus and Elementary Number Theory

6.2 Diophantus and Greek Algebra

6.3 Pappus and Analysis

 

Part II. Medieval Mathematics

 

7. Ancient and Medieval China

7.1 Introduction to Mathematics in China

7.2 Calculations

7.3 Geometry

7.4 Solving Equations

7.5 Indeterminate Analysis

7.6 Transmission to and from China

 

8. Ancient and Medieval India

8.1 Introduction to Mathematics in India

8.2 Calculations

8.3 Geometry

8.4 Equation Solving

8.5 Indeterminate Analysis

8.6 Combinatorics

8.7 Trigonometry

8.8 Transmission to and from India

 

9. The Mathematics of Islam

9.1 Introduction to Mathematics in Islam

9.2 Decimal Arithmetic

9.3 Algebra

9.4 Combinatorics

9.5 Geometry

9.6 Trigonometry

9.7 Transmission of Islamic Mathematics

 

10. Medieval Europe

10.1 Introduction to the Mathematics of Medieval Europe

10.2 Geometry and Trigonometry

10.3 Combinatorics

10.4 Medieval Algebra

10.5 The Mathematics of Kinematics

 

11. Mathematics Elsewhere

11.1 Mathematics at the Turn of the Fourteenth Century

11.2 Mathematics in America, Africa, and the Pacific

 

Part III. Early Modern Mathematics

 

12. Algebra in the Renaissance

12.1 The Italian Abacists

12.2 Algebra in France, Germany, England, and Portugal

12.3 The Solution of the Cubic Equation

12.4 Viete, Algebraic Symbolism, and Analysis

12.5 Simon Stevin and Decimal Analysis

 

13. Mathematical Methods in the Renaissance

13.1 Perspective

13.2 Navigation and Geography

13.3 Astronomy and Trigonometry

13.4 Logarithms

13.5 Kinematics

 

14. Geometry, Algebra and Probability in the Seventeenth Century

14.1 The Theory of Equations

14.2 Analytic Geometry

14.3 Elementary Probability

14.4 Number Theory

14.5 Projective Geometry

 

15. The Beginnings of Calculus

15.1 Tangents and Extrema

15.2 Areas and Volumes

15.3 Rectification of Curves and the Fundamental Theorem

 

16. Newton and Leibniz

16.1 Isaac Newton

16.2 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

16.3 First Calculus Texts

 

Part IV. Modern Mathematics

 

17. Analysis in the Eighteenth Century

17.1 Differential Equations

17.2 The Calculus of Several Variables

17.3 Calculus Texts

17.4 The Foundations of Calculus

 

18. Probability and Statistics in the Eighteenth Century

18.1 Theoretical Probability

18.2 Statistical Inference

18.3 Applications of Probability

 

19. Algebra and Number Theory in the Eighteenth Century

19.1 Algebra Texts

19.2 Advances in the Theory of Equations

19.3 Number Theory

19.4 Mathematics in the Americas

 

20. Geometry in the Eighteenth Century

20.1 Clairaut and the Elements of Geometry

20.2 The Parallel Postulate

20.3 Analytic and Differential Geometry

20.4 The Beginnings of Topology

20.5 The French Revolution and Mathematics Education

 

21. Algebra and Number Theory in the Nineteenth Century

21.1 Number Theory

21.2 Solving Algebraic Equations

21.3 Symbolic Algebra

21.4 Matrices and Systems of Linear Equations

21.5 Groups and Fields — The Beginning of Structure

 

22. Analysis in the Nineteenth Century

22.1 Rigor in Analysis

22.2 The Arithmetization of Analysis

22.3 Complex Analysis

22.4 Vector Analysis

 

23. Probability and Statistics in the Nineteenth Century

23.1 The Method of Least Squares and Probability Distributions

23.2 Statistics and the Social Sciences

23.3 Statistical Graphs

 

24. Geometry in the Nineteenth Century

24.1 Differential Geometry

24.2 Non-Euclidean Geometry

24.3 Projective Geometry

24.4 Graph Theory and the Four Color Problem

24.5 Geometry in N Dimensions

24.6 The Foundations of Geometry

 

25. Aspects of the Twentieth Century

25.1 Set Theory: Problems and Paradoxes

25.2 Topology

25.3 New Ideas in Algebra

25.4 The Statistical Revolution

25.5 Computers and Applications

25.6 Old Questions Answered

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History of Mathematics, A, CourseSmart eTextbook, 3rd Edition
Format: Safari Book

$72.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-321-54677-7