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History of Psychology, A: Ideas and Context, CourseSmart eTextbook, 4th Edition

By D. Brett King, Wayne Viney, William Douglas Woody

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Mar 4, 2008

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Description

§      A History of Psychology: Ideas and Context, Fourth Edition, is a comprehensive history of psychology tracing psychological thought from antiquity through early twenty-first century developments.

The opening chapters present the reader with a dynamic framework for exploring psychology in the context of historiography and philosophical issues. The text provides in-depth coverage to the intellectual trends that preceded the formal founding of psychology in the late 1870s, coupled with an analysis of the major systems of thought and the key developments in the history of basic and applied psychology. The final chapter focuses on major trends in psychology from the latter half of the twentieth century to the early twentieth-first century.

Table of Contents

All Chapters conclude with “Review Questions” and “Glossary.”

1. Historical Studies: Some Issues.

Why Study History?

Some Problems in Historiography.

The History of the History of Psychology.

Internal and External History.


2. Philosophical Issues.

Epistemology.

The Problem of Causality.

Free Will and Determinism.

The Mind-Body Problem.


3. Ancient Psychological Thought.

Early Chinese Psychologies.

Babylonia.

Egypt.

Other Ancient Far-Eastern Psychologies.

The Hebrews.

Persia.

Greece.


4. The Roman Period and the Middle Ages.

Roman Medicine.

Roman Philosophy.

The Fall of Rome.

The Early Christian Faith.

The Medieval Period.


5. The Renaissance.

Effect of the Plague.

Expanding Geographic Knowledge.

Influence of the Greek Classics.

Growth of Empirical Studies.

Quantification.

Changing Visions of the World.

Psychological Thought in the Renaissance.


6. Empiricism, Associationism, and Utilitarianism.

Empiricism.

Empiricism on the Continent.

Associationism and Utilitarianism.


7. Rationism.

Emphasis on a Priori Knowledge.

Theory of Active Mind.

Deduction versus Induction.

René Descartes.

Baruch Spinoza.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.

Immanuel Kant.

Johann Friedrich Herbart.

Thomas Reid and Common Sense Psychology.


8. Mechanization and Quantification.

Thomas Hobbes.

René Descartes Revisited.

Jan Swammerdam.

Neils Stensen.

Stephen Hales.

Robert Whytt.

Johann August Unzer.

Julien Offray De La Mettrie.

Pierre-Jean Georges Cabanis.

Mapping the Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems.


9. Naturalism and Humanitarian Reform

Evolutionary Theory.

Significance of Evolutionary Theory for Psychology.

Naturalistic Approaches to Emotional Disorders.

Humanitarian Reform


10. Psychophysics and the Formal Founding of Psychology.

Psychophysics.

Wilhelm Wundt.


11. Developments After the Founding.

Systematic Extension: Edward Bradford Titchener.

Franz Brentano and Act Psychology.

Carl Stumpf.

Georg Elias Müller.

Oswald Külpe and the Würzburg School.

Hermann Ebbinghaus.

Wundt's Contemporaries and Applied Psychology.


12. Functionalism.

William James and Harvard University.

Hugo Münsterberg.

G. Stanley Hall and Clark University.

Functionalism and the University of Chicago.

Psychology at Columbia University.

Mary Whiton Calkins.

The Growth of Applied Psychology.

Influence of Functionalism: An Evaluation.


13. Behaviorism.

Antecedents of Behaviorism.

Formal Founding of American Behaviorism.


14. Other Behavioral Psychologies.

Importance of Learning.

Importance of Precision and Clarity.

Importance of Experimentation.

Early Behavioristic Psychologies.

Neobehaviorism.

Further Contributions to Applied Psychology from Neobehaviorism.


15. Gestalt Psychology.

Max Wertheimer.

Wolfgang Köhler.

Kurt Koffka.

Intellectual Background of Gestalt Psychology.

The Fundamentals of Gestalt Psychology.

Gestalt Perspectives on Scientific Method.

Mind and Brain.

The Influence of Gestalt Psychology.

Kurt Lewin and Field Theory.

Some Common Misunderstandings of Gestalt Psychology.

Gestalt Psychology and Applied Psychology

The Continuing Relevance of Gestalt Psychology.


16. Psychoanalysis.

Sigmund Freud.

Freud's System of Psychology.

Post-Fruendian Analytic Psychologies.

Alfred Adler

Carl Gustav Jung.

Karen Danielsen Horney.

Other Developments.


17. Humanistic Psychologies.

Intellectual Traditions.

The Formal Emergence of Humanistic Psychologies.

Overview of Third-Force Psychologies: Major Positions and Criticisms.


Epilogue: Late Twentieth Century Developments.

The Systems of Psychology in Retrospect.

Cognitive Psychology.

Diversity and Pluralism in Modern Psychology.

Review Question.

Glossary.


References.
Name Index.
Subject Index.

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History of Psychology, A: Ideas and Context, CourseSmart eTextbook, 4th Edition
Format: Safari Book

$67.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-205-61436-3