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Human Variation: Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition

By Stephen Molnar

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Feb 2, 2007

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Basic text for the sophomore/junior level course in Human Variation or Human Diversity taught anthropology or biology departments.

This classic introduction to human variation, has been thoroughly updated to include the issues and controversies facing the contemporary study of diversity.


Table of Contents



Chapter 1       Biological Diversity and the Race Concept: An Introduction


Human Variation: Its Discovery and Classification      

Anthropometry: The Measures of Human Variation    


Racial Boundaries: Fact or Fiction?     

Race, Geography, and Origins 

Confusions and Contradictions of Human Classification          

Human Biological Variability: A Perspectiive


Chapter 2       The Biological Basis for Human Variation


Principles of Inheritance

Formal Human Genetics         

Factors of Variation and Evolution      

The Gene, DNA, and the “Code of Life,”       

Chromosomes at the Molecular Level 

Gene Clusters and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)       

Y-Chromosome DNA Polymorphisms 

Mitochondrial DNA    

Genes and Populations: A Summary    


Chapter 3       Traits of Simple Inheritance I: Blood Groups and Proteins       


Blood Components and Inherited Traits           

The Blood Groups       

The Blood Groups: An Overview        

White Blood Cell (WBC) Antigens      

Polymorphisms of Serum Proteins       

Inborn Errors of Metabolism   

Other Polymorphisms of Anthropological Interest        

Traits of Simple Inheritance: Some Conclusions          


Chapter 4       Traits of Simple Inheritance II: Hemoglobin Variants and DNA Markers        


Hemoglobins: Normal and Abnormal

Distribution of Hemoglobin S   

Malaria and Natural Selection 

Other Abnormal Hemoglobins 

The Enzyme G6PD (Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase)    

Distribution of Red-Cell Variants in Sardinian Populations       

Gene Frequency Changes and African Americans      

DNA Markers of Human Variation     

Genetic Markers at the DNA Level: Some Conclusions


Chapter 5       Traits of Complex Inheritance and Their Adaptations: I


The Structure and Function of Skin     

Skin Color and Evolution         

Craniofacial Traits      

Eye Color and Hair Color

Human Form and Its Variability

Body Size and Form: Perspectives of Heredity


Chapter 6       Traits of Complex Inheritance and Their Adaptations: II


Characteristics of Growth and Development   

Nutritional Influences  

Adaptations to Cold or Hot Environments

High Altitude Environments: Stresses and Responses

Conclusions: Complex Traits and Their Adaptations


Chapter 7       Human Variability, Behavior, and Racism


Race, Nations, and Racism

Intelligence Quotient: A Measure of Mental Ability?

Behavior and Inheritance or Inheritance of Behavior

Class and Caste

Genetics, Intelligence, and the Future


Chapter 8       Distribution of Human Biodiversity

Some Factors Contributing to Gene Distribution

Races, Ethnic Groups, or Breeding Populations

Breeding Populations

Clinal Distribution of Traits

Breeding Populations versus Clines


Chapter 9       Perspectives of Health and Human Diversity: Influences of the Race


Epidemiiological Transition: The Distribution and Type of Disease

The Developing World and Epidemiological Transitions

A New World, but Old Diseases

What Is a Race?         

Genes, Races, Environments, and Diseases: Some Conclusions


Chapter 10     Changing Dimensions of the Human Species   


Population Size and Growth: Historical Perspectives

Factors of Population Change

Empowerment of Women

Fertility Differences and Population Composition

Demographic Balances

Regional Changes and World Populations

Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups: Where Are We?

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Human Variation: Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition
Format: Safari Book

$48.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-192847-3