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Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, 8th Edition

By Terence Ball, Richard Dagger

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Feb 19, 2010


A comprehensive compilation of original readings representing all of the major ’isms, Ideals and Ideologies puts students in touch with the thinkers and ideas that shape the political world.


This reader offers students a generous sampling of key thinkers in different ideological traditions and places them in historical and political context. Used on its own or with Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, Ideals and Ideologies accounts for the different ways people use ideology to interpret change in the world and directly conveys the ongoing importance of ideas in politics.

Table of Contents

* Selections new to the ninth edition.




Chapter 1. Ideology and Ideologies

Reading 1.1. Terrell Carver, “Ideology: The Career of a Concept”


Chapter 2. The Democratic Ideal

Reading 2.1. Euripides, “Democracy and Despotism”

Reading 2.2. Pericles, “Funeral Oration”

Reading 2.3. Aristotle, “Democratic Judgment and the ‘Middling’ Constitution”

Reading 2.4. Niccolò Machiavelli, “What’s Wrong with Princely Rule?”

Reading 2.5. John Adams, “What Is a Republic?”

Reading 2.6. “Bill of Rights of the United States”

Reading 2.7. Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy and Equality”

Reading 2.8. John Stuart Mill, “Democratic Participation and Political Education”





Chapter 3. Liberalism

Reading 3.1. Thomas Hobbes, “The State of Nature and the Basis of Obligation”

Reading 3.2. John Locke, “Toleration and Government”

Reading 3.3. Thomas Paine, “Government, Rights, and the Bonds Between Generations”

Reading 3.4. “Declaration of Independence of the United States”

Reading 3.5. “Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens”

Reading 3.6. Adam Smith, “Private Profit, Public Good”

Reading 3.7. Immanuel Kant, “Freedom and Enlightenment”

Reading 3.8. John Stuart Mill, “Liberty and Individuality”

Reading 3.9. William Graham Sumner, “According to the Fitness of Things”

Reading 3.10. T. H. Green, “Liberalism and Positive Freedom”

*Reading 3.11. Franklin D. Roosevelt, “New Deal Liberalism: A Defense”

Reading 3.12. Murray Rothbard, “Libertarian Anarchism”

*Reading 3.13. Terence Ball, “A Libertarian Utopia”


Chapter 4. Conservatism

Reading 4.1. Edmund Burke, “Society, Reverence, and the ‘True Natural Aristocracy’”

Reading 4.2. Joseph de Maistre, “Conservatism as Reaction”

Reading 4.3. Michael Oakeshott, “On Being Conservative”

*Reading 4.4. Russell Kirk, “Ten Conservative Principles”

Reading 4.5. Robert H. Bork, “Modern Liberalism and Cultural Decline”

Reading 4.6. Irving Kristol, “The Neoconservative Persuasion”

Reading 4.7. James Dobson, “Standing Strong in a Confused Culture”

Reading 4.8. W. James Antle III, “The Conservative Crack-up”


Chapter 5. Socialism and Communism: More to Marx

Reading 5.1. Thomas More, “Utopia”

Reading 5.2. Robert Owen, “Address to the Inhabitants of New Lanark”

Reading 5.3. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, “The Communist Manifesto”

Reading 5.4. Karl Marx, “On the Materialist Conception of History”


Chapter 6. Socialism and Communism: After Marx

Reading 6.1. Eduard Bernstein, “Evolutionary Socialism”

Reading 6.2. V. I. Lenin, “Revisionism, Imperialism, and Revolution”

Reading 6.3. Leon Trotsky, “The Permanent Revolution”

Reading 6.4. Mao Zedong, “On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship”

Reading 6.5. Mikhail Bakunin, “Anarcho-Communism vs. Marxism”

Reading 6.6. Emma Goldman, “Anarchism: What It Really Stands For”

Reading 6.7. Edward Bellamy, “Looking Backward”

*Reading 6.8 “Christian Socialist Movement: A Statement of Aims”

Reading 6.9. Michael Yates---Can the Working Class Change the World? 


Chapter 7. Fascism

Reading 7.1. Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau, “Civilization and Race”

Reading 7.2. Benito Mussolini, “The Doctrine of Fascism”

Reading 7.3. Alfredo Rocco, “The Political Theory of Fascism”

Reading 7.4. Adolf Hitler, “Nation and Race”





Chapter 8. Liberation Ideologies and the Politics of Identity

*Reading 8.1. Martin Luther King, Jr., “Where Do We Go from Here?”

*Reading 8.2. Malcolm X, “The Ballot or the Bullet”

Reading 8.3. Steve Biko, “Black Consciousness and the Quest for a True Humanity”

Reading 8.4. Mary Wollstonecraft, “A Vindication of the Rights of Women”

Reading 8.5. Olympe de Gouges, “Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen”

Reading 8.6. Sarah Grimké, “Letters on the Equality of the Sexes”

Reading 8.7. “Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions”

Reading 8.8. Marilyn Frye, “Oppression”

Reading 8.9. John Corvino, “Homosexuality: The Nature and Harm Arguments”

Reading 8.10. Taiaiake Alfred, “Indigenist Pathways to Action and Freedom”

Reading 8.11. Gustavo Gutierrez, “Liberation Theology”

Reading 8.12. Peter Singer “All Animals Are Equal”


Chapter 9. “Green” Politics: Ecology as Ideology

Reading 9.1. Aldo Leopold, “The Land Ethic”

Reading 9.2. Wendell Berry, “Getting Along with Nature”

Reading 9.3. Dave Foreman, “Putting the Earth First”

Reading 9.4. Vandana Shiva, “Women in Nature”

*Reading 9.5. James H. Cone, “Whose Earth Is It Anyway?”


Chapter 10. Radical Islamism

Reading 10.1. Sayyid Qutb, “Milestones”

Reading 10.2. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, “The Necessity for Islamic Government”

Reading 10.3. Osama bin Laden and Others, “Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders”


Chapter 11. Postscript: Globalization and the Future of Ideology

Reading 11.1. John Micklethwait and Adrian Wooldridge, “The Hidden Promise of Globalization: Liberty Renewed”

Reading 11.2. Patrick Buchanan, “Globalization as Economic Treason”


Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, 8th Edition

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