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In the Beginning: An Introduction to Archaeology, CourseSmart eTextbook, 13th Edition

By Brian M. Fagan, Nadia Durrani

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Sep 30, 2013

Description

Introduce archaeology, its methods and theories, and its importance today.

 

In the Beginning introduces the history and methods of archaeology and its significance today. It contains clear exposition of Archeology's basic principles in combination with numerous examples from all over the world. Authors Brian Fagan and Nadia Durrani discuss archaeological concepts and procedures and show how archaeologists describe cultures as part of time and space to interpret the prehistoric past.

 

The book provides a comprehensive summary of the field for people who have little or no experience with it. In the Beginning uses an international perspective throughout while outlining the basic principles, methods, and theoretical approaches of modern archaeology.

 

This text is available in a variety of formats — print and digital. Check your favorite digital provider for your etext, including Coursesmart, Kindle, Nook, and more. To learn more about our programs, pricing options and customization, click the Choices tab.

 

Learning Goals

Upon completing this book, readers should be able to:

  • Understand the importance and range of archaeology in contemporary society.
  • Understand the goals of archaeology and why cultural heritage is important in today’s world.
  • Have achieved an understanding of the basic principles and methods of archaeological research from an international and multicultural perspective.
  • Be able to analyze and critique basic archaeological theory.

 

Table of Contents

In this section:

1. Brief Table of Content

2. Full Table of Contents


BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I: Background to Archaeology   

Chapter 1: Introducing Archaeology   

Chapter 2: The Beginnings of Scientific Archaeology: Sixth Century B.C. to the 1950s   

Chapter 3: The Many-Voiced Past: Archaeological Thought from the 1950s to Now

 

PART II: The Basics  

Chapter 4: Matrix and Preservation  

Chapter 5: Doing Archaeological Research  

Chapter 6: Culture, Data, and Context   

Chapter 7: How Old Is It?  

 

PART III: Recovering the Data   

Chapter 8: They Sought It Here, They Sought It There: Finding the Past   

Chapter 9: How to Excavate   

 

PART IV: Analyzing the Past: Artifacts and Technology  

Chapter 10: Classifying Artifacts   

Chapter 11: Technologies of the Ancients   

 

PART V: Studying Environments and People  

Chapter 12: Ancient Environments   

Chapter 13: What Did We Eat?

Chapter 14: The Living Past   

Chapter 15: Landscape and Settlement   

Chapter 16: Interactions: People of the Past   

Chapter 17: Archaeology and the Intangible  

 

PART VI: Managing the Past  

Chapter 18: Cultural Resource Management and Public Archaeology   

Chapter 19: Archaeology and Contemporary Society   

 

PART VII: Careers and Resources   

Chapter 20: So You Want to Become an Archaeologist?   

 

 


FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I: Background to Archaeology   

Chapter 1: Introducing Archaeology   

The First Archaeologist

What is Archaeology Today?

Who are the Archaeologists?

Why Study Archaeology?

Who Owns the Past?

Is Archaeology in Crisis?

What are the Goals of Archaeology?

 

Chapter 2: The Beginnings of Scientific Archaeology: Sixth Century B.C. to the 1950s   

Beginnings

Scriptures and Fossils

The Antiquity of Humankind

The Three-Age System

Human Progress

Historical Particularism

Culture History

Old World Archaeology

American Archaeology

The Americas: Chronology and Time Scales

Cultural Ecology

 

Chapter 3: The Many-Voiced Past: Archaeological Thought from the 1950s to Now

Culture History

The “New” Archaeology

Processual Archaeology

Postprocessual Archaeology

Some Schools of Archaeological Theory

Where is Archaeological Theory Headed?

 

PART II: The Basics  

Chapter 4: Matrix and Preservation  

Archaeological Data

Site-Formation Processes

Discovery: Eruption at Akrotiri, Greece, c. 1688 B.C.

The Matrix: Preservation and Human Activity

Preservation Conditions: Inorganic and Organic Materials

Organic Materials and the Archaeological Record

 

Chapter 5: Doing Archaeological Research  

The Archaeologist’s Skills

Archaeology and Science

The Process of Archaeological Research     

 

Chapter 6: Culture, Data, and Context   

The Concept of Culture

The Nature of Culture

Models of Culture

The Archaeological Record

Matrix and Provenance

Archaeological Context

Artifacts, Subassemblages, and Assemblages

Archaeological Sites

Cultures, Areas, Regions, and Settlement Patterns

 

Chapter 7: How Old Is It?  

Cyclical and Linear Time

Relative Chronology

Absolute Chronology

 

PART III: Recovering the Data   

Chapter 8: They Sought It Here, They Sought It There: Finding the Past   

 Finding Archaeological Sites

Approaches to Archaeological Survey

Remote Sensing

Recording Archaeological Sites

Subsurface Detection

 

Chapter 9: How to Excavate   

Directors, Teams, and Staffs

Permits

Planning an Excavation

Tools of the Trade

The Process of Archaeological Excavation

Special Excavation Issues

 

PART IV: Analyzing the Past: Artifacts and Technology  

Chapter 10: Classifying Artifacts   

Classification

Processes of Archaeological Classification

Assemblages and Patterns

What Do Assemblages and Patterns Mean?

 

Chapter 11: Technologies of the Ancients   

Stone

Clay (Ceramics)

Metals and Metallurgy

Bone

Wood

Basketry and Textiles

 

PART V: Studying Environments and People  

Chapter 12: Ancient Environments   

Long-Term and Short-Term Climatic Change

Geoarchaeology

Long-Term Climatic Change: The Great Ice Age

Holocene Environmental Reconstruction

Reconstructing Humanly-Caused Environmental Change

 

Chapter 13: What Did We Eat?

Studying Subsistence

 nimal Bones (Zooarchaeology)

Plant Remains

Birds, Fish, and Mollusks

 Subsistence Data from Rock Art

 Ancient Diet     

 

Chapter 14: The Living Past   

Early Comparisons

Analogy

Middle-Range Theory

Ethnoarchaeology

Experimental Archaeology

 

Chapter 15: Landscape and Settlement   

Settlement Archaeology and Settlement Patterns

Households

Communities

Studying Large Communities

Studying Distributions of Communities

Case Studies of Settlement Distribution

The Archaeology of Landscape

 

Chapter 16: Interactions: People of the Past   

An Individual: Ötzi the Ice Man

Bioarchaeology: What Human Bones Tell Us

Genetics and DNA

Groups: Ancient Social Organization

Gender: (Beyond) Men and Women

Engendered Research

Ethnicity and Inequality

Exchange and Trade

 

Chapter 17: Archaeology and the Intangible  

A Framework of Common Belief

Cognitive Archaeology

Ethnographic Analogy and Rock Art

The Archaeology of Death

Artifacts: The Importance of Context

Artifacts and Art Styles

Sacred Places

Astroarchaeology and Stonehenge

Southwestern Astronomy and Chaco Canyon

 

PART VI: Managing the Past  

Chapter 18: Cultural Resource Management and Public Archaeology   

Legislating the Past

What Is Protected?

Phases of Site Management

Management versus Research

Strategies of CRM Research

Management Challenges

Public Involvement and Public Archaeology

Native Americans and CRM

Cultural Resource Management around the World

 

Chapter 19: Archaeology and Contemporary Society   

Archaeology and Human Diversity

Archaeology and Human History

Archaeological Tourism

Archaeology and Subsistence Agriculture

Garbology

Archaeology and the Environment

Heritage and Stewardship

 

PART VII: Careers and Resources   

Chapter 20: So You Want to Become an Archaeologist?   

Archaeology as a Profession

Academic Qualifications: Graduate School

Thoughts on Not Becoming a Professional Archaeologist

Our Responsibilities to the Past

 

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In the Beginning: An Introduction to Archaeology, CourseSmart eTextbook, 13th Edition
Format: Safari Book

$71.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-205-96666-0