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Lab Manual for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, CourseSmart eTextbook, 3rd Edition

By Karen C. Timberlake

Published by Prentice Hall

Published Date: Apr 19, 2013

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Description

The Laboratory Manual for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, third edition, by Karen C. Timberlake contains 35  experiments related to the content of general, organic, and biological chemistry courses, as well as basic/preparatory chemistry courses. The labs included give students an opportunity to go beyond the lectures and words in the textbook to experience the scientific process from which conclusions and theories are drawn.

 

 

Table of Contents

Preface

To the Student

Using This Laboratory Manual

Working Safely in the Laboratory

Commitment to Safety in the Laboratory

A Visual Guide to Laboratory Equipment

Graphing Experimental Data

Using the Laboratory Burner

Using a Pipet

 

1 Measurement and Significant Figures

A. Measuring Length

B. Measuring Volume

C. Measuring Mass

 

2 Conversion Factors and Problem Solving

A. Rounding Off

B. Significant Figures in Calculations

C. Equalities and Conversion Factors

D. Problem Solving Using Conversion Factors

 

3 Density and Specific Gravity

A. Density of a Liquid

B. Specific Gravity

C. Density of a Solid

D. Graphing Mass and Volume

 

4 Temperature and Specific Heat

A. Temperature

B. Specific Heat of a Metal

C. Energy and Nutrition

D. Energy Values for Foods

 

5 Energy and Matter

A. A Heating Curve for Water

B. Graphing a Cooling Curve for Salol

C. Energy in Changes of State: Heat of Fusion

 

6 Atoms and Elements

A. Elements and Symbols

B. The Periodic Table

C. The Atoms

D. Isotopes and Atomic Mass

 

7 Electronic Configuration and Periodic Properties

A. Flame Tests

B. Electron Configurations

C. Atomic Radius

 

8 Nuclear Chemistry

A. Nuclear Equations

B. Radiation Measurement

C. Radiation Levels from Radioactive Sources

D. Effect of Shielding on Radiation Level

E. Effect of Time on Radiation Level

F. Effect of Distance on Radiation Level

 

9 Compounds and Their Bonds

A. Ions: Transfer of Electrons

B. Ionic Compounds and Formulas

C. Metals in Ionic Compounds with Variable Charge

D. Polyatomic Ions

E. Molecular Compounds

F. Electron-Dot Formulas and Molecular Shape

 

10 Chemical Reactions and Equations

A. Magnesium and Oxygen

B. Zinc and Copper (II) Sulfate

C. Reactions of Metals and HCl

D. Reactions of Ionic Compounds

E. Sodium Carbonate and HCl

F. Hydrogen Perioxide

 

11 Moles and Chemical Formulas

A. Finding the Simplest Formula

B. Formula of a Hydrate 114

 

12 Gas Laws

A. Boyle’s Law

B. Charles’s Law

 

13 Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures

A. Partial Pressures of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Air

B. Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere

C. Carbon Dioxide in the Expired Air

 

14 Solutions, Electrolytes, and Concentration

A. Polarity of Solutes and Solvents

B. Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes

C. Electrolytes in Body Fluids

D. Concentration of a Sodium Chloride Solution

 

15 Soluble and Insoluble Salts

A. Soluble and Insoluble Salts

B. Solubility of KNO3

C. Testing the hardness of Water

D. Purification of Water

 

16 Testing for Cations and Anions

A. Flames Tests for K+ , Ca2+ , and Na+ Ions

B. Tests for Ammonium Ion, NH4+ , and Iron(III) Ion, Fe3+

C. Tests for Negative Ions (Anions)

D. Writing the Formula of Your Unknown Salt

E. Testing Consumer Products for Some Cations and Anions

 

17 Properties of Solutions

A. Identification Tests

B. Osmosis and Dialysis

C. Filtration

 

18 Reaction Rates and Chemical Equilibrium

A. Factors That Affect the Rate of a Reaction

B. Chemical Equilibrium: Reversible Reactions

C. Changing Equilibrium Conditions: Le Châtelier’s Principle

 

19 Acids, Bases, pH and Buffers

A. Reference Colors for pH Using Red Cabbage Indicator

B. Measuring pH

C. Effect of Buffers on pH

 

20 Acid-Base Titration

A. Acetic Acid in Vinegar

B. Titration of an Antacid

 

21 Organic Compounds: Alkanes

A. Comparison of Organic and Inorganic Compounds

B. Alkanes

C. Functional Groups

 

22 Reactions of Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

A. Types of Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

B. Addition Reaction: Bromine Test

C. Oxidation: Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4 ) Test

D. Identification of Unknown

 

23 Alcohols and Phenols

A. Structures of Alcohols and Phenol

B. Properties of Alcohols and Phenol

C. Oxidation of Alcohols

D. Ferric Chloride Test

E. Identification of Unknown

 

24 Aldehydes and Ketones

A. Structures of Some Aldehydes and Ketones

B. Odor of Aldehydes and Ketones

C. Solubility, Iodoform Test, and Benedict’s

 

25 Carboxylic Acids and Esters

A. Carboxylic Acids and Their Salts

B. Esters

C. Saponificiation

 

26 Aspirin and Other Analgesics

A. Preparation of Aspirin

B. Testing Aspirin Products

C. Analysis of Analgesics

 

27 Amines and Amides

A. Structure, Classification, and Solubility of Amines

B. Neutralization of Amines with Acid

C. Amides

D. Hydrolysis of an Amide

 

28 Synthesis of Acetaminophen

Synthesis of Acetaminophen

 

29 Types of Carbohydrates

A. Monosaccharides

B. Disaccharides

C. Polysaccharides

 

30 Tests for Carbohydrates

A. Benedict’s Test for Reducing Sugars

B. Seliwanoff’s Test for Ketoses

C. Fermentation Test

D. Iodine Test for Polysaccharides

E. Hydrolysis of Disaccharides and Polysaccharides

F. Testing Foods for Carbohydrates

 

31 Lipids

A. Physical Properties of Lipids and Fatty Acids

B. Triacylglycerols

C. Bromine Test for Unsaturation

D. Preparation of Hand Lotion

 

32 Saponification and Soaps

A. Saponification: Preparation of Soap

B. Properties of Soap and Detergents

 

33 Amino Acids

A. Amino Acids

B. Chromatography of Amino Acids

 

34 Peptides and Proteins

A. Peptides

B. Proteins

C. Denaturation of Proteins

D. Isolation of Casein (Milk Protein)

E. Color Tests for Proteins

 

35 Enzymes

A. Effect of Enzyme Concentration

B. Effect of Temperature

C. Effect of pH

D. Inhibition of Enzyme Activity

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Lab Manual for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, CourseSmart eTextbook, 3rd Edition
Format: Safari Book

$42.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-321-81284-1