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Later Life: The Realities of Aging, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition

By Harold G. Cox

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Feb 2, 2006

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Description

For courses in Sociology of Aging or Gerontology taught primarily in departments of sociology.

Message: An interdisciplinary introduction to the aging process which uses symbolic interactionism as the main theoretical perspective. 

 

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE

Emergence and Scope of Gerontology                                                                   

The Advent of Gerontology            1

Demographic Trends         3

Conclusion          17

Key Terms           19

Notes     19

References           19

 

CHAPTER TWO

Problems, Public Perception, and Stereotypes of Older Americans                            

The Problems of Aging     22

Public Perceptions of Older Persons             27

Misconceptions  31

Conclusion          34

Key Terms           34

Notes     35

References           35

 

CHAPTER THREE

Theoretical Perspectives on Aging                                                                      

Theory and Research        37

Disengagement Theory    40

Activity Theory  43

Human Development Theories       45

Continuity Theory             49

Age Stratification Theory 51

Older Americans as a Minority Group          52

Aging as an Exchange      53

The Symbolic Interaction Perspective          55

Labeling Theory 56

Evaluating Theories of Aging         59

Conclusion          60

Key Terms           61

Notes     61

References           61

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Historical and Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Aging                                               

Introduction        66

Demographic Transition and the Aging of the World’s Population      69

Modernization and Aging               72

Criticism of the Modernization Theory         73

Critical Variables Determining the Status of the Aged              74

Theoretical Views on the Changing Status of the Elderly        78

Roles and Status of the Aged in Three Cultures        80

Conclusion          88

Key Terms           89

Notes     89

References           89

Part II:  The Individual and the Social System

CHAPTER FIVE

Biological and Health Correlates of Aging                                                                

Introduction        92

Age-Related Changes in Human Physiology              96

Major Causes of Illness and Death in Old Age          97

Biological Theories of Aging          100

Psychological and Sociological Aspects of Illness   105

Holistic Health Care           110

Exercise and Aging            113

Conclusion          116

Key Terms           118

Notes     118

References           119

 

CHAPTER SIX

Psychological Changes in Later Life                                                                       

Introduction        122

Psychological and Performance Changes    123

Personality           127

Stability and Change in Personality              129

Self-Esteem          133

Adjustment to Aging        134

Stress    136

Conclusion          144

Key Terms           144

Notes     145

References           145

 

CHAPTER SEVEN

Age Norms, Age Constraints, and Adult Socialization                                           

Life Space            151

Role       152

Age Synchronization        155

Normative Constraints      158

Attitudes toward Old Age               159

Social Class and Adjustment to Old Age     160

Age, Gender, and Longevity           162

Conclusion          164

Key Terms           165

Notes     165

References           166

 

CHAPTER EIGHT

Aging Minority Group Members                                                                            

Demographic Characteristics          170

Social Aspects of Aging  177

Service Needs     179

Subcultural and Value Disparities between the Dominant Group and Minority Groups   181

The Asian American         183

Native Americans              185

Conclusion          186

Key Terms           187

Notes     187

References           188

Part III:  Adjustment Patterns and Changing Lifestyles in Old Age

CHAPTER NINE

Family Patterns in Later Life                                                                                   

Changing Roles and the Aging Family         192

Husband—Wife Relations 194

Intergenerational Relations             201

Grandparenthood               204

Widowhood        206

Alternative Lifestyles        209

Second Marriages              211

Conclusion          213

Key Terms           214

Notes     215

References           215

 

CHAPTER TEN

Work, Leisure, and Retirement Patterns                                                               

Introduction        219

Work     220

Free Time             225

Leisure  226

Retirement            230

Conclusion          239

Key Terms           240

Notes     240

References           241

 

CHAPTER ELEVEN

Living Environments in Later Life                                                                     

Residential Segregation of the Aged            246

Design and Environmental Factors in Senior Housing       250

Housing and Community Choices of Older Americans      254

Housing Costs    257

Sociability            258

Institutionalization             260

The Eden Alternative        263

Conclusion          264

Key Terms           265

Notes     265

References           267

 

CHAPTER TWELVE

Death and Dying                                                                                                  

The Impact of Death on Society     271

Attitudes toward Death    273

The Meaning of Death      278

Critical Questions about Death       280

Adjustments to Dying      287

Grief       290

Conclusion          291

Key Terms           292

Notes     292

References           293

Part IV:  Societal Issues Confronting Older Americans

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

The Economics of Aging                                                                                          

Economic Needs of Older Americans            296

Income       297

Poverty      300

Sources of Income             302

Effects of Inflation             307

Conclusion          309

Key Terms           310

Notes     310

References           310

 

CHAPTER FOURTEEN

Exploitation of the Aged: Crimes, Confidence Games, and Frauds                               

Fear of Crime       312

Victimization by Crime       313

The Older Person’s Response to Victimization           317

Confidence Games and Frauds       318

Abuse of the Elderly         321

Conclusion          323

Key Terms           325

Notes     325

References           326

 

CHAPTER FIFTEEN

Politics of Aging                                                                                                  

Political Participation         329

Intergenerational Conflict or Consensus      335

Status Inconsistency        337

Age and Political Conservatism      339

Conclusion          339

Key Terms           340

Notes     340

References           341

 

CHAPTER SIXTEEN

Social Services for Older Americans                                                                       

Social Services for Older Americans           343

Future Directions of Service Programs for the Aged 357

Conclusion          360

Key Terms           361

Notes     361

References           362

 

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

Religion and Aging                                                                                             

Introduction        363

Church Attendance           365

Belief in God        366

Belief in Immortality         367

Orthodox Religion              368

Religious Ritualism and Private Devotionalism          370

Religiosity and Life Satisfaction     371

The Role of the Aged in the Church     373

Conclusion          375

Key Terms           376

Notes     377

References           377

 

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN

Aging and the Aged: Future Prospects and Issues                                                

Gerontology: The Future of the Discipline   381

Theories of Aging             382

Health    384

Retirement Income             385

Family    387

Residential Location          389

Postindustrial Society       389

Values   390

Work and Leisure              391

Power    391

Death     392

Government Services        392

Conclusion          393

Key Terms           393

Notes     393

References           394

 

Index

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Later Life: The Realities of Aging, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition
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$47.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-195160-0