For one-semester undergraduate courses in Law and Society, Sociology of Law, Introduction to Law, and a variety of criminal justice courses offered in departments of Sociology, Criminal Justice, and Political Science. Examines the interplay between law and society. Law and Society, 10e provides an informative, balanced and comprehensive analysis of the interplay between law and society. This text presents an overview of the most advanced interdisciplinary and international research, theoretical advances, ongoing debates and controversies. It raises new levels of awareness on the structure and functions of law and legal systems and the principal players in the legal arena and their impact on our lives. In addition, it looks at the legal system in the context of race, class, and gender and considers multicultural and cross-cultural issues in a contemporary and interdisciplinary context.
In this section: 1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS: 2. COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS: 1.BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS: PREFACE 1. INTRODUCTION 2. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES 3. THE ORGANIZATION OF LAW 4. LAWMAKING 5. LAW AND SOCIAL CONTROL 6. LAW AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION 7. LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE 8. THE LEGAL PROFESSION 9. RESEARCHING LAW IN SOCIETY 2. COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS: PREFACE 1. INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW DEFINITIONS OF LAW TYPES OF LAW MAJOR LEGAL SYSTEMS Romano-Germanic System Common-Law System Socialist Legal System Islamic Legal System PRINCIPAL FUNCTIONS OF LAW Social Control Dispute Settlement Social Change DYSFUNCTIONS OF LAW PARADIGMS OF SOCIETY The Consensus Perspective The Conflict Perspective OPTIONS FOR SOCIOLOGISTS SUMMARY SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS REFERENCES 2. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES THE EVOLUTION OF LEGAL SYSTEMS Primitive Legal Systems Transitional Legal Systems Modern Legal Systems THEORIES OF LAW AND SOCIETY The European Pioneers Classical Sociological Theorists Sociolegal Theorists Contemporary Law and Society Theorists CURRENT INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENTS IN LAW The Functionalist Approach Conflict and Marxist Approaches Critical Legal Studies Movement Feminist Legal Theory Critical Race Theory SUMMARY SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS REFERENCES 3. THE ORGANIZATION OF LAW COURTS Dispute Categories The Organization of Courts Participants in Court Processes The Flow of Litigation LEGISLATURES The Organization of Legislatures Participants in the Legislative Process ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES The Organization of Administrative Agencies The Administrative Process LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES The organization of Law Enforcement Agencies Police Discretion SUMMARY SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS REFERENCES 4. LAWMAKING PERSPECTIVES ON LAWMAKING LEGISLATION ADMINISTRATIVE LAWMAKING Administrative Rulemaking Administrative Adjudication JUDICIAL LAWMAKING Lawmaking by Precedents The Interpretation of Statutes The Interpretation of Constitutions INFLUENCES ON THE LAWMAKING PROCESS Interest Groups Public Opinion Law making and Social Science SOURCES OF IMPETUS FOR LAW Detached Scholarly Diagnosis A Voice from the Wilderness Protest Activity Social Movements Public Interest Groups The Mass Media SUMMARY SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS REFERENCES 5. LAW AND SOCIAL CONTROL INFORMAL SOCIAL CONTROLS FORMAL SOCIAL CONTROLS Criminal Sanctions Discord over the Death Penalty Civil Commitment CRIMES WITHOUT VICTIMS Drug Addiction Prostitution Gambling WHITE-COLLAR CRIME SOCIAL CONTROL OF DISSENT ADMINISTRATIVE LAW AND SOCIAL CONTROL SUMMARY SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS REFERENCES 6. LAW AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION A NOTE ON TERMINOLOGY METHODS OF DISPUTE RESOLUTION Primary Resolution Processes Hybrid Resolution Processes DEMANDS FOR COURT SERVICES IN DISPUTE RESOLUTION Variations in Litigation Rates PREREQUISITES FOR THE USE OF COURTS IN DISPUTE RESOLUTION A TYPOLOGY OF LITIGANTS DISPUTES BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS DISPUTES BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS Law as a Method of Dispute Resolution in Academe The Courts as Collection Agencies DISPUTES BETWEEN ORGANIZATIONS Public Interest Law Firms in Environmental Disputes SUMMARY SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS REFERENCES 7. LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE RECIPROCITY BETWEEN LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE SOCIAL CHANGES AS CAUSES OF LEGAL CHANGES LAW AS AN INSTRUMENT OF SOCIAL CHANGE The Efficacy of Law as an Instrument of Social Change ADVANTAGES OF LAW IN CREATING SOCIAL CHANGE Legitimate Authority The Binding Force of Law Sanctions LIMITATIONS OF LAW IN CREATING SOCIAL CHANGE Law as a Policy Instrument Morality and Values RESISTANCE TO CHANGE Social Factors Psychological Factors Cultural Factors Economic Factors SUMMARY SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS REFERENCES 8. THE LEGAL PROFESSION BACKGROUND THE PROFESSIONALIZATION OF LAWYERS THE EVOLUTION OF THE AMERICAN LEGAL PROFESSION THE PROFESSION TODAY WHERE THE LAWYERS ARE Private Practice Government Private Employment Judiciary REVENUE STREAMS: LAWYERS AND MONEY COMPETITION FOR BUSINESS LEGAL SERVICES FOR THE POOR AND NOT SO POOR LAW SCHOOLS Socialization into the Profession BAR ADMISSION BAR ASSOCIATIONS AS INTEREST GROUPS PROFESSIONAL DISCIPLINE SUMMARY SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS REFERENCES 9. RESEARCHING LAW IN SOCIETY METHODS OF INQUIRY Historical Methods Observational Methods Experimental Methods Survey Methods THE IMPACT OF SOCIOLOGY ON SOCIAL POLICY Contributions of Sociology to Policy Recommendations Contributions of Sociology to Enacted Policy EVALUATION RESEARCH AND IMPACT STUDIES SUMMARY SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGS REFERENCES