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Learning and Cognition: The Design of the Mind, CourseSmart eTextbook

By Michael E. Martinez

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jan 27, 2009

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Description

For courses in Human Learning, Learning Theory, Cognition & Instruction, and The Psychology of Learning and Instruction.


A comprehensive and engaging introduction to human learning and its applications to education, this new text is a unique, clear and interesting overview of the human mind through multiple theoretical lenses. The author delineates how the mind has a clear design, or architecture, that explains simple acts of memory and complex cognition to highly creative acts and leaps of scientific or artistic insight. Topics covered throughout the text include: memory, motivation, cognitive development, the brain, and intelligence. Unique to this text, the author has provided an interdisciplinary chapter dedicated to theories of knowledge, extended coverage of expert-novice differences and talent development, and a chapter devoted to intelligence. Readers will appreciate special features like Learning Strategies which cover specific application of the theories to classroom practice, and Interest Magnets which explore fascinating topics such as photographic memory, sleep learning, and Einstein’s brain. Written like a narrative, Learning and Cognition: The Design of the Mind will delight its readers’ interest and attention as they learn about the theories of human learning and cognition and the improvement of the mind through education.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: Introduction

Four Paradigms

Where is Education?

What is Education?

The Design of Educational Experience

 

SECTION I: THE MIND’S ARCHITECTURE

 

CHAPTER 2: Behaviorism                          

Why Study Behavior?

Classical Conditioning

Early Behaviorism in America

Classical Conditioning and Education

Operant Conditioning

Behaviorism’s Enduring Impact

Behaviorism Challenged

Is There a Downside to Behaviorism?

Learning Strategies

Conclusion

 

CHAPTER 3: The Cognitive Architecture

The Computer Metaphor

The Sensory Register

Short-Term/Working Memory

Long-Term Memory

Summarizing the Cognitive Architecture

Basic Cognitive Processes

The Funnel of Information

Chunking and Automaticity

Laws of Learning

Learning Strategies

Conclusion

 

CHAPTER 4: Theories of Knowledge

Philosophy

Semiotics

Linguistics

Artificial Intelligence

Psychology

Anthropology

Learning Strategies

Conclusion

 

CHAPTER 5: Complex Cognition

Metacognition

Problem Solving

Critical Thinking

Inferential Reasoning

Creativity

The Nature of Higher-Order Thought

The Social Origins of Complex Cognition

Learning Strategies

Conclusion

 

CHAPTER 6: Motivation Volition and Emotion

The Trilogy of Mind

Emotions

Motivation Theories Based on Global Motives

Motivation Theories Based on Beliefs About Events

Motivation Theories Based on Beliefs About Self

Goals

Self-Regulation

New Directions

Learning Strategies

Conclusion

 

SECTION II: DEVELOPING MINDS

 

CHAPTER 7: Cognitive Development and Expertise

What is Development?

Cognitive Development: Piaget

Neo-Piagetian Theories

Vygotskyan Theory

Language Development

Development Toward Expertise

The Timeline for Expertise

Beyond Expertise

Educating for Expertise

Learning Strategies

Conclusion

 

CHAPTER 8: The Brain and Cognition

Mind and Brain

Brain Anatomy and Function

Neuron Anatomy and Adaptation

Brain Development

Exercise and Nutrition

A Bridge Too Far

Learning Strategies

Conclusion

 

SECTION III: HOW MINDS DIFFER

 

CHAPTER 9: Assessment and Individual Differences

Reliability

Validity

How Tests Influence Learning

Classroom Assessment

Standardized Testing

Quantitative Research

Education and Individual Differences

Aptitude-Treatment Interactions: ATIs

Diversification of Instruction

Time and Learning

Group Differences

Learning Strategies

Conclusion

 

CHAPTER 10: Intelligence

What is Intelligence?

Intelligence and Achievement

One Intelligence or Many?

Hierarchical Theories of Intelligence

Emergent Theories of Intelligence

Measuring Intelligence

Can Intelligence Change?

Environmental Influences on Intelligence

Learning Strategies

Conclusion

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Learning and Cognition: The Design of the Mind, CourseSmart eTextbook
Format: Safari Book

$43.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-714475-4