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Masters of British Literature, Volume B

By David Damrosch, Christopher Baswell, Clare Carroll, Kevin J. H. Dettmar, Heather Henderson, Constance Jordan, Peter J. Manning, Anne Howland Schotter, William Chapman Sharpe, Stuart Sherman, Jennifer Wicke, Susan J. Wolfson

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Feb 26, 2007

Description

Written by an editorial team whose members are all actively engaged in teaching and in current scholarship, Masters of British Literature is a concise, yet comprehensive survey of the key writers whose classic works have shaped British literature.  Featuring major works by the most influential authors in the British literary tradition–Barbauld, Blake, Wollstonecraft, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Keats, Barrett Browning, Browning, Tennyson, Yeats, Woolf, Joyce, Eliot, Walcott, Heaney, and Rushdie–this compact anthology combines comprehensive coverage of the enduring works of the British literary tradition from the Romantics through the twentieth century. Core texts are complemented by contextual materials that help students understand the literary, historical, and cultural environments out which these texts arose, and within which they find their richest meaning.

Table of Contents

THE ROMANTICS and THEIR CONTEMPORARIES

 

ANNA LETITIA BARBAULD

The Mouse’s Petition to Dr. Priestley  

    On a Lady’s Writing  

    Inscription for an Ice-House  

    To a Little Invisible Being Who Is Expected Soon to Become Visible  

    Eighteen Hundred and Eleven  

 

CHARLOTTE SMITH 

FROM ELEGIAC SONNETS AND OTHER POEMS

To the Moon  

    “Sighing I see yon little troop at play”  

    To melancholy. Written on the banks of the Arun October, 1785  

    The sea view  

    The Dead Beggar  

    from Beachy Head  

 

WILLIAM BLAKE

    All Religions Are One  

    SONGS OF INNOCENCE AND OF EXPERIENCE

    from Songs of Innocence  

        Introduction  

        The Shepherd  

        The Ecchoing Green  

        The Lamb  

        The Little Black Boy  

        The Blossom  

        The Chimney Sweeper  

        The Little Boy lost  

        The Little Boy found  

        The Divine Image  

        HOLY THURSDAY

        Nurses Song  

        Infant Joy  

        A Dream  

        On Anothers Sorrow  

from Songs of Experience  

    Introduction  

    EARTH’S Answer  

    The CLOD & the PEBBLE  

    HOLY THURSDAY

    The Little Girl Lost  

    The Little Girl Found  

    The Chimney Sweeper  

    NURSES Song  

    The SICK ROSE  

    The FLY

    The Angel  

    The Tyger  

    My Pretty ROSE TREE  

    AH! SUN-FLOWER

    THE GARDEN of LOVE  

    LONDON 

    The Human Abstract  

    INFANT SORROW

    The Little BOY Lost  

    The Little GIRL Lost  

    The School-Boy  

    A Divine Image  

PERSPECTIVES

The Abolition of Slavery and the Slave Trade                       

 

Olaudah Equiano  

    from The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano  

Mary Prince  

    from The History of Mary Prince, a West Indian Slave  

Thomas Bellamy  

    The Benevolent Planters  

John Newton  

    Amazing Grace!  

Ann Cromartie Yearsley  

    from A Poem on the Inhumanity of the Slave-Trade  

William Cowper  

    Sweet Meat Has Sour Sauce  

    The Negro’s Complaint  

Hannah More and Eaglesfield Smith  

    The Sorrows of Yamba  

Robert Southey  

    from Poems Concerning the Slave-Trade  

Dorothy Wordsworth  

    from The Grasmere Journals  

Thomas Clarkson  

    from The History of the Rise, Progress, & Accomplishment of the Abolition of the African Slave-Trade by the British Parliament  

William Wordsworth  

    To Toussaint L’Ouverture  

    To Thomas Clarkson  

    from The Prelude  

    from Humanity  

    Letter to Mary Ann Rawson (May 1833)  

The Edinburgh Review  

from Abstract of the Information laid on the Table of the House of Commons, on the Subject of the Slave Trade  

George Gordon, Lord Byron  

    from Detached Thoughts  

 

MARY ROBINSON

Ode to Beauty  

    January, 1795  

    from Sappho and Phaon, in a Series of Legitimate Sonnets  

        III. The Bower of Pleasure  

        IV. Sappho discovers her Passion  

    VII. Invokes Reason  

    XI. Rejects the Influence of Reason  

    XII. Previous to her Interview with Phaon  

    XVIII. To Phaon  

    XXX. Bids farewell to Lesbos  

    XXXVII. Foresees her Death  

   The Old Beggar  

 

MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT

    A Vindication of the Rights of Woman  

    from To M.Talleyrand-Périgord, Late Bishop of Autun  

        Introduction  

    from Chapter 1. The Rights and Involved Duties of Mankind Considered  

    from Chapter 2. The Prevailing Opinion of a Sexual Character Discussed  

 

JOANNA BAILLIE

London  

    A Mother to Her Waking Infant  

    A Child to His Sick Grandfather  

    Thunder  

    Song: Woo’d and Married and A’  

Literary Ballads

RELIQUES OF ANCIENT ENGLISH POETRY

    Sir Patrick Spence  

 

ROBERT BURNS

To a Mouse  

    To a Louse  

    Flow gently, sweet Afton  

    Ae fond kiss  

    Comin’ Thro’ the Rye (1)  

    Comin’ Thro’ the Rye (2)  

    A Red, Red Rose  

    Auld Lang Syne  

    The Fornicator. A New Song  

 

SIR WALTER SCOTT

    Lord Randal  

 

THOMAS MOORE

The harp that once through Tara’s halls  

    Believe me, if all those endearing young charms  

    The time I’ve lost in wooing

 

WILLIAM WORDSWORTH

LYRICAL BALLARDS

Simon Lee  

    Anecdote for Fathers  

    We are seven  

    Expostulation and Reply  

    Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey  

LYRICAL BALLARDS (1800, 1802)  

from Preface  

    [The Principal Object of the Poems. Humble and Rustic Life]  

    [“The Spontaneous Overflow of Powerful Feelings”]  

    [The Language of Poetry]  

    [What is a Poet?]  

    [“Emotion Recollected in Tranquillity”]  

“Strange fits of passion have I known”  

Song (“She dwelt among th’ untrodden ways”)  

“A slumber did my spirit seal”  

Lucy Gray  

Poor Susan  

Nutting  

Michael  

 

RESPONSES

Francis Jeffrey: [“the new poetry”]  

Charles Lamb: from a letter to William Wordsworth  

Charles Lamb: from a letter to Thomas Manning  

 

SONNETS, 1802–1807  

Prefatory Sonnet (“Nuns fret not at their Convent’s narrow room”)  

Composed upon Westminster Bridge, Sept. 3, 1802  

“The world is too much with us”  

“It is a beauteous Evening”  

London, 1802  

from THE PRELUDE, OR GROWTH OF A POET'S MIND

Book First. Introduction, Childhood, and School time  

from Book Second. School time continued  

    [Two Consciousnesses]  

    [Blessed Infant Babe]  

from Book Sixth. Cambridge, and the Alps  

    [Arrival in France]  

    [Travelling in the Alps. Simplon Pass]  

from Book Ninth. Residence in France 

        [Revolution, Royalists, and Patriots]  

from Book Tenth. Residence in France and French Revolution  

    [The Reign of Terror. Confusion. Return to England]  

from Book Eleventh. Imagination, How Impaired and Restored  

    [Imagination Restored by Nature]  

    [“Spots of Time.” Two Memories from Childhood and Later Reflections]  

“I travell’d among unknown Men”  

Resolution and Independence 

“I wandered lonely as a cloud”  

“My heart leaps up”  

Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood  

Surprized by joy  

Scorn not the Sonnet  

 

DOROTHY WORDSWORTH

Grasmere—A Fragment  

    Thoughts on My Sick-bed  

    When Shall I Tread Your Garden Path?  

    Lines Written (Rather Say Begun) on the Morning of Sunday April 6th  

    from The Grasmere Journals  

        [Home Alone]  

        [A Leech Gatherer]  

        [A Woman Beggar]  

        [An Old Soldier]  

    [The Grasmere Mailman]  

    [A Vision of the Moon]  

    [A Field of Daffodils]  

    [A Beggar Woman from Cockermouth]  

    [The Circumstances of “Composed upon Westminster Bridge”]  

 

SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE

Sonnet to the River Otter 

    The Eolian Harp  

    This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison  

    Frost at Midnight  

    The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (1817)  

    Christabel  

    Kubla Khan  

    The Pains of Sleep  

    Dejection: An Ode  

    Biographia Literaria  

        Chapter 4  

            [Wordsworth’s Earlier Poetry]  

        Chapter 11  

             [The Profession of Literature]  

        Chapter 13  

            [Imagination and Fancy]  

        Chapter 14  

            [Occasion of the Lyrical Ballads—Preface to the Second Edition—The Ensuing Controversy]  

            [Philosophic Definitions of a Poem and Poetry]

    from Lectures on Shakespeare  

    [Mechanic vs. Organic Form]  

 

GEORGE GORDON, LORD BYRON

     She walks in beauty  

    So, we’ll go no more a-roving  

    Manfred  

 

" MANFRED' AND ITS TIME

    THE BYRONIC HERO

Byron’s Earlier Heroes  fromThe Giaour  • fromThe Corsair   fromLara • Prometheus  • from Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, Canto the Third[Napoleon Buonaparte]

Samuel Taylor Coleridge  fromThe Statesman’s Manual [“Satanic Pride and Rebellious Self-Idolatry”]  

Caroline Lamb  fromGlenarvon  

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley  from Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus  

Felicia Hemans  fromThe Widow of Crescentius  

Percy Bysshe Shelley  from Preface to Prometheus Unbound • from Prometheus Unbound, Act 1

Robert Southey  from Preface to A Vision of Judgement 

George Gordon, Lord Byron  from The Vision of Judgement  

 

CHILD HAROLD'S PILGRIMAGE

from Canto the Third  

    [Thunderstorm in the Alps]  

    [Byron’s Strained Idealism. Apostrophe to His Daughter]  

from Canto the Fourth  

    [Rome. Political Hopes]  

    [Apostrophe to the Ocean. Conclusion]  

 

DON JUAN

Dedication  

Canto 1  

from Canto 7 [Critique of Military “Glory”]  

from Canto 11 [Juan in England]  

Stanzas (“When a man hath no freedom to fight for at home”)  

On This Day I Complete My Thirty-Sixth Year  

 

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY

    To Wordsworth  

    Mont Blanc  

    Hymn to Intellectual Beauty  

    Ozymandias  

    Sonnet: Lift not the painted veil  

    Sonnet: England in 1819  

    Ode to the West Wind  

    To a Sky-Lark  

    To—(“Music, when soft voices die”)  

    Adonais  

    The Cloud  

    from Hellas  

        Chorus (“Worlds on worlds are rolling ever”)  

        Chorus (“The world’s great age begins anew”)  

from ADefence of Poetry  

 

FELICIA HEMANS

    from TALES, AND HISTORIC SCENES, IN VERSE

    Evening Prayer, at a Girls’ School  

   Casabianca  

from RECORDS OF WOMAN

Indian Woman’s Death-Song  

    Joan of Arc, in Rheims  

    The Homes of England  

    The Graves of a Household  

    Corinne at the Capitol  

    Woman and Fame  

 

JOHN CLARE

Written in November (manuscript)  

    Written in November  

    Songs Eternity  

    [The Mouse’s Nest]  

 

JOHN KEATS

ON FIRST LOOKING INTO CHAPMAN'S HOMER

 Young Poets  

    On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer.  

    “To one who has been long in city pent”  

    On Seeing the Elgin Marbles  

    On sitting down to read King Lear once again  

    Sonnet: When I have fears  

    The Eve of St. Agnes  

    La Belle Dame sans Mercy  

    THE ODES OF 1819

     Ode to Psyche  

    Ode to a Nightingale  

    Ode on a Grecian Urn  

    Ode on Indolence  

    Ode on Melancholy  

    To Autumn  

    This living hand  

    Bright Star  

LETTERS

To George and Thomas Keats [“Intensity” and “Negative Capability”]  

    To Richard Woodhouse [The “Camelion Poet” vs. The “Egotistical Sublime”]  

    To Charles Brown [Keats’s Last Letter]  

 

THE VICTORIAN AGE

 

THOMAS CARLYLE

    from Gospel of Mammonism [The Irish Widow]  

    from Labour [Know Thy Work]  

    from Democracy [Liberty to Die by Starvation]  

    Captains of Industry  

 

JOHN STUART MILL                                         

    On Liberty  

        from Chapter 2. Of the Liberty of Thought and Discussion  

        from Chapter 3. Of Individuality, as One of the Elements of Well-Being  

 

ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING

To George Sand: A Desire  

    To George Sand: A Recognition  

    A Year’s Spinning  

    Sonnets from the Portuguese  

        1 (“I thought once how Theocritus had sung”)  

        13 (“And wilt thou have me fashion into speech”)  

        14 (“If thou must love me, let it be for nought”)  

        21 (“Say over again, and yet once over again”)  

        22 (“When our two souls stand up erect and strong”)  

        43 (“How do I love thee? Let me count the ways”)  

    Aurora Leigh  

    Book 1  

        [Self-Portrait]  

        [Her Mother’s Portrait]  

        [Aurora’s Education]  

        [Discovery of Poetry]  

    Book 2 

        [Woman and Artist]  

        [No Female Christ]  

    Book 5  

        [Epic Art and Modern Life] 

 

ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON

    The Kraken  

    Mariana  

    The Lady of Shalott  

   The Lotos-Eaters  

   Ulysses  

   Tithonus  

   Break, Break, Break  

   The Epic [Morte d’Arthur]  

THE PRINCESS

      Sweet and Low 

    Come Down, O Maid  

    [The Woman’s Cause Is Man’s]  

from In Memoriam A. H. H.  

    The Charge of the Light Brigade  

    Idylls of the King  

        The Coming of Arthur  

The Higher Pantheism  

    Flower in the Crannied Wall  

    Crossing the Bar 

 

CHARLES DARWIN

    On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection  

        from  Chapter 3. Struggle for Existence  

 

PERSPECTIVES                                 

Religion and Science                                         

 

Thomas Babington Macaulay  

    from Lord Bacon  

Charles Dickens 

    from Sunday Under Three Heads  

David Friedrich Strauss  

    from The Life of Jesus Critically Examined  

Charlotte Brontë  

    from Jane Eyre  

Arthur Hugh Clough  

    Epi-strauss-ium  

    The Latest Decalogue  

    from Dipsychus  

John William Colenso  

    from The Pentateuch and Book of Joshua Critically Examined  

John Henry Cardinal Newman  

    from Apologia Pro Vita Sua  

Thomas Henry Huxley  

    from Evolution and Ethics  

Sir Edmund Gosse  

    from Father and Son  

 

ROBERT BROWNING

    Porphyria’s Lover  

    Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister  

    My Last Duchess  

    The Bishop Orders His Tomb at Saint Praxed’s Church 

    Meeting at Night 

    Parting at Morning 

    A Toccata of Galuppi’s  

    Memorabilia  

    Love Among the Ruins  

    “Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came”  

    Fra Lippo Lippi  

    The Last Ride Together  

    Andrea del Sarto  

 

CHARLES DICKENS

    A Christmas Carol  

 

SIR ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE

    A Scandal in Bohemia  

 

JOHN RUSKIN

    Modern Painters  

        from Definition of Greatness in Art  

        from Of Water, As Painted by Turner  

    The Storm-Cloud of the Nineteenth Century  

 

MATTHEW ARNOLD

Isolation. To Marguerite  

    To Marguerite—Continued  

    Dover Beach  

                    

RESPONSE

Anthony Hecht: The Dover Bitch  

 

Lines Written in Kensington Gardens  

    The Buried Life  

    The Scholar-Gipsy  

    Culture and Anarchy

        from Sweetness and Light  

        from Doing as One Likes  

        from Hebraism and Hellenism  

        from Conclusion  

 

DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI

      The Blessed Damozel  

    The Woodspurge 

    The House of Life 

        The Sonnet

        4. Lovesight

        6. The Kiss

        Nuptial Sleep

 

CHRISTINA ROSSETTI

      Song (“She sat and sang alway”)  

    Song (“When I am dead, my dearest”)  

    Remember  

    After Death  

    A Pause  

    Echo  

    Dead Before Death  

    An Apple-Gathering  

    Up-Hill  

    Goblin Market  

    Promises Like Pie-Crust  

 

ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE

    The Triumph of Time  

        I Will Go Back to the Great Sweet Mother  

Hymn to Proserpine  

A Forsaken Garden  

 

WALTER PATER

    from The Renaissance  

        Preface  

        from Leonardo da Vinci  

        Conclusion  

 

GERARD MANLEY HOPKINS

    God’s Grandeur  

    The Windhover  

    Pied Beauty  

    Binsey Poplars  

    Felix Randal 

    As Kingfishers Catch Fire  

    [Carrion Comfort] 

    No Worst, There Is None  

    I Wake and Feel the Fell of Dark, Not Day  

    That Nature Is a Heraclitean Fire and of the Comfort of the Resurrection  

    Thou Art Indeed Just, Lord  

 

RUDYARD KIPLING

    Without Benefit of Clergy  

    from JUST SO STORIES

    How the Leopard Got His Spots  

    Gunga Din  

    The Widow at Windsor  

    Recessional  

    If—  

 

OSCAR WILDE

    Impression du Matin  

 

RESPONSE

Lord Alfred Douglas: Impression de Nuit  

 

    The Harlot’s House  

    Symphony in Yellow  

    Preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray  

    The Importance of Being Earnest  

    Aphorisms  

    from De Profundis 

 

COMPANION READING

H. Montgomery Hyde: from The Trials of Oscar Wilde

 

 

THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

JOSEPH CONRAD

    Preface to The Nigger of the “Narcissus”  

    Heart of Darkness  

 

    “Heart of Darkness” and Its Time

        Joseph Conrad: from Congo Diary  

        Sir Henry Morton Stanley: from Address to the Manchester Chamber of Commerce  

 

RESPONSES

Chinua Achebe: An Image of Africa  

Gang of Four: We Live As We Dream, Alone  

 

THOMAS HARDY

     Hap  

    Neutral Tones  

    Wessex Heights  

    The Darkling Thrush  

    On the Departure Platform  

    The Convergence of the Twain  

    Channel Firing  

    In Time of “The Breaking of Nations”  

    I Looked Up from My Writing  

    “And There Was a Great Calm”  

    Epitaph 

 

PERSPECTIVES

The Great War: Confronting the Modern

 

Blast

    Vorticist Manifesto  

Rebecca West  

    Indissoluble Matrimony  

Rupert Brooke  

    The Great Lover  

    The Soldier  

Siegfried Sassoon  

    Glory of Women  

    “They”  

    The Rear-Guard  

    Everyone Sang  

Wilfred Owen  

    Anthem for Doomed Youth  

    Strange Meeting  

    Disabled  

    Dulce Et Decorum Est  

Isaac Rosenberg  

    Break of Day in the Trenches  

    Dead Man’s Dump  

The Women Poets of World War I  

Cicely Hamilton  

    Non-Combatant  

May Wedderburn Cannan  

    Lamplight  

    Rouen  

Pauline Barrington  

    “Education”  

Helen Dircks  

    After Bourlon Wood  

Alys Fane Trotter  

    The Hospital Visitor  

Teresa Hooley  

    A War Film  

 

WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS

    The Lake Isle of Innisfree  

    Who Goes with Fergus?  

    No Second Troy  

    The Fascination of What’s Difficult  

    September 1913  

    The Wild Swans at Coole  

    An Irish Airman Foresees His Death  

    Easter 1916  

    The Second Coming  

    A Prayer for My Daughter  

    Sailing to Byzantium  

    Leda and the Swan  

    Among School Children  

    Byzantium  

    Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop  

    Lapis Lazuli  

    The Circus Animals’ Desertion  

    Under Ben Bulben  

 

JAMES JOYCE

    Dubliners 

    Araby  

    Eveline  

    Clay  

    The Dead 

 

T. S. ELIOT

    The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock  

    Gerontion  

    The Waste Land  

 

RESPONSES

Fadwa Tuqan: In the Aging City  

Martin Rowson: from The Waste Land  

 

     Journey of the Magi  

    Four Quartets 

        Burnt Norton  

    Tradition and the Individual Talent  

 

VIRGINIA WOOLF

    The Lady in the Looking-Glass: A Reflection  

    from A Room of One’s Own  

 

KATHERINE MANSFIELD

    The Daughters of the Late Colonel  

 

D. H. LAWRENCE

    Piano  

    Song of a Man Who Has Come Through  

    Tortoise Shout  

    Snake  

    Bavarian Gentians  

    Cypresses  

    Odour of Chrysanthemums  

 

DYLAN THOMAS

    The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower  

    Fern Hill  

    Poem in October  

    Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night  

 

SAMUEL BECKETT

    Endgame  

Postwar Poets: English Voices

 

W. H. AUDEN

     Musée des Beaux Arts  

    In Memory of W. B. Yeats  

    Spain 1937  

    Lullaby  

    September 1, 1939  

    In Praise of Limestone  

 

PHILIP LARKIN

      Church Going  

    High Windows  

    Talking in Bed  

    MCMXIV  

 

TED HUGHES

     Wind  

    Relic  

    Theology  

    Dust As We Are  

    Leaf Mould  

    Telegraph Wires  

 

SALMAN RUSHDIE

    The Courter  

 

PERSPECTIVES

Whose Language?

 

LOUISE BENNETT  

    Back to Africa  

    Colonization in Reverse  

    Independance  

from NG~uG~I WA THIONG’O  

    Decolonizing the Mind  

    Native African Languages  

NADINE GORDIMER  

    What Were You Dreaming?  

DEREK WALCOTT  

    A Far Cry from Africa  

    Wales  

    The Fortunate Traveller  

SEAMUS HEANEY  

    Punishment  

    The Skunk  

    The Toome Road  

    The Singer’s House  

    In Memoriam Francis Ledwidge  

    Postscript  

    A Call  

    The Errand 

JAMES KELMAN  

    Home for a Couple of Days  

EAVAN BOLAND  

    Anorexic  

    Mise Eire  

    The Pomegranate  

    A Woman Painted on a Leaf  

LORNA GOODISON  

    The Mulatta as Penelope  

    On Becoming a Mermaid  

    Annie Pengelly  

AGHA SHAHID ALI  

    Beyond English  

    In Arabic   

    Tonight  

PAUL MULDOON  

    Cuba  

    Aisling  

    Meeting the British  

    Sleeve Notes  

NUALA NÍ DHOMhNAILL  

    Feeding a Child  

    Parthenogenesis  

    Labasheedy (The Silken Bed)  

    As for the Quince  

    Why I Choose to Write in Irish, The Corpse That Sits Up and Talks Back  

GWYNETH LEWIS  

    Therapy  

    Mother Tongue  

ROBERT CRAWFORD  

    The Saltcoats Structuralists  

    Alba Einstein  

W. N. HERBERT  

    Cabaret McGonagall  

    Smirr  

 

Credits       

Index   

Print

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