The primary focus of this book is on the 5-E Model (Engaging, Exploring, Explaining, Elaborating, and Evaluating,) a Learning Cycle Model that reflects the NSES Science as Inquiry Standards. The inclusion of these standards will provide all readers a useful framework for making instructional decisions. Classroom scenarios throughout the book illustrate strategies of inquiry instruction and introduce readers to important science concepts. The scenarios also provide opportunities for readers to develop more science knowledge themselves.
For the instructor whose sole focus is methods, the ten chapters of this core text scaffold concepts and illustrate instructional models to help readers understand the inquiry approach to teaching.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Children, Science, and Inquiry: Some Preliminary Questions
What Does It Mean to Teach Science As Inquiry?
Why Should Children Learn Science?
U.S. Science Education: Where Have We Been, Where Are We Now, Where Are We Going?
What Shall We Teach in Science?
Science and Technology
Teachers and Inquiry
Chapter 2 Processes and Strategies for Inquiry
Processes of Science
Descriptive, Classificatory, and Experimental Investigations
Teachers, Children, and Inquiry
Chapter 3 Learning Science with Understanding
The New View of Learning
Enhancing the Understanding of Science
Children's Alternative Conceptions and Science Learning
Development, Learning, and Science Teaching
Chapter 4 Teaching Science for Understanding: The 5-E Model of Instruction
The 5-E Model of Science Instruction
Guided Discovery, Textbook, and Direct Instruction
Approaches to Teaching Science
Research on the Effectiveness of Different Approaches to Science Instruction
Selecting Instructional Approaches for Teaching Science
Chapter 5 Planning and Managing Inquiry Instruction
Planning Science Lessons
Managing Inquiry Instruction and Learning
Chapter 6 Assessing Science Learning
Assessment and Evaluation
Assessment and Inquiry Science
Informal, Traditional, and Performance Assessments
Fitting Assessment Methods to Learning Objectives
Examples of Informal Assessments
Examples of Performance Assessment
Examples of Traditional Assessment Items
Characteristics of Items on Statewide Tests of Science
Chapter 7 Effective Questioning
Questioning: An Essential Tool for Teachers
Questioning to Guide Inquiry Discussions
Responding to Student Ideas
Questioning Strategies in the Classroom: Properties of Air in First Grade
Some Considerations in Questioning
Chapter 8 Technology Tools and Resources for Inquiry Science
The Internet as a Technology Resource for Inquiry Science
Use Commercially Available Multimedia Packages to Enhance Science Inquiry
Use Instructional Software Packages
Use Computer-Based Laboratories to Collect and Process Data
Use Spreadsheets to Organize and Analyze Data
Communicate Through Multimedia Presentations
Managing Educational Technology in the Science Classroom
Take the Plunge-Join the Information Age
Chapter 9 Connecting Science With Other Subjects
Connecting Science and Mathematics
Connecting Science and Literacy
Connecting Science and Social Studies
Chapter 10 Science for All Learners
Students with Special Learning Needs
Science for Gifted and Talented Students
Science for Students from Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Backgrounds
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