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Multiple Paths to Literacy: Assessment and Differentiated Instruction for Diverse Learners, K-12, CourseSmart eTextbook, 8th Edition

By Joan P. Gipe

Published by Pearson

Published Date: May 30, 2013

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Description

This book presents an analytical approach, consistent with Response to Intervention (RTI), coupled with practical strategies for recognizing students’ literacy strengths and needs, identifying students with special needs, and planning for differentiated instruction. It takes into account each learner’s talents and multiple intelligences with the goal of tailoring instruction to meet those needs.

 

Making literacy accessible for all students is what this highly regarded book is all about. Supporting a view of literacy development that includes multiple forms of literacy, from text-based forms to technology-related literacy to visual literacy and the performing arts, it describes the analytic process as a means to achieving effective differentiation. A focus on data-driven decision-making and Response to Intervention (RTI) consistent with applying the analytic process is integrated throughout.

 

The author describes strategies and techniques appropriate to, or easily modified for, any grade level, from primary through secondary school. The new edition highlights the Common Core State Standards that can be met by using a particular technique or strategy, and notes the specific standard in a corresponding margin note. All of the practical strategies described in the text are listed on the inside front and back covers, with page numbers and the categorized skill area.

Table of Contents

Preface           x

 

PART I              Foundations

 

CHAPTER 1     Fundamental Aspects of Literacy Learning     2

                              OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT     2

                              Dimensions of Literacy     3

                                  Literacy Is a Language Process 4 • Literacy Is a Cognitive Process 5 • Literacy Is a Psychological or 

                                  Affective Process 5 • Literacy Is a Social/Cultural Process 6 • Literacy Is a Physiological Process 6 •

                                  Literacy Is an Emerging Process 7 • Literacy Represents the Linguistic Intelligence  8

                              Arts Connection     10

                              Prevalent Views About Literacy Instruction    10

                              Two Major Goals of an Effective Literacy Program    13

                                   Academic Literacy 13 • Recreational Literacy    13

                              Summary    15

                              Recommended Websites    15

 

CHAPTER 2       The Analytic Process: Preparation for Differentiating Instruction and Data-Driven Decision   Making    16

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT    16

                               Justification for the Analytic Process    17

                                    Problems Associated with Assumptive Teaching 17 • The Analytic Process Paradigm and the

                                    RTI Framework     19

                               Analytic Teaching: Teaching for Democracy and Social Justice    19

                               The Analytic Teacher 20 • The Analytic Process and Multiple Intelligences Theory    21

                               Arts Connection     24

                               Analyzing Components of Literacy Learning to Assist Differentiated Instruction    25

                                    Levels of Analysis and Correlative Diagnostic Questions     25

                               Basic Steps in the Analytic Process    31

                                    Analysis of Literacy Behaviors 31 • Generation of Possible Teaching Hypotheses 31 • Teaching

                                    32 • Reexamination of Literacy Behaviors    35

                               From Teaching Hypotheses to Lesson Plans    35

                                    Distinguishing Teacher Objectives and Correlated Student Learning Objectives 36 • Writing

                                    Student Learning Objectives 37 • Learning Activities 39

                               Summary    42

                               Recommended Websites    44

 

CHAPTER 3        Linguistic Diversity in Literacy Education for English Language Learners     46

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT    46

                               Communicative Competence     48

                               Some Linguistic Variations    50

                                    Variations across Languages 50 • Variations within a Language 53 • Other Linguistic Variations     54

                               Aspects of Second-Language Acquisition 55

                               Some Diversity-Related Principles for Literacy Instruction     56

                               Arts Connection    60

                               Effective Instructional Practices for English Learners    61

                                    A Developmental Stage Approach for English Language Acquisition 61 • Additional

                                    Considerations when Planning Instruction for English Learners  64

                               Summary    65

                               Recommended Websites     66

 

CHAPTER 4        Physical, Psychological, and Environmental Factors Affecting Literacy Development    68

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT     68

                               Physical Factors         69

                               Arts Connection         78

                               Psychological Factors    80

                               Environmental Factors    85

                               Summary    92

                               Recommended Websites    92

 

CHAPTER 5        Formal Literacy Assessment: Summative Assessments  94

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT         94

                               Summative versus Formative Assessment

                               Purposes of Testing

                               Assessment and Evaluation: Basic Concepts      96

                                    Definitions 96 • Basic Measurement Concepts    98

                               Purposes of Testing   101

                               Administering Standardized Tests          101

                                    Standardized Reading Survey Tests 102 • Standardized Diagnostic Reading Tests 103 • Criterion

                                    -Referenced Tests        105

                               Summary    107

                               Recommended Websites  107

 

CHAPTER 6        Informal Literacy Assessment: Formative Assessments   108

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT        108

                               Commonly Used Formative Assessment Tools   109

                                    Text-Related Tests 109 • Informal Reading Inventories 111 • Cloze Procedure 127 •

                                    Modifications for Emergent Readers 129 • Assessment by Observation, Conferences and

                                    Interviews, and Performance Samples     129

                               Arts Connection         135

                               Documentation and Record Keeping    138

                                   Vignette       139

                                   Summary    142

                               Recommended Websites  142

 

PART II            THE MAJOR DOMAINS

 

CHAPTER 7        Early Literacy Skills   144

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT     144

                               Early Literacy Development and Emergent Readers     145

                               Oral Language Development  145

                                    Assessment Techniques for Oral Language 146 • Instruction for Oral Language Development        

                                    147

                               Arts Connection    149

                               Print Conventions and Book Handling 150

                                    Assessment of Print Conventions and Book Handling 151 • Instruction for Print Conventions and

                                    Book Handling         151

                               Phonemic Awareness          152

                                    Assessment for Phonemic Awareness 152 • Instruction for Developing Phonemic Awareness     153

                               Letter Recognition     155

                                    Assessment for Letter Recognition 156 • Instruction for Letter Recognition       157

                               Spotlight on English Learners: Word Configuration Boxes       159

                               Summary    160

                               Recommended Websites       161

 

CHAPTER 8        The Reading/Writing Connection: Best Practices and Strategies 162

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT         162

                               The Role of Teachers in an Effective Writing Program      163

                               Implementing the Writing Program       164

                                    Observations, Initial Assessments, and Instructional Decisions 165 • Nonstructured Writing 166

                                    • Structured Writing Lessons and Best Practices  167

                               The Creative Writing Process   175

                               Spotlight on English Learners: The Language Experience Approach   176

                                    Prewriting     176

                               Arts Connection  177

                                    Drafting/Composing and Sharing for Feedback 179 • Revising and Editing 179 •

                                    Publishing/Sharing      181

                               Implementing a Spelling Program     181

                                    Nonstructured Spelling  183 • Structured Spelling Best Practices    183

                               Writing Instruction and Assessment: A Continuous Process  185

                                    Shared Observations 188 • Postwriting Questionnaires 188 • Spelling Questionnaires 188 •

                                    Portfolios   189

                               Summary    190

                               Recommended Websites   191

 

CHAPTER 9        Word Recognition    192

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT    192

                               Listening Vocabulary     194

                                    Assessment 195 • Instruction  195

                               Sight Vocabulary       196

                                    Assessment 198 • Instruction      199

                               Fluency        205

                                    Predictable Language Method 206 • Neurological Impress Method (NIM) 206 • Repeated Readings

                                    207 • Echo Reading 207 • Readers’ Theatre       207

                               Word Recognition Processes    208

                               Spotlight on English Learners: Choral Reading and Readers’ Theater     209

                               Use of Context Clues 208 • Knowledge of Word Parts: Phonics and Structural Analysis  214

                               Arts Connection     216

                                    Visual Analysis 219 • Blending and Synthesizing     226

                               Summary    229

                               Recommended Websites  230

 

CHAPTER 10     Reading Vocabulary   232

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT        232

                               Assessing Knowledge of Word Meanings    233

                                    Identification 234 • Multiple Choice 235 • Matching 235 • Checking  236

                               Effective Instruction for Building Reading Vocabulary    237

                                    Choosing Words to Teach 238 • Teaching Individual Word Meanings          239

                               Spotlight on English Learners: Homophones, Homographs, and Idioms  245

                               Teaching Word Learning Strategies     247

                               Arts Connection   250

                               Developing Word Awareness 255 • Instruction for Specialized Vocabulary 256

                               Summary    262

                               Recommended Websites 263

 

CHAPTER 11     Reading Comprehension: Foundations   264

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT     264

                               Factors Affecting the Comprehension Process    266

                                    Factors within the Reader 266 • Factors within the Written Text 269 • Environmental Factors          

                                    270   

                               Theories and Models of the Comprehension Process   271

                                    Schema Theory 271 • Reading Comprehension as Cognitive-Based Processing 272 • Reading

                                    Comprehension as Sociocognitive Processing 273 • Reading Comprehension as Transactional 273 •

                                    Reading Comprehension as Transactional-Sociopsycholinguistic 274 • Reading Comprehension as

                                    Influenced by Attitude   275

                               Skilled Versus Less Skilled Comprehenders    275

                               Assessment and Instruction for General Comprehension  277

                                    Assessing the Ability to Organize Text 278 • Instruction for General Comprehension   280

                               Spotlight on English Learners: The Experience-Text-Relationship Method   291

                               Arts Connection   300

                               Summary    304

                               Recommended Websites  304

 

CHAPTER 12     Strategic Reading for Narrative Text    306

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT  306

                               Assessment for Narrative Text: Retellings    307

                               Instruction for Narrative Text     309

                               Spotlight on English Learners: Generating Stories     320

                               Arts Connection      321

                               Adolescent Literacy  323

                               Summary    325

                               Recommended Websites    325

 

CHAPTER 13     Strategic Reading for Expository Text   328

                               OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT 328

                               Assessing Awareness of Strategic Reading for Expository Text   330

                               Instructional Techniques for Developing Strategic Reading for Expository Text   331

                               A Framework for Strategic Expository Reading     331

                               A Framework for Expository Writing

                               Spotlight on English Learners: GIST–Generating Interaction Between Schemata and Text 340

                               Expository Reading and the Internet    349

                               Arts Connection    349

                               Summary    352

                               Recommended Websites 352

 

CHAPTER 14      Study Skills and Test-Taking Strategies  354

                                OBJECTIVES Ï VOCABULARY ALERT        354

                                Study Skills and Prerequisite Abilities    356

                                Assessing Locational Skills    357

                                    Alphabetizing 357 • Book Parts 358 • Reference Materials 358 • Reference Skills     360

                                Instruction for Developing Locational Skills   361

                                    General Teaching Procedures for Direct Instruction 363 • Specific Activities     364

                                Assessing for Organizing Information   367

                                    Attentive Listening 367 • Classifying Words, Phrases, and Sentences 367 • Main Ideas and Supporting

          &nbs

 

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Multiple Paths to Literacy: Assessment and Differentiated Instruction for Diverse Learners, K-12, CourseSmart eTextbook, 8th Edition
Format: Safari Book

$51.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-284961-6