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Native Voices: Sources in the Native American Past, Volumes 1-2

By Mark A Nicholas, Mark A. Nicholas

Published by Routledge

Published Date: Nov 12, 2013


Integrates Native American perspectives into American history


Native Voices is a source reader that covers the entire span of Native American history. It offers documents for readers to evaluate the “Native Voice” across the American continent and in parts of Latin America. Each document sheds light on Native North America and provides readers with the Native American perspective of their history.

Table of Contents

Found in this Section:

1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents



Chapter 1 History from the Native American Point of View

Chapter 2 Natives & Newcomers: Fifteenth & Sixteenth Centuries                       

Chapter 3 The Seventeenth Century Spanish Borderlands and  Eastern Woodlands

Chapter 4 The Eighteenth Century to 1763 in Times of Peace and War

Chapter 5 The Indians’ Revolution, 1763-1814: Across the Continent  

Chapter 6 A New Order and Expansion West 1820-1850

Chapter 7 Native Americans, the Civil War, and the War for the West, 1850-1877 

Chapter 8 Assimilation or Extinction, 1860-1900    

Chapter 9 Perseverance and Revival

Chapter 10 Native Americans, the Great Depression & World War II, and the Reorganization of Indian Country, 1930-1950

Chapter 11 Resurgent Indians, 1960-1980

Chapter 12 Native Americans into the Twenty First Century



Chapter 1: History from the Native American Point of View

Controversy: Native Americans & Science

Vine Deloria Jr., Native American Geomythology

Calvin Luther Martin, Native Americans, Animals, and the Scientific Problem

Julie Cruikshank, Indigenous Local Knowledge of Glaciers

Native American Voices about Their Beginnings

Hopi Story of the Sunset Crater     

Cherokee Origin Story Kana´tî and Selu

The Iroquois Origin Story


Image of the Sunset Crater

Goatherd Mountain and the Shaman


Chapter 2: Natives & Newcomers: Fifteenth & Sixteenth Centuries

New Spain

Excerpts from Florentine Codex Book Twelve            

Huamán Poma de Ayala, “Letter to A King”            

Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca.  Portions from “The Narrative of Cabeza de Vaca.”

Negotiating North American Exploration & Early Settlement

Iroquoian Speakers and Coastal Algonquians Encounter Jacques Cartier

Le Page Du Pratz, an Eighteenth-Century Dutchman, Witnesses the Decline of the

Mississippian Chiefdoms in the Lower Mississippi Valley.

Thomas Hariot, “A Brief and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia.”


Mayan Lords in Glyphs

Huamán Poma de Ayala Drawings

Thomas Hariot’s watercolors


Chapter 3: The Seventeenth Century Spanish Borderlands and  Eastern Woodlands

Spanish Borderlands

The Memorial of Fray Alonso de Benevides of 1630, Account of Apache

Puebloan Voices from the Pueblo Revolt of 1680

Songs and Memories of Borderlands Slavery. La Cautiva Marcelina

Settlement in the Eastern Woodlands

Relation of Captain John Smith and his life saved by Pocahontas

Great Lakes Indians establish relations with Samuel de Champlain

Jesuit Paul Le Jeune in 1634, the Montagnais, and the Beaver

Hiacoomes the first Christian Indian, and Minister of Martha’s Vineyard

Jesuit Relation of 1640-1641 “Of the Capture of Two Frenchmen Who Were

Taken to the Country of the Hiroquois (Iroquois) and Their Return to the

Three Rivers.”

Nicholas Perrot Negotiates the Middle Ground

Wampanoag Grievances against the Colonists of New England before the

Outbreak of Metacom’s War, 1675-1676”


Maria de Jesús de Agreda, “Lady in Blue”

John Smith Saved by Pocahontas

An Ottawa Indian


Chapter 4: The Eighteenth Century to 1763 in Times of Peace and War

Treaty Language, Land, and Trade

Excerpts from The Great Peace of Montreal between the French & the Iroquois in 1701

The Walking Purchase Treaty

Excerpts from the Albany Congress 1754

Trade in the Southeast among the Creeks and Cherokees

The Indians’ Awakening and War            

The Mahican Esther and Moravian Conversion

The Mohegan Minister Joseph Johnson’s Speech to the Oneidas

The Master of Life Speaks to the Wolf in 1763

Pontiac’s Surrender

The Proclamation of 1763


Chickasaw Mapping of their place in the Southeast

Neolin’s Master of Life

The Proclamation Line

The Death of General Wolfe


Chapter 5: The Indians’ Revolution, 1763-1814: Across the Continent  

Indians’ Revolution in the East            

Lt. Henry Timberlake among the Cherokees            

Governor Blacksnake (Chainbreaker) Remembers the Revolution

Captain Pipe Speaks Plainly About the British

Indians’ Revolution in the East Continues

The Western Confederacy of Indians in Brownstown

Moravian Springplace Diary of Cherokee Religious Revivalism

Treaty of Fort Jackson after Creek Redstick Rebellion

Red Jacket’s Speech to the Reverend Jacob Cram (1805)

Indians’ Revolution in the West

Toypurina’s Interrogation from 1785

Spanish Peace with the Comanche Nation in 1786


Timberlake’s Map of the Cherokees on the Eve of the American Revolution

Lands Acquired by the Treaty of Fort Jackson and Table of Lands Returned

Red Jacket

Archangel Raphael at the Mission Santa Inés


Chapter 6: A New Order and Expansion West 1820-1850

Removal & Resistance

Andrew Jackson’s Speech on Indian Removal

Cherokee Phoenix extracts about Indian Removal

Cherokee Women Petition Against Removal

William Apess Account of the Mashpee Revolt

Excerpts from the Treaty of Prarie du Chein (1825)

The New York Oneida negotiate removal to Wisconsin

New Order The West

Reading Lakota Winter Count

Russian Account of the Koniaga Indians

Excerpt from Andele’s Account as a Mexican-Kiowa Captive

Remembering Captivity in the Texas in the WPA Narratives


James Treat’s Journal Entry of Surveying Maine

Map of the Potawotami “Trail of Death”

Captive Spanish Women


Chapter 7: Native Americans, the Civil War, and the War for the West, 1850-1877

Native Voices North and South: The American Civil War

Isaac Newton Parker speaks about Racism within the Union Ranks

The Iroquois in the South

The Cherokees Fight for the Confederacy

Stand Watie talks to his Wife about the War

The Minnesota Indian War: A Forgotten Outcome of the Civil War

Little Crow’s Speech

Taken Captive by the Sioux: Cecilia Campbell Stay’s Account

Searching For Peace: Gabriel Renville and the Dakota Peace Party

Wars for the West

Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1851

George Bent recalls the Sand Creek Massacre

Pretty-Shield and the End of the Buffalo for the Crow Indians

The Kiowa Satank speaks at the Treaty of Medicine Lodge 1867

Plenty-Coups and the Crow fight the Sioux

Luther Standing Bear Recounts the Sioux Defeat of Custer

Chahadineli Benally remembers the Navajo Long Walk


Isaac Newton Parker as a Young Warrior

Stand Watie

Little Crow

Howling Wolf and the End of the Buffalo

Standing Bear Remembers Custer


Chapter 8: Assimilation or Extinction, 1860-1900    

Armed Resistance Continues: The Apache Wars

Geronimo Tells his Own Story

Assimilation & Resistance

The Dawes Act

Luther Standing Bear’s Account of Boarding School Life

The Arapaho Carl Sweezy Remembers School

Charles Ohiyesa Eastman sees the Devastation of Wounded Knee

Crashing Thunder and the Peyote Cult




Image of Plains Children at Catholic Boarding School

The Seventh Calvary and the Pride In Death

A Sioux Remembers Wounded Knee


Chapter 9: Perseverance and Revival

Outspoken Advocates

Dr. Carlos Montezuma,  “The Reservation Fate to the Development of Citizenship”

Chauncey Yellow Robe, “The Menace of the Wild West Show”

Native Americans and the Law

Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock (1903)

United States ex rel. Diabo v. McCandless, 18 Federal Reporter (1927)

Primitivism versus Civilization

Zitkala Ša’s “Why I am a Pagan”

“Declaration of All Pueblo Council”

World War I and the American Indian

Dr. Carlos Montezuma, “Drafting Indians and Justice”

Chauncey Yellow Robe, “Indian Patriotism”


The Progressive Indian American”(1913)

“Expectation and Reality” (1916)

The Moki Dance by Walter Hough


Chapter 10: Native Americans, the Great Depression & World War II, and the Reorganization of Indian Country, 1930-1950

The Indian New Deal

The Meriam Report of 1928

The Arts and Crafts Act of 1935

John Collier’s argument for Navajo Stock Reduction

A Cherokee Man Remembers the CCC

The Indian Reorganization Act

A Taos Pueblo, Antonio Luhan, Supports the IRA

World War II, Termination and Relocation:

Navajo Code Talkers Remember the War

An Omaha Indian Serves on the frontlines

The Cheyenne and Arapho Celebrate Their War Veterans

Ada Deer and the Menominee            

Don Bread reflects on youth activism in the early 1960s

Klamath Termination and Their Land

Orvis Diabo and the Indian Urban Experience


Navajo Marines

The Navajo Code

Native American Steelworkers

Menominee Drum Members March to State Capitol in Madison, Wisconsin


Chapter 11: Resurgent Indians, 1960-1980

Red Power, Vietnam, AIM

John Luke FlyingHorse (Hunkapa/Sioux): His Account of the Vietnam War

“Proclamation of Indians of All Tribes” (November 1969)

Fights for Self-Determination in the 1970s

American Indian Task Force: “We Speak as Indians” (1969)

Navajo Community College/Diné College

Return of Blue Lake to the Taos Pueblos (1970)

American Indian Religious Freedom Act (1978)

The Longest Walk (1978)


Indians in Vietnam: A Native American Medic

The Indian Occupation of Alcatraz

AIM at Wounded Knee


Chapter 12: Native Americans into the Twenty First Century

Government Policy and the Fight for Self-Determination

Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA)

California versus the Cabazon Band of Mission Indians (1987)

Native peoples React to Nuclear Waste Disposal


A Makah Elder, Helma Swan, Speaks About Indian Whaling

Aesthetics, Politics, and Decolonization

Gerald Vizenor’s use of the “Trickster”

James Welch’s Blackfeet Story

Winona LaDuke speaks out against Nuclear Weapons

Decolonization: Daniel Heath Justice, “Conjuring Marks: Further Indigenous   

Empowerment through Literature.”


Indian Gaming

Native American Protests Nuclear Waste Disposal

The Makah Whaler’s Rattle

Makahs Go Whaling in the 1990s

Indian Art:  Ace Blue Eagle “The Deer Spirit”

Indian Art: Oscar Howe, “Victory Dance”


Purchase Info

ISBN-10: 0-205-74251-3

ISBN-13: 978-0-205-74251-6

Format: Alternate Binding

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