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NoSQL Distilled: A Brief Guide to the Emerging World of Polyglot Persistence

By Pramod J. Sadalage, Martin Fowler

Published by Addison-Wesley Professional

Published Date: Aug 8, 2012

Description

This is the eBook version of the printed book.

Modeled after UML Distilled, Martin Fowler's international best-seller, NoSQL Distilled is designed to provide you with enough background on how NoSQL databases work, so that you can choose the right data store without having to trawl the whole web to do it. Fowler and Sadalage deliberately made this a small book, so you can get this overview pretty quickly. It won't answer your questions definitively, but it should narrow down the range of options you have to consider and help you understand what questions you need to ask in more detail.

  

The book is divided into three parts. The first part looks at the core concepts of NoSQL databases. After looking at the core concepts, we then move into talking about some important issues in using NoSQL databases effectively. The presence of aggregates changes how we model relationships. The schema-less nature of NoSQL systems alters how we approach database evolution. We expand on how to design systems that will use Polyglot Persistence, and finally sum up our thoughts on how to make the choice of what datastores to use.

In the final part we look at some representative database technologies. Our aim here is to give you a feel for how different database technologies use the concepts we outlined earlier and thus give you a flavor of the variety of stores that exist.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii

 

Part I: Understand  1

 

Chapter 1: Why NoSQL? 3

1.1 The Value of Relational Databases 3

1.2 Impedance Mismatch 5

1.3 Application and Integration Databases 6

1.4 Attack of the Clusters 8

1.5 The Emergence of NoSQL 9

1.6 Key Points 12

 

Chapter 2: Aggregate Data Models 13

2.1 Aggregates 14

2.2 Key-Value and Document Data Models 20

2.3 Column-Family Stores 21

2.4 Summarizing Aggregate-Oriented Databases 23

2.5 Further Reading 24

2.6 Key Points 24

 

Chapter 3: More Details on Data Models 25

3.1 Relationships 25

3.2 Graph Databases 26

3.3 Schemaless Databases 28

3.4 Materialized Views 30

3.5 Modeling for Data Access 31

3.6 Key Points 36

 

Chapter 4: Distribution Models 37

4.1 Single Server 37

4.2 Sharding 38

4.3 Master-Slave Replication 40

4.4 Peer-to-Peer Replication 42

4.5 Combining Sharding and Replication 43

4.6 Key Points 44

 

Chapter 5: Consistency 47

5.1 Update Consistency 47

5.2 Read Consistency 49

5.3 Relaxing Consistency 52

5.4 Relaxing Durability 56

5.5 Quorums 57

5.6 Further Reading 59

5.7 Key Points 59

 

Chapter 6: Version Stamps 61

6.1 Business and System Transactions 61

6.2 Version Stamps on Multiple Nodes 63

6.3 Key Points 65

 

Chapter 7: Map-Reduce 67

7.1 Basic Map-Reduce 68

7.2 Partitioning and Combining 69

7.3 Composing Map-Reduce Calculations 72

7.4 Further Reading 77

7.5 Key Points 77

 

Part II: Implement 79

 

Chapter 8: Key-Value Databases 81

8.1 What Is a Key-Value Store 81

8.2 Key-Value Store Features 83

8.3 Suitable Use Cases 87

8.4 When Not to Use 87

 

Chapter 9: Document Databases 89

9.1 What Is a Document Database? 90

9.2 Features 91

9.3 Suitable Use Cases 97

9.4 When Not to Use 98

 

Chapter 10: Column-Family Stores 99

10.1 What Is a Column-Family Data Store? 99

10.2 Features 100

10.3 Suitable Use Cases 107

10.4 When Not to Use 109

 

Chapter 11: Graph Databases 111

11.1 What Is a Graph Database? 111

11.2 Features 113

11.3 Suitable Use Cases 120

11.4 When Not to Use 121

 

Chapter 12: Schema Migrations 123

12.1 Schema Changes 123

12.2 Schema Changes in RDBMS 123

12.3 Schema Changes in a NoSQL Data Store 128

12.4 Further Reading 132

12.5 Key Points 132

 

Chapter 13: Polyglot Persistence 133

13.1 Disparate Data Storage Needs 133

13.2 Polyglot Data Store Usage 134

13.3 Service Usage over Direct Data Store Usage 136

13.4 Expanding for Better Functionality 136

13.5 Choosing the Right Technology 138

13.6 Enterprise Concerns with Polyglot Persistence 138

13.7 Deployment Complexity 139

13.8 Key Points 140

 

Chapter 14: Beyond NoSQL 141

14.1 File Systems 141

14.2 Event Sourcing 142

14.3 Memory Image 144

14.4 Version Control 145

14.5 XML Databases 145

14.6 Object Databases 146

14.7 Key Points 146

 

Chapter 15: Choosing Your Database 147

15.1 Programmer Productivity 147

15.2 Data-Access Performance 149

15.3 Sticking with the Default 150

15.4 Hedging Your Bets 150

15.5 Key Points 151

15.6 Final Thoughts 152

 

Bibliography 153

Index 157

 

Purchase Info

ISBN-10: 0-13-303614-6

ISBN-13: 978-0-13-303614-5

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