Product Cover Image

Physics, 3rd Edition

By James S. Walker

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jan 19, 2006



Table of Contents

NOTE: All chapters conclude with a Chapter Summary, Problem-Solving Summary, Conceptual Questions, Conceptual Exercises, and Problems. (Chapter 1 does not include a Problem-Solving Summary.)


1       Introduction to Physics

1-1    Physics and the Laws of Nature

1-2    Units of Length, Mass, and Time

1-3    Dimensional Analysis   

1-4    Significant Figures

1-5    Converting Units

1-6    Order-of-Magnitude Calculations

1-7    Scalars and Vectors

1-8    Problem Solving in Physics



2       One-Dimensional Kinematics

2-1    Position, Distance, and Displacement

2-2    Average Speed and Velocity

2-3    Instantaneous Velocity

2-4    Acceleration

2-5    Motion with Constant Acceleration

2-6    Applications of the Equations of Motion

2-7    Freely Falling Objects

3       Vectors in Physics

3-1    Scalars Versus Vectors

3-2    The Components of a Vector

3-3    Adding and Subtracting Vectors

3-4    Unit Vectors

3-5    Position, Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectors      

3-6    Relative Motion

4       Two-Dimensional Kinematics

4-1    Motion in Two Dimensions

4-2    Projectile Motion: Basic Equations

4-3    Zero Launch Angle

4-4    General Launch Angle

4-5    Projective Motion: Key Characteristics


5       Newton’s Laws of Motion

5-1    Force and Mass

5-2    Newton’s First Law of Motion

5-3    Newton’s Second Law of Motion

5-4    Newton’s Third Law of Motion

5-5    The Vector Nature of Forces: Forces in Two Dimensions

5-6    Weight

5-7    Normal Forces


6       Applications of Newton’s Laws

6-1    Frictional Forces

6-2    Strings and Springs

6-3    Translational Equilibrium

6-4    Connected Objects

6-5    Circular Motion


7       Work and Kinetic Energy

7-1    Work Done by a Constant Force

7-2    Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem

7-3    Work Done by a Variable Force

7-4    Power


8       Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy

8-1    Conservative and Nonconservative Forces

8-2    Potential Energy and the Work Done by Conservative Forces

8-3    Conservation of Mechanical Energy

8-4    Work Done by Nonconservative Forces

8-5    Potential Energy Curves and Equipotentials


9       Linear Momentum and Collisions

9-1    Linear Momentum

9-2    Momentum and Newton’s Second Law

9-3    Impulse

9-4    Conservation of Linear Momentum

9-5    Inelastic Collisions

9-6    Elastic Collisions

9-7    Center of Mass

*9-8  Systems with Changing Mass: Rocket Propulsion


10     Rotational Kinematics and Energy

10-1  Angular Position, Velocity, and Acceleration

10-2  Rotational Kinematics

10-3  Connections Between Linear and Rotational Quantities

10-4  Rolling Motion

10-5  Rotational Kinetic Energy and the Moment of Inertia

10-6  Conservation of Energy


11     Rotational Dynamics and Static Equilibrium

11-1  Torque

11-2  Torque and Angular Acceleration

11-3  Zero Torque and Static Equilibrium

11-4  Center of Mass and Balance

11-5  Dynamic Applications of Torque

11-6  Angular Momentum

11-7  Conservation of Angular Momentum

11-8  Rotational Work and Power

*11-9   The Vector Nature of Rotational Motion


12     Gravity

12-1  Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation

12-2  Gravitational Attraction of Spherical Bodies

12-3  Kepler’s Laws of Orbital Motion

12-4 Gravitational Potential Energy

12-5  Energy Conservation

*12-6  Tides

13     Oscillations About Equilibrium

13-1  Periodic Motion

13-2  Simple Harmonic Motion

13-3  Connections Between Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion

13-4  The Period of a Mass on a Spring

13-5  Energy Conservation in Oscillatory Motion

13-6  The Pendulum

13-7  Damped Oscillations

13-8  Driven Oscillations and Resonance


14     Waves and Sound

14-1      Types of Waves

14-2      Waves on a String

*14-3     Harmonic Wave Functions

14-4      Sound Waves

14-5      Sound Intensity

14-6      The Doppler Effect

14-7      Superposition and Interference

14-8      Standing Waves

14-9      Beats


15         Fluids

15-1      Density

15-2      Pressure

15-3      Static Equilibrium in Fluids: Pressure and Depth

15-4      Archimedes’ Principle and Buoyancy

15-5      Applications of Archimedes’ Principle

15-6      Fluid Flow and Continuity

15-7      Bernoulli’s Equation

15-8      Applications of Bernoulli’s Equation

*15-9    Viscosity and Surface Tension




16        Temperature and Heat

16-1      Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics

16-2      Temperature Scales

16-3      Thermal Expansion

16-4      Heat and Mechanical Work

16-5      Specific Heats

16-6      Conduction, Convection, and Radiation


17        Phases and Phase Changes

17-1      Ideal Gases

17-2      Kinetic Theory

17-3      Solids and Elastic Deformation

17-4      Phase Equilibrium and Evaporation

17-5      Latent Heats

17-6      Phase Changes and Energy Conservation


18        The Laws of Thermodynamics

18-1      The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics

18-2      The First Law of Thermodynamics

18-3      Thermal Processes

18-4      Specific Heats for an Ideal Gas: Constant Pressure, Constant Volume

18-5      The Second Law of Thermodynamics

18-6      Heat Engines and the Carnot Cycle

18-7      Refrigerators, Air Conditioners, and Heat Pumps

18-8      Entropy

18-9      Order, Disorder, and Entropy

18-10   The Third Law of Thermodynamics




19     Electric Charges, Forces, and Fields

19-1  Electric Charge

19-2  Insulators and Conductors

19-3  Coulomb’s Law

19-4  The Electric Field

19-5  Electric Field Lines

19-6  Shielding and Charging by Induction

19-7  Electric Flux and Gauss’s Law


20     Electric Potential and Electric Potential Energy

20-1  Electric Potential Energy and the Electric Potential

20-2  Energy Conservation

20-3  The Electric Potential of Point Charges

20-4  Equipotential Surfaces and the Electric Field

20-5  Capacitors and Dielectrics

20-6  Electrical Energy Storage


21     Electric Current and Direct-Current Circuits

21-1  Electric Current

21-2  Resistance and Ohm’s Law

21-3  Energy and Power in Electric Circuits

21-4  Resistors in Series and Parallel

21-5  Kirchoff’s Rules

21-6  Circuits Containing Capacitors

21-7  RC Circuits

*21-8  Anmeters and Voltmeters


22     Magnetism

21-1  The Magnetic Field

22-2  The Magnetic Force on Moving Charges

22-3  The Motion of Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field

22-4      The Magnetic Force Exerted on a Current-Carrying Wire

22-5  Loops of Current and Magnetic Torque

22-6  Electric Currents, Magnetic Fields, and Ampère’s Law

22-7  Current Loops and Solenoids

22-8  Magnetism in Matter


23     Magnetic Flux and Faraday’s Law of Induction

23-1  Induced Electromotive Force

23-2  Magnetic Flux

23-3  Faraday’s Law of Induction

23-4  Lenz’s Law

23-5  Mechanical Work and Electrical Energy

23-6  Generators and Motors

23-7  Inductance

23-8  RL Circuits

23-9  Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field

23-10  Transformers

24     Alternating-Current Circuits

24-1  Alternating Voltages and Currents

24-2  Capacitors in AC Circuits

24-3  RC Circuits

24-4  Inductors in AC Circuits

24-5  RLC Circuits

24-6  Resonance in Electrical Circuits


25     Electromagnetic Waves

25-1      The Production of Electromagnetic Waves

25-2      The Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves

25-3      The Electromagnetic Spectrum

25-4      Energy and Momentum in Electromagnetic Waves

25-5      Polarization


26             Geometrical Optics

26-1      The Reflection of Light

26-2      Forming Images with a Plane Mirror

26-3      Spherical Mirrors

26-4      Ray Tracing and the Mirror Equation

26-5      The Refraction of Light

26-6      Ray Tracing for Lenses

26-7      The Thin-Lens Equation

26-8      Dispersion and the Rainbow


27        Optical Instruments

27-1      The Human Eye and the Camera

27-2      Lenses in Combination and Corrective Optics

27-3      The Magnifying Glass

27-4      The Compound Microscope

27-5      Telescopes

27-6      Lens Aberrations

28             Physical Optics: Interference and Diffraction

28-1      Superposition and Interference

28-2      Young’s Two-Slit Experiment

28-3      Interference in Reflected Waves

28-4      Diffraction

28-5      Resolution

28-6      Diffraction Gratings



29        Relativity

29-1      The Postulates of Special Relativity

29-2      The Relativity of Time and Time Dilation

29-3      The Relativity of Length and Length Contraction

29-4      The Relativistic Addition of Velocities

29-5      Relativistic Momentum

29-6      Relativistic Energy and E = mc2

29-7      The Relativistic Universe

29-8      General Relativity


30             Quantum Physics

30-1      Blackbody Radiation and Planck’s Hypothesis of Quantized Energy

30-2      Photons and the Photoelectric Effect

30-3      The Mass and Momentum of a Photos

30-4      Photon Scattering and the Compton Effect

30-5      The de Broglie Hypothesis and Wave-Particle Duality

30-6      The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

30-7      Quantum Tunneling


31             Atomic Physics

31-1      Early Models of the Atom

31-2      The Spectrum of Atomic Hydrogen

31-3      Bohr’s Model of the Hydrogen Atom

31-4      de Broglie Waves and the Bohr Model

31-5      The Quantum Mechanical Hydrogen Atom

31-6      Multielectron Atoms and the Periodic Table

31-7      Atomic Radiation


32             Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Radiation

32-1      The Constituents and Structure of Nuclei

32-2      Radioactivity

32-3      Half-Life and Radioactive Dating

32-4      Nuclear Binding Energy

32-5      Nuclear Fission

32-6      Nuclear Fusion

32-7      Practical Applications of Nuclear Physics

32-8      Elementary Particles

32-9      Unified Forces and Cosmology



Appendix A: Basic Mathematical Tools

Appendix B: Typical Values

Appendix C: Planetary Data

Appendix D: Elements of Electrical Circuits

Appendix E: Periodic Table of the Elements

Appendix F: Properties of Selected Isotopes

Answers to Your Turn Problems

Answers to Odd-Numbered Conceptual Questions

Answers to Odd-Numbered Conceptual Exercises

Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems