# Physics for Scientists & Engineers Vol. 2 (Chs 21-35), 4th Edition

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Aug 31, 2007

## Description

For the calculus-based General Physics course primarily taken by engineers and science majors (including physics majors).

This long-awaited and extensive revision maintains Giancoli's reputation for creating carefully crafted, highly accurate and precise physics texts. Physics for Scientists and Engineers combines outstanding pedagogy with a clear and direct narrative and applications that draw the student into the physics. The new edition also features an unrivaled suite of media and on-line resources that enhance the understanding of physics.

This book is written for students. It aims to explain physics in a readable and interesting manner that is accessible and clear, and to teach students by anticipating their needs and difficulties without oversimplifying.

Physics is a description of reality, and thus each topic begins with concrete observations and experiences that students can directly relate to. We then move on to the generalizations and more formal treatment of the topic. Not only does this make the material more interesting and easier to understand, but it is closer to the way physics is actually practiced.

## Table of Contents

CHAPTER 21: ELECTRIC CHARGE AND ELECTRIC FIELD

21—1 Static Electricity; Electric Charge and Its Conservation

21—2 Electric Charge in the Atom

21—3 Insulators and Conductors

21—4 Induced Charge; the Electroscope

21—5 Coulomb’s Law

21—6 The Electric Field

21—7 Electric Field Calculations for Continuous Charge Distributions

21—8 Field Lines

21—9 Electric Fields and Conductors

21—10 Motion of a Charged Particle in an Electric Field

21—11 Electric Dipoles

*21—12 Electric Forces in Molecular Biology; DNA

*21—13 Photocopy Machines and Computer Printers Use Electrostatics

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 22: GAUSS’S LAW

22—1 Electric Flux

22—2 Gauss’s Law

22—3 Applications of Gauss’s Law

*22—4 Experimental Basis of Gauss’s and Coulomb’s Law

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 23: ELECTRIC POTENTIAL

23—1 Electric Potential Energy and Potential Difference

23—2 Relation between Electric Potential and Electric Field

23—3 Electric Potential Due to Point Charges

23—4 Potential Due to Any Charge Distribution

23—5 Equipotential Surfaces

23—6 Electric Dipole Potential

23—7 E Determined from V

23—8 Electrostatic Potential Energy; the Electron Volt

23—9 Cathode Ray Tube: TV and Computer Monitors, Oscilloscope

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 24: CAPACITANCE, DIELECTRICS, ELECTRIC ENERGY STORAGE

24—1 Capacitors

24—2 Determination of Capacitance

24—3 Capacitors in Series and Parallel

24—4 Electric Energy Storage

24—5 Dielectrics

*24—6 Molecular Description of Dielectrics

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 25: ELECTRIC CURRENTS AND RESISTANCE

25–1 The Electric Battery

25–2 Electric Current

25–3 Ohm’s Law: Resistance and Resistors

25–4 Resistivity

25–5 Electric Power

25–6 Power in Household Circuits

25–7 Alternating Current

25–8 Microscopic View of Electric Current: Current Density and Drift Velocity

*25–9 Superconductivity

*25–10 Electrical Conduction in the Nervous System

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 26: DC CIRCUITS

26-1 EMF and Terminal Voltage

26-2 Resistors in Series and in Parallel

26-3 Kirchoff’s Rules

26-4 EMFs in Series and in Parallel; Charging a Battery

26-5 Circuits Containing Resistor and Capacitor (RC Circuits)

26-6 Electric Hazards

*26-7 Ammeters and Voltmeters

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 27: MAGNETISM

27-1 Magnets and Magnetic Fields

27-2 Electric Currents Produce Magnetic Fields

27-3 Force on an Electric Current in a Magnetic Field; Definition of

27-4 Force on an Electric Charge Moving in a Magnetic Field

27-5 Torque on a Current Loop; Magnetic Dipole Moment

*27-6 Applications: Galvanometers, Motors, Loudspeakers

27-7 Discover and Properties of the Electron

*27-8 The Hall Effect

*27-9 Mass Spectrometer

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 28: SOURCES OF MAGNETIC FIELD

28-1 Magnetic Field Due to a Straight Wire

28-2 Force between Two Parallel Wires

28-3 Definitions of the Ampere and the Coulomb

28-4 Ampere’s Law

28-5 Magnetic Field of a Solenoid and a Toroid

28-6 Biot-Savart Law

*28-7 Magnetic materials—Ferromagnetism

*28-8 Electromagnets and Solenoids–Applications

*28-9 Magnetic Fields in Magnetic Materials; Hysteresis

*28-10 Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 29: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND FARADAY’S LAW

29-1 Induced EMF

29-2 Faraday’s Law of Induction; Lenz’s Law

29-3 EMF Induced in a Moving Conductor

29-4 Electric Generators

*29-5 Back EMF and Counter Torque; Eddy Currents

29-6 Transformers and Transmission of Power

29-7 A Changing Magnetic Flux Produces an Electric Field

*29-8 Applications of Induction: Sound Systems, Computer Memory, Seismograph, GFCI

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 30: INDUCTANCE, ELECTROMAGNETIC OSCILLATIONS, AND AC CIRCUITS

30-1 Mutual Inductance

30-2 Self-Inductance

30-3 Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field

30-4 LR Circuits

30-5 LC Circuits and Electromagnetic Oscillations

30-6 LC Oscillations with Resistance (LRC Circuit)

30-7 AC Circuits with AC Source

30-8 LRC Series AC Circuit

30-9 Resonance in AC Circuits

*30-10 Impedance Matching

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 31: MAXWELL’S EQUATIONS AND ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

31-1 Changing Electric Fields Produce Magnetic Fields; Ampere’s Law and Displacement Current

31-2 Gauss’s Law for Magnetism

31-3 Maxwell’s Equations

31-4 Production of Electromagnetic Waves

*31-5 Electromagnetic Waves, and Their Speed, from Maxwell’s Equations

31-6 Light as an Electromagnetic Wave and the Electromagnetic Spectrum

31-7 Measuring the Speed of Light

31-8 Energy in EM Waves; the Poynting Vector

*31-9 Radiation Pressure

*31-10 Radio and Television; Wireless Communication

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 32: LIGHT: REFLECTION AND REFRACTION

32-1 The Ray Model of Light

32-2 The Speed of Light and Index of Refraction

32-3 Reflection; Image Formation by a Plane Mirror

32-4 Formation of Images by Spherical Mirrors

32-5 Refraction: Snell’s Law

32-6 Visible Spectrum and Dispersion

32-7 Total Internal Reflection; Fiber Optics

*32-8 Refraction at a Spherical Surface

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 33: LENSES AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

33-1 Thin Lenses; Ray Tracing

33-2 The Thin Lens Equation; Magnification

33-3 Combinations of Lenses

33-4 Lensmaker’s Equation

33-5 Cameras, Film and Digital

33-6 The Human Eye; Corrective Lenses

33-7 Magnifying Glass

33-8 Telescopes

*33-9 Compound Microscope

*33-10 Aberrations of Lenses and Mirrors

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 34: THE WAVE NATURE OF LIGHT; INTERFERENCE

34-1 Waves Versus Particles; Huygens’ Principle and Diffraction

34-2 Huygens’ Principle and the Law of Refraction

34-3 Interference—Young’s Double-Slit Experiment

34-4 Intensity in the Double-Slit Interference Pattern

34-5 Interference in Thin Films

*34-6 Michelson Interferometer

*34-7 Luminous Intensity

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 35: DIFFRACTION AND POLARIZATION

35-1 Diffraction by a Single Slit or Disk

35-2 Intensity in Single-Slit Diffraction Pattern

35-3 Diffraction in the Double-Slit Experiment

35-4 Limits of Resolution; Circular Apertures

35-5 Resolution of Telescopes and Microscopes; the λ Limit

*35-6 Resolution of the Human Eye and Useful Magnification

35-7 Diffraction Grating

*35-8 The Spectrometer and Spectroscopy

*35-9 Peak Widths and Resolving Power for a Diffraction Grating

*35-10 X-Rays and X-Ray Diffraction

35-11 Polarization

*35-12 Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD)

*35-13 Scattering of Light by the Atmosphere

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

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