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Practical Object-Oriented Design: An Agile Primer Using Ruby, 2nd Edition

By Sandi Metz

Published by Addison-Wesley Professional

Published Date: Aug 22, 2018

Description

The Complete Guide to Writing Maintainable, Manageable, Pleasing, and Powerful Object-Oriented Applications

 

Object-oriented programming languages exist to help you create beautiful, straightforward applications that are easy to change and simple to extend. Unfortunately, the world is awash with object-oriented (OO) applications that are difficult to understand and expensive to change. Practical Object-Oriented Design, Second Edition, immerses you in an OO mindset and teaches you powerful, real-world, object-oriented design techniques with simple and practical examples.

 

Sandi Metz demonstrates how to build new applications that can “survive success” and repair existing applications that have become impossible to change. Each technique is illustrated with extended examples in the easy-to-understand Ruby programming language, all downloadable from the companion website, poodr.com. Fully updated for Ruby 2.5, this guide shows how to

  • Decide what belongs in a single class
  • Avoid entangling objects that should be kept separate
  • Define flexible interfaces among objects
  • Reduce programming overhead costs with duck typing
  • Successfully apply inheritance
  • Build objects via composition

Whatever your previous object-oriented experience, this concise guide will help you achieve the superior outcomes you’re looking for.


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Table of Contents

Introduction xv

Acknowledgments xix

About the Author xxi

 

Chapter 1: Object-Oriented Design 1

1.1 In Praise of Design 2

1.2 The Tools of Design 4

1.3 The Act of Design 6

1.4 A Brief Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming 10

1.5 Summary 13

 

Chapter 2: Designing Classes with a Single Responsibility 15

2.1 Deciding What Belongs in a Class 16

2.2 Creating Classes That Have a Single Responsibility 17

2.3 Writing Code That Embraces Change 24

2.4 Finally, the Real Wheel 33

2.5 Summary 35

 

Chapter 3: Managing Dependencies 37

3.1 Understanding Dependencies 38

3.2 Writing Loosely Coupled Code 41

3.3 Managing Dependency Direction 53

3.4 Summary 59

 

Chapter 4: Creating Flexible Interfaces 61

4.1 Understanding Interfaces 61

4.2 Defining Interfaces 63

4.3 Finding the Public Interface 65

4.4 Writing Code That Puts Its Best (Inter)Face Forward 77

4.5 The Law of Demeter 80

4.6 Summary 84

 

Chapter 5: Reducing Costs with Duck Typing 85

5.1 Understanding Duck Typing 85

5.2 Writing Code That Relies on Ducks 95

5.3 Conquering a Fear of Duck Typing 100

5.4 Summary 103

 

Chapter 6: Acquiring Behavior through Inheritance 105

6.1 Understanding Classical Inheritance 105

6.2 Recognizing Where to Use Inheritance 106

6.3 Misapplying Inheritance 114

6.4 Finding the Abstraction 116

6.5 Managing Coupling between Superclasses and Subclasses 129

6.6 Summary 139

 

Chapter 7: Sharing Role Behavior with Modules 141

7.1 Understanding Roles 142

7.2 Writing Inheritable Code 158

7.3 Summary 161

 

Chapter 8: Combining Objects with Composition 163

8.1 Composing a Bicycle of Parts 163

8.2 Composing the Parts Object 168

8.3 Manufacturing Parts 176

8.4 The Composed Bicycle 181

8.5 Deciding between Inheritance and Composition 185

8.6 Summary 191

 

Chapter 9: Designing Cost-Effective Tests 193

9.1 Intentional Testing 194

9.2 Testing Incoming Messages 202

9.3 Testing Private Methods 215

9.4 Testing Outgoing Messages 217

9.5 Testing Duck Types 221

9.6 Testing Inherited Code 233

9.7 Summary 244

 

Afterword 245

 

Index 247

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Practical Object-Oriented Design: An Agile Primer Using Ruby, 2nd Edition

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$44.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-445647-8

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