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Prentice Hall Reference Guide, 9th Edition

By Muriel Harris, Jennifer L. Kunka

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Dec 29, 2013


For first year composition courses.

Prentice Hall Reference Guide, Ninth Edition, is a tabbed, spiral-bound handbook is written to help all writers, including students who may not know proper terminology, quickly find the information they need.

Teaching and Learning Experience 

This text will provide a better teaching and learning experience–for you and your students. It provides:

·        A series of “portals” in Tab 1, through which students can quickly find the answers to their writing, research, and grammar-related questions: Helps students at all levels of learning locate the help they need.

·        Tried and true advice at every stage of the writing process from instructors who have over 30 years of combined experience working with students:  The text is written to students and speaks to them using language they can understand.

·         A compact, four-color design with spiral binding and tabs:  Makes the book easy to use. 


0321993071 / 9780321993076 Prentice Hall Reference Guide with NEW MyWritingLab with eText -- Access Card Package

Package consists of:   

0205870147 / 9780205870141 NEW MyWritingLab with Pearson eText -- Valuepack Access Card

0321921313 / 9780321921314 Prentice Hall Reference Guide

Table of Contents


TAB 1:  FAQs & How To’s

            Question & Correct

            Compare & Correct

TAB 2:  Writing Processes

      1  Thinking About Writing

          a  The Rhetorical Triangle

          b  Topic

          c  Audience

          d  Purpose

          e  Medium

      2  Writing Processes and Strategies

          a  Planning

          b  Thesis

          c  Drafting

          d  Organizing

          e  Collaborating

          f  Revising

          g  Editing and Proofreading

     3  Paragraphs

          a  Unity

          b  Coherence

          c  Development

          d  Introductions and Conclusions

          e  Patterns of Organization

     4  Document Design

          a  Principles of Document Design

          b  Incorporating Visuals

          c  Paper Preparation

          d  Multimedia Presentations

          e  Writing for the Web

TAB 3:  Writing for College and Career

     5  Writing in the Disciplines

          a  Writing for the Sciences

          b  Writing for the Social Sciences

          c  Writing for the Humanities

     6  Writing About Literature

          a  Ways to Write about Literature

          b  Writing the Assignment

          c  Conventions in Writing about Literature

          d  Sample Literature Paper

     7  Critical Reading, Thinking, and Arguing

          a  Reading Arguments Critically

          b  Finding an Arguable Topic

          c  Developing Arguments

          d  Recognizing and Avoiding Logical Fallacies

          e  Organizing Your Argument

          f  Sample Argument Paper

      8  Visual Argument

          a  Similarities and Differences Between Written and Visual Arguments

          b  Appeals in Visual Argument

          c  Logical Fallacies in Visual Argument

          d  Creating Visual Arguments

     9  Professional Writing

          a  Memos

              Sample Memo

          b  E-Mail

               Sample E-mail

          c  Business Letters

                 Sample Letter

          d  Cover Letters

               Sample Cover Letter

          e  Résumés

                Sample Résumés

     10  Writing for Assessment

          a  Developing Portfolios

          b  Writing Essay Exams

TAB 4:  Revising Sentences for Accuracy, Clarity, and Variety

11  Comma Splices and Fused Sentences


a  Comma Splices

b  Fused or Run-On Sentences

      12  Subject-Verb Agreement

          a  Singular and Plural Subjects

          b  Buried Subjects

          c  Compound Subjects

          d  Or and Either/Or in Subjects

          e  Clauses and Phrases as Subjects

          f  Indefinites as Subjects

          g  Collective Nouns and Amounts as Subjects

          h  Plural Words as Subjects

          i  Titles, Company Names, Words, and Quotations as Subjects

          j  Linking Verbs

          k  There (is/are), Here (is/are), and It

          Who, Which, That, and One of as Subjects

     13  Sentence Fragments

          a  Unintentional Fragments

          b  Intentional Fragments

14  Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers

a  Dangling Modifiers

b  Misplaced Modifiers

15  Parallel Constructions

a  Parallel Structure

b  Faulty Parallelism

16  Consistency (Avoiding Shifts)

a  Shifts in Person or Number

b  Shifts in Verb Tense

c  Shifts in Tone

d  Shifts in Voice (Active/Passive)

e  Shifts in Discourse

17  Faulty Predication


18  Coordination and Subordination

a  Coordination

b  Subordination

19  Sentence Clarity

a  Moving from Known (Old) to Unknown (New) Information

b  Using Positive Instead of Negative Statements

c  Avoiding Double Negatives

d  Using Verbs Instead of Nouns

e  Making the Intended Subject the Sentence Subject

f  Using Active Instead of Passive Voice

20  Transitions

a  Repetition of a Key Term or Phrase

b  Synonyms

c  Pronouns

d  Transitional Words and Phrases

e  Transitions In and Between Paragraphs

21  Sentence Variety

a  Combining Sentences

b  Adding Words

c  Changing Words, Phrases, and Clauses

TAB 5:  Parts of Sentences

22  Verbs

a  Verb Phrases

b  Verb Forms

c  Verb Tense

d  Verb Voice (Active/Passive)

e  Verb Mood

f  Modal Verbs

23  Nouns and Pronouns

a  Nouns

b  Pronouns

24  Pronoun Case and Reference

a  Pronoun Case

b  Pronoun Reference

25  Adjectives and Adverbs

a  Adjectives and Adverbs


c  Comparisons

26  Prepositions

a  Common Prepositions

b  Idiomatic Expressions

c  Other Prepositions

27  Subjects


28  Phrases


     29  Clauses

          a  Independent Clauses

          b  Dependent Clauses

30  Essential and Nonessential Clauses and Phrases

a  Essential Clauses and Phrases

b  Nonessential Clauses and Phrases

31  Sentences

a  Sentence Purposes

b  Sentence Structures


TAB 6:  Style and Word Choice

32  Style Versus Grammar


33  General and Specific Language

      a  General Versus Specific Statements

      b  General Versus Specific Words

      c  Concrete Versus Abstract Words

34  Glossary of Usage


35  Conciseness and Wordiness

36  Passive Versus Active Voice

37  Unnecessary and Inappropriate Language

a  Clichés

b  Pretentious Language

c  Offensive Language

38  Appropriate Language

a  Standard English

b  Levels of Formality

c  Emphasis

d  Denotation and Connotation

e  Colloquialisms, Slang Terms, and Regionalisms

f  Jargon and Technical Terms

39  Nonsexist Language

a  Alternatives to Man

b  Alternative Job Titles

c  Alternatives to the Male or Female Pronoun

TAB 7:  Punctuation

40  Commas

      a  Commas in Compound Sentences

      b  Commas After Introductory Words, Phrases, and Clauses

      c  Commas with Essential and Nonessential Words, Phrases, and Clauses

      d  Commas in Series and Lists

      e  Commas with Adjectives

      f  Commas with Dates, Addresses, Geographical Names, and Numbers

      g  Other Uses for Commas

      h  Unnecessary Commas

41   Apostrophes

      a  Apostrophes with Possessives

      b  Apostrophes with Contractions

      c  Apostrophes with Plurals

      d  Unnecessary Apostrophes

42   Semicolons

      a  Semicolons in Compound Sentences

      b  Semicolons in a Series

      c  Semicolons with Quotation Marks

      d  Unnecessary Semicolons

43   Colons

      a  Colons to Announce Elements at the End of a Sentence

      b  Colons to Separate Independent Clauses

      c  Colons to Announce Quotations

      d  Colons in Salutations and Between Elements

      e  Colons with Quotation Marks

      f  Unnecessary Colons

44   Quotation Marks

      a  Quotation Marks with Direct and Indirect Quotations

      b  Quotation Marks for Minor Titles and Parts of Wholes

      c  Quotation Marks for Words

      d  Use of Other Punctuation with Quotation Marks

      e  Unnecessary Quotation Marks

45   Hyphens

      a  Hyphens to Divide Words

      b  Hyphens to Form Compound Words

      c  Hyphens to Join Word Units

      d  Hyphens to Join Prefixes, Suffixes, and Letters to a Word

      e  Hyphens to Avoid Ambiguity

46   End Punctuation

      a  Periods

      b  Question Marks

      c  Exclamation Points

47     Other Punctuation

a  Dashes

b  Slashes

c  Parentheses

d  Brackets

e  Ellipses (Omitted Words)

TAB 8:  Mechanics and Spelling

48     Capitals


    49    Abbreviations

          a  Abbreviating Numbers

          b  Abbreviating Titles

          c  Abbreviating Place Names

          d  Abbreviating Measurements

          e  Abbreviating Dates

          f  Abbreviating Initials Used as Names

          g  Abbreviating Latin Expressions

          h  Abbreviating Documentation

    50   Numbers

    51    Italics

          a  Italics for Titles

          b  Italics for Other Uses

    52   Spelling

          a  Proofreading

          b  Spell-Checkers

          c  Some Spelling Guidelines

          d  Plurals

          e  Sound-Alike Words (Homonyms)

TAB 9:  For Multilingual Writers

53  American Style in Writing

a  American Style

b  English Grammar vs. Grammar of Other Languages

c  American English and World Englishes

d  Web Sites for ESL Resources

     54   Verbs

          a  Verbs

          b  Helping Verbs with Main Verbs

          c  Two-Word (Phrasal) Verbs

          d  Verbs with –ing and to+ Verb Forms

     55  Omitted and Repeated Words

          a  Omitted Subjects

          b  Repeated Subjects

     56  Pronouns and Adverbs

57  Count and Noncount Nouns


58   Adjectives and Adverbs

      a  Order of Adverbs

      b  Order of Adjectives

      c  A/An/The

      d  Some/Any, Much/Many, Little/Few, Less/Fewer, Enough, No

59  Prepositions

60    Idioms


TAB 10:  Research

      61  Finding a Topic

           a  Deciding on a Purpose and Audience

          b  Deciding on a Topic

          c  Narrowing the Topic

          d  Formulating a Research Question

          e  Formulating a Thesis

     62  Choosing Primary and Secondary Sources

            a  Primary Sources

          b  Secondary Sources

      63  Searching Libraries and Library Databases     

            a  Libraries

          b  Library Databases and Subscription Services

     64  Using Web Resources

          a  Internet Search Strategies

          b  Types of Internet Sources

     65  Conducting Firsthand Research

          a  Observations

          b  Interviews

          c  Surveys


     66  Evaluating Sources

          a  Getting Started

          b  Evaluating Authors’ Credibility

          c  Evaluating Content

          d  Evaluating Internet Sources

     67  Collecting Information

          a  Keeping Notes

          b  Printing and Annotating Photocopies and Printouts

          c  Writing an Annotated Bibliography

     68  Using Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism

          a  Understanding Plagiarism

          b  Documenting Sources Responsibly

          c  Summarizing without Plagiarism

          d  Paraphrasing without Plagiarism

          e  Using Quotation Marks to Avoid Plagiarism

          f  Using Signal Words and Phrases to Integrate Sources

     69 Writing the Research Paper

          a  Getting Started

          b  Planning and Organizing

          c  Writing a Draft

          d  Reviewing the Draft

          e  Revising, Editing, and Checking the Format

TAB 11:  MLA Documentation

      70  Documenting in MLA Style

            a  In-Text Citations

          b  Notes

          c  Works Cited List

          d  Sample MLA-Style Research Paper

TAB 12:  APA, CM, and CSE Documentation

      71  Documenting in APA Style

          a  In-Text Citations

          b  Footnotes

          c  References List

          d  Sample APA-Style Research Paper

     72  Chicago Manual (CM)Style

          a  Numbered Notes

          b  Author-Date Citation Format

          c  Bibliography Entries

     73  Council of Science Editors (CSE) Style

          a  Name-Year Style

          b  Citation Sequence Style

          c  References List

      74  Resources for Other Styles

Glossary of Grammatical Terms


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